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Aspidosperma polyneuron - M?ll.Arg.

Common Name Peroba Rosa
Family Apocynaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards The freshly cut wood and sap of Aspidosperma species causes irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, with general malaise[ 407 ]. The sawdust, on contact with abraded skin, produces local burning and a vesicular eruption with general symptoms of muscular weakness and cramps, sweating, dryness of the mouth, and faintness[ 407 ]. Once the wood is thoroughly dry it loses its toxicity unless polishes or dyes in organic solvents are used on it[ 407 ]
Habitats A species of tropical, lowland to submontane moist forest. It occurs in various forest types in moderately humid areas from low to medium elevations. It can be dominant in the understory of Araucaria forest[ 349 ].
Range S. America - Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru and Colombia.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Aspidosperma polyneuron Peroba Rosa


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Aspidosperma polyneuron Peroba Rosa
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Summary

Peroba rosa or Aspidosperma polyneuron is an evergreen tree that has an oblong crown and a straight cylindrical bole of up to 90 cm in diameter. The tree can grow up to 8-30 meters in height when fully matured. It functions as both an ornamental tree and a timber tree. The wood is highly valued for its heavy and durable characteristics and is primarily used for general construction. The bark has medicinal uses. It is an astringent and antipyretic.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Aspidosperma polyneuron is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


The bark is antipyretic, astringent and bitter[ 739 ].

References

Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Other uses rating: High (4/5). Other Uses The heartwood is rose-red to orange or yellowish with some darker streaks; the sapwood a dull gray-white[ 409 ]. The texture is fine, compact, but with a rough surface; the grain is straight to interlocked; lustre is bright; there is no distinct taste or odour. The wood is heavy, hard, uniform, with excellent mechanical properties and very durable if kept dry. It works well with hand and machine tools, though it has a moderate blunting effect; it finishes well. An excellent structural timber that is easy to split, it is used primarily in general construction for joinery, veneers, and in the construction of ship decks, flooring, furniture, truck bodies, sleepers etc[ 46 , 349 , 363 , 419 , 719 ].

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Prefers a position with some shade[ 419 ]. Prefers a deep, fertile soil[ 419 ]. A slow-growing tree[ 419 ]. Silvicultural trials have been carried out and in different sites tree heights at 12 - 13 years have ranged from 4.7 to 7.8 metres[ 349 ].

References

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed or in individual containers. A germination rate in excess of 70% can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 10 - 20 days. Young plants grow away slowly[ 419 ]. The seed can remain viable for at least 6 months in storage[ 419 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Peroba rosa or Aspidosperma polyneuron

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Coming Soon

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Endangered

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Aspidosperma albumGuatambuTree25.0 10-12 MLMHNM024
Aspidosperma eburneumEburneumTree20.0 10-12 MLMHNM004
Aspidosperma quebracho-blancoQuebrachoTree0.0 -  LMHSNM02 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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M?ll.Arg.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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