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Artemisia frigida - Willd.

Common Name Fringed Wormwood, Prairie sagewort
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Although no reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, skin contact with some members of this genus can cause dermatitis or other allergic reactions in some people[222].
Habitats Dry prairies, plains and rocks to 3300 metres in N. America[43, 164].
Range N. America - Minnesota to Saskatchewan, Yukon, Texas and Arizona. N. Asia.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Artemisia frigida Fringed Wormwood, Prairie sagewort


Al Schneider @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Artemisia frigida Fringed Wormwood, Prairie sagewort
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 3: 525.

 

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Summary

Common names include: Fringed Wormwood, Prairie sagewort, fringed sagewort, fringed sagebrush, arctic sage and pasture sage.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Artemisia frigida is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment

The leaves are used by the Hopi Indians as a flavouring for sweet corn[61, 172, 177, 183, 257].

Medicinal Uses

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Antispasmodic  Deodorant  Disinfectant  Poultice  Stimulant  Stomachic  Vermifuge  Women's complaints


The leaves are stomachic, vermifuge and used in the treatment of women's complaints[172]. The plant contains camphor, which is stimulant and antispasmodic[213]. An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of biliousness, indigestion, coughs and colds whilst the leaves are chewed and the juice swallowed to treat heartburn[257]. A poultice of the chewed leaves is used as a poultice to reduce swellings and the leaves are also placed in the nose to stop nosebleeds[257]. A hot poultice of the leaves has been used to treat toothache[257]. The leaves can be used as a sanitary towel to help reduce skin irritation[257]. They are also drunk as a tea when the woman is menstruating or to treat irregular menstruation[257]. The dried leaves are burnt in a room as a disinfectant[257]. A decoction of the root is used as a stimulant and tonic[257].

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Other Uses

Deodorant  Disinfectant  Dye  Essential  Repellent

Both the growing and the dried plant can be used as an insect repellent[172]. The leaves can be placed on a camp fire to repel mosquitoes[257]. The aromatic leaves have been used in pillows etc as a deodorant[257]. Bunches of the soft leaves have been used as towels, toilet paper etc[257]. A green dye is obtained from the leaves[257]. Cultivated for its foliage effects, and has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Used in landscaping and for erosion control and revegetation of rangeland. It is drought-resistant.

Special Uses

Food Forest

Cultivation details

Requires a sunny position and a well-drained soil that is not too rich[1, 200]. Requires a lime-free soil. Established plants are very drought tolerant[200]. Plants are longer lived, more hardy and more aromatic when they are grown in a poor dry soil[245]. A very ornamental plant[1]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[233]. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a clumper with limited spread [1-2]. The root pattern is fibrous dividing into a large number of fine roots [1-2].

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Propagation

Seed - surface sow from late winter to early summer in a greenhouse in a very free-draining soil, but make sure that the compost does not dry out. The seed usually germinates within 1 - 2 weeks in a warm greenhouse. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Division in spring or autumn[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant can be weedy or invasive. Reported weedy in Nebraska and Wyoming, USA.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Artemisia abrotanumSouthernwoodShrub1.2 4-8  LMHSNDM13 
Artemisia absinthiumWormwood, Absinthium.Perennial1.0 4-9 MLMSNDM132
Artemisia annuaQing Hao, Sweet sagewortAnnual3.0 6-9 FLMSNDM142
Artemisia anomala Perennial1.0 -  LMHSNM02 
Artemisia argyi Perennial1.5 -  LMSNDM02 
Artemisia biennisBiennial WormwoodAnnual/Biennial1.0 0-0  LMSNDM111
Artemisia campestrisField SouthernwoodPerennial1.5 4-8  LMSNDM021
Artemisia campestris glutinosa Perennial1.5 -  LMSNDM00 
Artemisia capillarisYin Chen HaoShrub0.5 6-9  LMSNDM13 
Artemisia caruifolia Annual1.0 -  LMSNDM13 
Artemisia cinaCina, SantonicaShrub1.0 0-0  LMSDM03 
Artemisia dracunculoidesRussian Tarragon, Tarragon, French TarragonPerennial1.0 5-8 MLMSNDM21 
Artemisia dracunculusTarragon, French TarragonPerennial0.6 5-8 MLMSNDM422
Artemisia filifoliaSand Sage, Sand sagebrushShrub1.2 3-7  LMSNDM021
Artemisia glacialisGlacier WormwoodPerennial0.2 4-8  LMHNDM12 
Artemisia gmeliniiRussian Wormwood, Gmelin's wormwoodPerennial1.5 3-7  LMHNDM11 
Artemisia indica Annual/Perennial1.2 6-9  LMSNDM13 
Artemisia japonica Perennial1.0 7-10  LMHSNDM12 
Artemisia keiskeana Perennial0.6 -  LMHSNDM21 
Artemisia laciniataSiberian wormwoodPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHSNDM10 
Artemisia lactifloraWhite MugwortPerennial1.5 4-8 SLMHSNM02 
Artemisia lancea Perennial1.2 -  LMHSNDM11 
Artemisia ludovicianaWhite Sage, Louisiana Sage, Prairie Sage, Western MugwortPerennial1.0 4-9 MLMSNDM222
Artemisia ludoviciana gnaphalodesWhite SagePerennial1.0 4-8  LMSNDM02 
Artemisia maritimaSea WormwoodShrub0.6 6-9  LMNDM12 
Artemisia mexicanaMexican White SagebrushPerennial1.0 -  LMNDM01 
Artemisia michauxianaMountain Sagewort, Michaux's wormwoodPerennial0.5 3-7  LMSNDM11 
Artemisia monophylla Perennial1.0 -  LMHSNDM10 
Artemisia montana Perennial1.8 -  LMHSNDM10 
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