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Artocarpus integer - (Thunb.) Merr.

Common Name Champedak
Family Moraceae
USDA hardiness 11-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats A common, sub-canopy tree in secondary forests and locally abundant in primary lowland rainforest, often on wet hillsides in Thailand[ 306 ]. Usually found at elevations up to 450 metres, occasionally to 1,200 metres[ 525 ].
Range Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Artocarpus integer Champedak


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Artocarpus integer Champedak
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Summary

Champedak or Artocarpus integer is a fast-growing, tropical tree that reaches up to 35 meters tall and 55 cm trunk diameter when fully matured. It has a dense, rounded crown. Its bark is dark grey or red-brown in colour. The leaves are oval and leathery. The fruit is a compound fruit, sweet, spiky and yellow to brown in colour. It is eaten fresh, fried with flour, or made into a type of pudding. When unripe, it can be cooked as vegetable or added into soups. Ripe seeds can be roasted or boiled. Young leaves are cooked and consumed as vegetable. The bark yields a fibre that is used in making ropes. A resin can also be obtained from the tree and it is used as a varnishing material. The tree is a good fuel source and is often used as a construction material. Other Names: Bangkong, Banturung manuk, Baroh, Beluno, Bukoh, Campedek, Champada, Chubadak, Kakan, Mangkahai, Nakan, Nangka berit, Nangka tjomedak, Pulutan, Sempedak, Sonekadot, Temedak, Tibadak, Tibudak [1b].


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Artocarpus integer is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects, wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Artocarpus champeden (Lour.) Stokes. Artocarpus integrifolia L.f. Artocarpus polyphema Persoon. Poly

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Leaves  Seed
Edible Uses:

Edible portion: Fruit, Seeds, Leaves. Fruit - raw or cooked. The pulp of the ripe fruit is golden-yellow, it is rather slimy and strongly odoriferous, almost like that of the durian[ 301 ]. The flavour is sweet, resembling durian and mango[ 306 ]. It is eaten fresh, fried with flour, or made into a type of pudding[ 301 ]. The unripe fruit is used as a cooked vegetable or is added to soups[ 301 ]. The fruit is up to 9cm long[ 200 ]. The almost globose fruit is 20 - 35cm long x 10 - 15cm wide[ 303 ]. Each fruit can weigh from 600 - 3,500g[ 418 ]. Ripe seeds - roasted or boiled and eaten as a delicacy[ 301 ]. Rich in starch, they have a nutty flavour[ 303 , 306 ]. Young leaves - cooked and used as a vegetable[ 301 , 320 ].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

Other uses rating: Medium (3/5). Agroforestry Uses: The tree is well suited for reforestation projects in association with other species[ 303 ]. Other Uses A fibre obtained from the bark can be used to make rope[ 303 , 306 , 320 ]. A resin obtained from the tree is used as a varnishing material[ 303 ]. The latex obtained from the plant has no value[ 303 ]. It can be used for making lime[ 320 ]. The bark contains tannin. With alum, the extract of heartwood provides a yellow dye that is moderately fast on silk. This dye is used in colouring the saffron-coloured robes of Buddhists[ 303 ]. The dark yellow to brown wood is strong and durable and is used for building construction, furniture and boats[ 306 ]. Sold under the trade name jack, is as strong as teak (Tectona grandis), takes a good polish, saws and works easily, and is durable under water[ 303 ]. It is generally not attacked by fungi and termites[ 303 ]. The tree is a good fuel wood; the calorific value of moisture-free heartwood is 5369 kcal/kg of wood[ 303 ].

Cultivation details

Regional Crop  Management: Standard  Staple Crop: Balanced carb  Industrial Crop: Hydrocarbon  Staple Crop: Basic Starch

A plant of the lowland humid tropics, growing best at an altitude below 1,200 metres [ 200 , 303 ], in its native range it is always restricted to regions without a distinct dry season[ 303 , 306 ]. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 - 38c, but can tolerate 16 - 47c[ 418 ]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 2,200 - 3,500mm, but tolerates 1,250 - 4,500mm[ 418 ]. Prefers a deep, well-drained fertile soil[ 200 , 306 ]. Young plants need some shade, but need increasing light levels as they mature [ 200 ]. Prefers a fairly high water table[ 306 ], it can survive periodic flooding even with acid swamp water[ 306 ]. Prefers a pH in the range 4.5 - 6, tolerating 4 - 6.5[ 418 ]. The tree usually fruits prolifically and is capable of very high yields [ 306 ]. Seedlings start bearing fruit after 3 - 6 years; clonal trees bear after 2 - 4 years. Flowers may be found at any time of year, but bloom is concentrated around one period of the year[ 303 ]. Female flower heads are found only on cauliflorous shoots; most male heads are formed on shoots in the periphery of the canopy. This may facilitate pollination by wind, although the pollen is sticky. Insects visit the scented male inflorescence, not the female ones, which lack nectar [ 303 ].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe[ 200 ]. The seed germinates best at a temperature of 24 - 27c[ 200 ]. It can be raised by direct sowing or planting nursery-raised container seedlings[ 303 ]. Fresh seeds record germination rates of about 75%[ 303 ]. Root cuttings. Air layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Champedak or Artocarpus integer. Other Names: Bangkong, Banturung manuk, Baroh, Beluno, Bukoh, Campedek, Champada, Chubadak, Kakan, Mangkahai, Nakan, Nangka berit, Nangka tjomedak, Pulutan, Sempedak, Sonekadot, Temedak, Tibadak, Tibudak.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Found In: Asia, Australia, Brazil, Brunei, Burma, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pacific, Papua, Philippines, SE Asia, Singapore, South America, Thailand.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Artocarpus altilisBreadfruit54
Artocarpus camansiBreadnut, Kamansi41
Artocarpus heterophyllusJackfruit52
Artocarpus mariannensisSeeded breadfruit, Marianas bread43
Artocarpus odoratissimusMarang, Terap40

 

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(Thunb.) Merr.

Botanical References

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A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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