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Artemisia biennis - Willd.

Common Name Biennial Wormwood
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Although no reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, skin contact with some members of this genus can cause dermatitis or other allergic reactions in some people[222].
Habitats Open ground, clearings, burns, roadsides and waste places[43].
Range N. America - Quebec to British Columbia and south to New England, Indiana etc.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Artemisia biennis Biennial Wormwood


Artemisia biennis Biennial Wormwood
http://plants.usda.gov/

 

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Summary

Other names: Biennial wormwood, biennial sagewort; false tansy; slender mugwort, French: armoise bisannuelle; herbe St-Jean. Germany: Zweijähriger Beifuß. Netherlands: rechte alsem; tweejarige alsem.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Artemisia biennis is a ANNUAL/BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed.
Edible Uses:

Seed[161, 177, 257]. No further details are given, but the seed is very small and fiddly to utilize[K].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Parasiticide;  Poultice;  Skin.

The plant as been used in the treatment of stomach cramps, colic and painful menstruation[257]. Externally, it has been used for treating sores and wounds[257]. The report does not specify which part of the plant is used. The seeds, mixed with molasses, have been used as a parasiticide in getting rid of worms[257].

Other Uses

Parasiticide.

Possible Parasiticide. Used in medicine and veterinary medicine to kill parasites

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in many parts of this country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Easily grown in a well-drained circumneutral or slightly alkaline loamy soil, preferring a sunny position. Established plants are drought tolerant. Plants are longer lived, more hardy and more aromatic when they are grown in a poor dry soil[245]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[233].

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Propagation

Seed - surface sow spring in a greenhouse. Do not allow the compost to dry out. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer. The seed can also be sown in situ during late spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant can be weedy or invasive. Invasive in some agricultural areas particularly soybeans, other types of dry edible beans, and sunflowers in North America including Nebraska and Wyoming. Potential for emerging problems in Europe in the future.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Artemisia abrotanumSouthernwood13
Artemisia absinthiumWormwood, Absinthium.13
Artemisia annuaQing Hao, Sweet sagewort14
Artemisia anomala 02
Artemisia argyi 02
Artemisia campestrisField Southernwood02
Artemisia campestris glutinosa 00
Artemisia capillarisYin Chen Hao13
Artemisia caruifolia 13
Artemisia cinaCina, Santonica03
Artemisia dracunculoidesRussian Tarragon, Tarragon, French Tarragon21
Artemisia dracunculusTarragon, French Tarragon42
Artemisia filifoliaSand Sage, Sand sagebrush02
Artemisia frigidaFringed Wormwood, Prairie sagewort12
Artemisia glacialisGlacier Wormwood12
Artemisia gmeliniiRussian Wormwood, Gmelin's wormwood11
Artemisia indica 13
Artemisia japonica 12
Artemisia keiskeana 21
Artemisia laciniataSiberian wormwood10
Artemisia lactifloraWhite Mugwort02
Artemisia lancea 11
Artemisia ludovicianaWhite Sage, Louisiana Sage, Prairie Sage, Western Mugwort22
Artemisia ludoviciana gnaphalodesWhite Sage02
Artemisia maritimaSea Wormwood12
Artemisia mexicanaMexican White Sagebrush01
Artemisia michauxianaMountain Sagewort, Michaux's wormwood11
Artemisia monophylla 10
Artemisia montana 10
12

 

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Expert comment

Author

Willd.

Botanical References

43235

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

George O. Kegode   Mon Oct 2 2006

See the following articles for more in-depth information on biennial wormwood (Artemisia biennis): Phytoprotection 86:125-132 (2006) Weed Science 52:246-254 (2004) Weed Science 52:53-60 (2004) Weed Technology 17:646-649 (2003)

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