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Aralia chinensis - L.

Common Name Chinese Angelica Tree, Pumila Spirea, Chinese Astilbe
Family Araliaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards The bark is considered to be slightly poisonous[218].
Habitats Forests on rich well moistened soil[74].
Range E. Asia - China
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade
Aralia chinensis Chinese Angelica Tree, Pumila Spirea, Chinese Astilbe


Aralia chinensis Chinese Angelica Tree, Pumila Spirea, Chinese Astilbe

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Summary

Bloom Color: Pink, White. Main Bloom Time: Late summer. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Aralia chinensis is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3.5 m (11ft 6in) at a medium rate.
It is frost tender. It is in flower from Aug to September, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

A. elata.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Young shoots - cooked[46, 61, 105, 177]. Used as a vegetable[206]. Blanched and used in salads[116]. Although no records of edibility have been seen for the seed, it is said to contain 5.8 - 17.5% protein, 4.2 - 46.3% fat and 3.7 - 5.7% ash[218].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anodyne;  Carminative;  Diuretic;  Sialagogue.

The stem and root are anodyne and carminative[147, 218]. It is used as a warming painkilling herb in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis[238]. The root is also considered to be useful in the treatment of diabetes and dysmenorrhoea[218]. Some caution is advised since the bark is considered to be slightly poisonous[218]. The stembark is diuretic and sialagogue[218].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Massing, Rock garden, Woodland garden. Prefers a good deep loam and a semi-shady position[1, 11, 200]. Requires a sheltered position[1]. Plants are hardier when grown in poorer soils[200]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. This species is closely allied to A. elata[11]. A very ornamental plant[1, 11]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, Suitable for dried flowers.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed requires 3 - 5 months of cold stratification. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 4 months at 20°c[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse for at least their first winter. Once the plants are 25cm or more tall, they can be planted out into their permanent positions, late spring or early summer being the best time to do this. Root cuttings 8cm long, December in a cold frame[11, 78]. Store the roots upside down in sand and pot up in March/April. High percentage[78]. Division of suckers in late winter[11]. Very easy, the suckers can be planted out direct into their permanent positions if required.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Aralia continentalisManchurian Spikenard20
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Aralia elataJapanese Angelica Tree, Angelica Tree22
Aralia hispidaBristly Sarsaparilla11
Aralia mandschuricaManchurian Angelica Tree22
Aralia nudicaulisWild Sarsaparilla43
Aralia racemosaAmerican Spikenard33
Aralia schmidtiiSakhalin Spikenard20
Aralia spinosaHercule's Club, Aralia spinosa, American Angelica Tree, Hercules' Club, Devil's Walking Stick22
Eleutherococcus chiisanensis 20
Eleutherococcus divaricatus 20
Eleutherococcus gracylistylusWu Jia Pi13
Eleutherococcus innovansTaka-No-Tsume10
Eleutherococcus japonicus 10
Eleutherococcus senticosusSiberian Ginseng25
Eleutherococcus seoulensis 10
Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus 23
Eleutherococcus sieboldianusUkogi, Five Leafed Aralia30
Eleutherococcus spinosus 22
Eleutherococcus trifoliatus 11
Hedera helixIvy, English ivy, Algerian ivy, Baltic Ivy, Common Ivy03
Hedera nepalensisNepal Ivy02
Kalopanax sciadophylloides 10
Kalopanax septemlobusTree Aralia, Castor aralia21
Kirkophytum lyallii 10
Oplopanax horridusDevil's Club22
Panax ginsengGinseng, Chinese ginseng25
Panax japonicusJapanese Ginseng11
Panax pseudoginsengGinseng, Japanese ginseng13
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Author

L.

Botanical References

1174200

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