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Arbutus andrachne - L.

Common Name Grecian StrawberryTree
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Evergreen scrub and rocky slopes[45] on limestone, serpentine and igneous rocks in areas that are very dry in summer[184].
Range S.E. Europe. W. Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Arbutus andrachne Grecian StrawberryTree


(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future
Arbutus andrachne Grecian StrawberryTree
(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Arbutus andrachne is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Mar to April, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats

Hedge;  Hedge;  Secondary;  Sunny Edge;  Woodland Garden.

Evergreen scrub and rocky slopes[45] on limestone, serpentine and igneous rocks in areas that are very dry in summer[184].

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 22, 46, 105, 183, K]. A luscious, juicy texture with a sweet but insipid flavour[K]. Many people do not like eating more than a few of the raw fruits, though I find them very acceptable[K]. They make a good cooked fruit in preserves etc[K]. The fruit is about 15mm in diameter[200].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Hedge;  Hedge;  Wood.

Plants can be grown as a hedge, they are tolerant of some trimming[188]. Wood - hard, close-grained.

Cultivation details

Requires a nutrient-rich well-drained moisture-retentive soil in a sunny position with shelter from cold drying winds, especially when young[200]. Requires a lime-free soil according to some reports[1, 134], but it thrives on a limy soil according to other reports[11, 182, 200]. Established plants are drought tolerant. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[184]. The flowers are sweetly scented[245]. Dislikes being transplanted, it should be placed in its final position whilst young, giving some protection in its first winter outdoors[11, 134]. Plants are very slow growing. Most plants cultivated under this name are in fact A. x andrachnoides 'Serratula'[200].

Propagation

Seed - best surface sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed should be soaked for 5 - 6 days in warm water and then surface sown in a shady position in a greenhouse[78]. Do not allow the compost to become dry. 6 weeks cold stratification helps[134]. The seed usually germinates well in 2 - 3 months at 20°c[134]. Seedlings are prone to damp off[184], they are best transplanted to individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and should be kept well ventilated. Grow them on in a greenhouse for their first winter and then plant out in late spring after the last expected frosts[K]. Basal cuttings in late winter[200]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, November/December in a frame. Poor percentage[78]. Layering of young wood - can take 2 years[1, 200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Arbutus arizonicaArizona Maderone21
Arbutus canariensisCanary Madrona20
Arbutus menziesiiMadrona, Pacific madrone, Pacific Madrone32
Arbutus texanaTexas Madrone21
Arbutus unedoStrawberry Tree42
Arbutus x andrachnoides 40
Arbutus xalapensisMadrono, Texas madrone20
Epigaea repensMayflower, Trailing arbutus, Ground Laurel22

 

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Botanical References

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