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Artocarpus odoratissimus - Blanco

Common Name Marang, Terap
Family Moraceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Secondary forests up to 1,000 metres altitude on sandy clay soils in Thailand[ 306 ]. Evergreen forests[ 525 ].
Range Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Artocarpus odoratissimus Marang, Terap

wikimedia.org User:W.A.Djatmiko
Artocarpus odoratissimus Marang, Terap
wikimedia.org User:W.A.Djatmiko


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Artocarpus odoratissimus, otherwise known as marang, terap, timadang, johey, oak, green pedalai, tarap, or madang, is a large, tropical, evergreen tree. It is native to the Philippines, particularly in Palawan and Mindanao, and Borneo. It can grow up to 25 m high and its trunk can reach up to 50 cm in diameter. It is known for its sweet, fleshy, and juicy fruits that are said to be superior to the jackfruit and cempedak. Ripe fruits are eaten fresh and immature fruits are cooked as vegetables. The seeds are either consumed roasted or boiled. The latex obtained from the tree is used for treating inflammation from wounds. The leaves are large and sometimes used as thatch. The wood can be used for light constructions, box-making, and crates.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Artocarpus odoratissimus is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant is not wind tolerant.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Artocarpus mutabilis Becc. Artocarpus tarap Becc.


Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Seed
Edible Uses:

Edible portion: Fruit, Seeds, Nuts. The ripe fruits are fleshy, aromatic, sweet and juicy - similar to the jackfruit (A. heterophyllus) but of much better quality[ 46 , 301 ]. Usually eaten as a dessert fruit, they are considered to be the finest fruit in Brunei[ 301 ]. The unripe fruit can be eaten as a boiled vegetable[ 301 ]. The roundish to oblong fruit is quite large, averaging about 16cm long and 13cm in diameter[ 306 ]. The rind of the fruit is said to be edible[ 301 ]. Thick and fleshy[ 306 ]. Seed - roasted or boiled and eaten[301,306]. Seeds boiled for 30 minutes in salty water have a delicious nutty flavour[ 303 ]. Roasted seeds have a flavour similar to sweet chestnuts[ 416 ]. The whitish seed is about 8 _ 15mm in size[ 306 ].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Other Uses: None known

Special Uses

Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

A plant of lowland humid tropics, succeeding at elevations up to 1,000 metres[ 200 , 303 ], it grows best in regions with abundant and equally distributed rainfall[ 306 , 525 ]. Prefers a deep, well-drained soil[ 200 ]. Young plants need some shade, but need increasing light levels as they mature[ 200 ]. Trees as young as 4 - 6 years can begin to bear fruit[ 303 ]. Yields of 4 - 6 tonnes per hectare have been achieved[ 303 ]. The fruits are borne at the end of long flexible branches and ripe fruits are heavy, fragile and difficult to reach for harvest[ 303 ]. Mature fruits are usually harvested by hand with the help of a curved knife attached to the end of long bamboo pole[ 303 ]. Getting at the heavy fruit at the end of slender twigs is hazardous[ 303 ]. The delicate fruit really should be caught to break the fall, it has a very short shelf life[ 303 ]. A tree produces about 180 fruit per season.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

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Seed - it has a short viability and so is best sown as soon as it is ripe[ 200 , 303 ]. The seed germinates best at a temperature of 24 - 27c[ 200 ]. Germination is often 100% within 4 weeks[ 303 ]. Plants are spaced 12-14 m apart. Root cuttings. Air layering. Plants can be grafted.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Artocarpus odoratissimus, otherwise known as marang, terap, timadang, johey, oak, green pedalai, tarap, or madang. Other Names: Marang, Beluli, Kian, Muntorong, Pingan, Tarap, Terap, Pi-ien, Keiran, Loloi, Morang, Marang-banguhan, Timadang, Keiran, Pingan, Tekalong, Benturung, Jarap hutan.

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Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Found In: Asia, Australia, Brazil, Brunei, Burma, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, North America, Pacific, Philippines, SE Asia, South America, USA [1b].

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Artocarpus altilisBreadfruitTree18.0 10-12 FLMHNM544
Artocarpus camansiBreadnut, KamansiTree15.0 10-12 FLMHNM413
Artocarpus heterophyllusJackfruitTree15.0 10-12 FLMHSNM523
Artocarpus integerChampedakTree20.0 11-12 SLMHNM403
Artocarpus mariannensisSeeded breadfruit, Marianas breadTree15.0 10-12 FLMSNM434

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Botanical References

Links / References

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A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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