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Arctostaphylos pungens - Kunth.

Common Name Pointleaf Manzanita
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Gravelly soils in sunny places in the Chaparral[181].
Range Southern N. America - Mexico.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Arctostaphylos pungens Pointleaf Manzanita


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
Arctostaphylos pungens Pointleaf Manzanita
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 
Arctostaphylos pungens is an evergreen Shrub. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[257]. An agreeable acid flavour but the fruit is dry and mealy[95]. Hard to digest, the fruit should be eaten in moderation[95]. It can be dried and ground into a powder and then used as mush or as a flavouring in soups etc[257]. A cooling drink can be made from the fruit[161, 257].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Skin.

An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of diarrhoea[257]. An infusion is also used in the treatment of the rash caused by poison oak, Toxicodendron diversiloba[257].

Other Uses

Dye;  Fuel;  Wood.

A yellowish-brown dye is obtained from the leaves, it does not require a mordant[168]. The wood makes a good fuel, producing a long-lasting hot fire[257]. The hard wood has been used for making small tools, awl handles etc[257].

Cultivation details

Requires a deep moist well-drained light or medium lime-free loam in sun or semi-shade[3, 11, 166, 200], but plants produce less fruit when they are grown in the shade[200]. This species is closely related to A. manzanita[11]. Plants resent root disturbance and should be placed in their final positions as soon as possible[11, 134].

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe. Pre-soak dried seed in boiling water for 10 - 20 seconds or burn some straw on top of them and then stratify at 2 - 5°c for 2 months[11, 200]. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 months at 15°c[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Cuttings of side shoots of the current season's growth, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August to December in a frame. The cuttings are very slow and can take a year to root[1, 78]. Division in early spring. Take care because the plant resents root disturbance. Pot the divisions up and keep them in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are growing away actively. Layering in spring[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Arctostaphylos alpinaAlpine Bearberry21
Arctostaphylos columbianaHairy Manzanita21
Arctostaphylos glaucaBigberry Manzanita22
Arctostaphylos manzanitaManzanita, Whiteleaf manzanita, Konocti manzanita, Contra Costa manzanita, Roof's manzanita, Wieslan31
Arctostaphylos nevadensisPine-Mat Manzanita21
Arctostaphylos parryanaParry Manzanita10
Arctostaphylos patulaGreenleaf Manzanita31
Arctostaphylos stanfordianaStanford's manzanita, Rincon manzanita30
Arctostaphylos tomentosaDowny Manzanita, Woollyleaf manzanita, Brittleleaf manzanita, Dacite manzanita, Rosy manzanita, San33
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiBearberry34
Vaccinium arctostaphylosCaucasian Whortleberry30

 

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Expert comment

Author

Kunth.

Botanical References

11

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Jose Waizel-Bucay   Thu Jan 1 2009

Synonim: Arctostaphylos manzanita Parry. Common names: Pinguica (Spanish),

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