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Arnica angustifolia alpina - (L.)I.K.Ferguson.

Common Name Mountain Tobacco
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards The whole plant is toxic and should only be used for external applications to unbroken skin[172].
Habitats Pasture and open woodland on neutral to calcareous soils[200]. Bare rocky alpine slopes and summits[60].
Range N. Europe. N. Asia and Northern N. America.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Arnica angustifolia alpina Mountain Tobacco


Arnica angustifolia alpina Mountain Tobacco

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Arnica angustifolia alpina is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

A. alpina. (L.)Olin.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiecchymotic;  Antiphlogistic;  Nervine;  Sternutatory;  Vulnerary.

The whole flowering plant is antiecchymotic, antiphlogistic, nervine, sternutatory and vulnerary[172]. This species is closely related to A. montana and is included in that species by some botanists. The medicinal uses of that plant are as follows:- Arnica has a long history of herbal use, especially as an external treatment for bruises and sprains[232, 238] - it is an ingredient of a number of proprietary preparations[238]. Internally, it has been used in the treatment of heart complaints and as a booster for the immune system[238]. Arnica increases local blood supply and accelerates healing, it is anti-inflammatory and increases the rate of absorption of internal bleeding[254]. Generally the plant is nowadays only recommended for internal use as a homeopathic medicine, principally for treating shock, injury and pain[254]. If used as a decoction or tincture it stimulates the circulation and is valuable in the treatment of angina and a weak or failing heart, but it can be toxic even at quite low doses and so is rarely used this way[254]. The flowers are the part most commonly used[4, 232], they are harvested when fully open and dried - the receptacles are sometimes removed since these are liable to be attacked by insects[4]. The root is also used, it is harvested after the leaves have died down in the autumn and dried for later use[4]. The whole plant is antiecchymotic, antiphlogistic, nervine, sternutatory, vulnerary[4, 7, 9, 46, 165]. Although a very valuable remedy, it should be used with caution. It has been known to cause contact dermatitis when used externally and collapse when taken internally[238]. Only take it internally under the supervision of a qualified practitioner. The freshly crushed flowers cause sneezing if inhaled[232]. The leaves have also been smoked as a tobacco[232], though it is unclear whether this was for medicinal reasons The whole plant, harvested when in flower, is used in homeopathic remedies[232]. It is especially useful in the treatment of traumatic injuries, sores and bruises[232]. The homeopathic dose has also been used effectively in the treatment of epilepsy and seasickness, and it might be of use as a hair growth stimulant[268].

Other Uses

Hair.

This plant is used as a hair conditioner[172]. No further details are given.

Cultivation details

Prefers a moist, well-drained humus rich soil, preferably lime-free[200]. This species is more lime tolerant than other members of the genus[200]. Prefers a mixture of sand, loam and peat[1]. Closely related to A. montana[268].

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Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a cold frame[200]. Only just cover the seed and make sure that the compost does not dry out. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Division in spring[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Arnica cordifoliaHeartleaf Arnica02
Arnica diversifoliaRayless arnica01
Arnica fulgensHillside Arnica, Foothill arnica02
Arnica montanaArnica, Mountain arnica03
Senecio pseudoarnicaSeaside Ragwort11

 

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Author

(L.)I.K.Ferguson.

Botanical References

60200

Links / References

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Subject : Arnica angustifolia alpina  
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