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Artemisia maritima - L.

Common Name Sea Wormwood
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards The following notes are from a report on the closely related A. absinthum, they quite possibly also apply to this species. The plant is poisonous if used in large quantities[20, 61]. Even small quantities have been known to cause nervous disorders, convulsions, insomnia etc[222]. Just the scent of the plant has been known to cause headaches and nervousness in some people[169].
Habitats Drier parts of salt marshes[17] in sand and shingle[190].
Range Much of Europe, including Britain, east to central Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Artemisia maritima Sea Wormwood


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Artemisia maritima Sea Wormwood
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Artemisia maritima is a deciduous Shrub growing to 0.6 m (2ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in flower from Aug to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Seriphidium maritimum. (L.)Soják.

Habitats

Cultivated Beds.

Drier parts of salt marshes[17] in sand and shingle[190].

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

The leaves are occasionally used as a flavouring[183]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anthelmintic;  Antiseptic;  Antispasmodic;  Carminative;  Cholagogue;  Emmenagogue;  Febrifuge;  Stimulant;  
Stomachic;  Tonic;  Vermifuge.

Sea wormwood is not much used in herbal medicine, though it is often used domestically. Its medicinal virtues are similar to wormwood, A. absinthum, though milder in their action. It is used mainly as a tonic to the digestive system, in treating intermittent fevers and as a vermifuge[4]. The leaves and flowering shoots are anthelmintic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cholagogue, emmenagogue, febrifuge, stimulant, stomachic, tonic and vermifuge[4, 145]. The plant is harvested as it comes into flower and is dried for later use[4]. The unexpanded floral heads contain the vermicide 'santonin'[218].

Other Uses

Repellent;  Strewing.

The growing shoots are said to repel insects and mice[6, 18, 20], they have also been used as a strewing herb[4, 14]. An infusion is said to discourage slugs and insects[14, 18].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any soil but prefers a poor dry soil with a warm aspect[37]. Easily grown in a well-drained circumneutral or slightly alkaline loamy soil, preferring a sunny position[1, 200]. Plants are longer lived, more hardy and more aromatic when they are grown in a poor dry soil[245]. Tolerates a pH in the range 6.0 to 7.6. Dislikes shade. Established plants are very drought tolerant[190, 200]. Tolerates maritime exposure[190]. The whole plant has a sweet aromatic smell[245]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[233].

Propagation

Seed - surface sow from late winter to early summer in a greenhouse, making sure that the compost does not dry out[200]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Division in spring or autumn[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Artemisia abrotanumSouthernwood13
Artemisia absinthiumWormwood, Absinthium.13
Artemisia annuaQing Hao, Sweet sagewort14
Artemisia anomala 02
Artemisia argyi 02
Artemisia biennisBiennial Wormwood11
Artemisia campestrisField Southernwood02
Artemisia campestris glutinosa 00
Artemisia capillarisYin Chen Hao13
Artemisia caruifolia 13
Artemisia cinaCina, Santonica03
Artemisia dracunculoidesRussian Tarragon, Tarragon, French Tarragon21
Artemisia dracunculusTarragon, French Tarragon42
Artemisia filifoliaSand Sage, Sand sagebrush02
Artemisia frigidaFringed Wormwood, Prairie sagewort12
Artemisia glacialisGlacier Wormwood12
Artemisia gmeliniiRussian Wormwood, Gmelin's wormwood11
Artemisia indica 13
Artemisia japonica 12
Artemisia keiskeana 21
Artemisia laciniataSiberian wormwood10
Artemisia lactifloraWhite Mugwort02
Artemisia lancea 11
Artemisia ludovicianaWhite Sage, Louisiana Sage, Prairie Sage, Western Mugwort22
Artemisia ludoviciana gnaphalodesWhite Sage02
Artemisia mexicanaMexican White Sagebrush01
Artemisia michauxianaMountain Sagewort, Michaux's wormwood11
Artemisia monophylla 10
Artemisia montana 10
12

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

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Readers comment

Muhammad Hassan   Sun Jun 17 2007

the name of family has been changed from Compositae to Asteraceae but here the old name is still used

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