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Apocynum pictum - Schrenk

Common Name Kendyr
Family Apocynaceae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats Salt-barren areas, desert margins, riversides[266].
Range Central Asia - Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, western China, Mongolia
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Apocynum pictum Kendyr


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Apocynum pictum Kendyr
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Apocynum pictum is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Apocynum grandiflorum Danguy. Apocynum hendersonii Hook.f. Poacynum hendersonii (Hook.f.) Woodson. Poacynum pictum (Schrenk) Baill.

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


The leaves yield up to 5% gum (?latex), which is used for making a medicine used as a sedative and to treat hypertension[266]. The species has fragrant flowers and is grown as a honey plant[266].

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Other Uses

Agroforestry Uses: The fragrant flowers are a good source of honey for bees[266 ]. Other Uses: The strong bast fibres obtained from the inner bark are used in making cloth, strings, sails, fishing nests, and high-quality paper[266 ]. The leaves yield up to 5% gum, which is used for making rubber[266 ]. Carbon Farming: Industrial Crop: fiber. The dogbane-milkweed family Asclepias, Apocynum, Calotropis, and Trachomitum spp) has been used for fiber industrial crops for millennia with a number in cultivation as regional crops. All of these crops are dual-purpose fibres, offering bast fibres from the stem and seed fiber or ‘floss’ in the fruit pods. Many have also been identified as potential hydrocarbon crops due to high latex content. Could be integrated into various agroforestry systems rather than as monocultures [1-1].

Cultivation details

Industrial Crop: Fiber  Management: Hay  Regional Crop

Species in this genus generally succeed in sun or shade in most well-drained but moisture-retentive soils[1 , 200 ]. The species has fragrant flowers and is grown as a honey plant[266 ]. Apocynum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the mouse moth and the Queen butterfly. Climate: cold to warm temperate. Humidity: arid to semi-arid. Carbon Farming - Cultivation: regional crop. Management: hay.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in late summer and overwintered outdoors. The seed requires a period of cold stratification if it is to germinate well[238]. Prick out the seedlings when large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting out in late spring of the following year[K] . Division in spring just before active growth begins[200]. Plants can also be divided in the autumn[238].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Dogbane or Indian hemp

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Native to parts of China (Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang), Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

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Author

Schrenk

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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Subject : Apocynum pictum  
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