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Aphananthe aspera - (Thunb.)Planch.

Common Name
Family Ulmaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Lowlands and hills, C. and S. Japan[58]. Hills, valleys, stream sides and slopes at elevations of 100 - 600 metres (500 - 1000 metres in E and N China)[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Aphananthe aspera


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
Aphananthe aspera
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

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Aphananthe aspera is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Celtis muka. Homoioceltis aspera. Prunus aspera.

Habitats

Canopy;  Woodland Garden.

Lowlands and hills, C. and S. Japan[58]. Hills, valleys, stream sides and slopes at elevations of 100 - 600 metres (500 - 1000 metres in E and N China)[266].

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit[105, 177]. The fruit is about 6 - 8mm in diameter[200].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Fibre;  Paper;  Sandpaper;  Wood.

The leaves, gathered in autumn, are used as a sandpaper on wood[46, 61]. The fibre from the bark is used for manufacturing ropes and staple rayon[266]. The wood is fine and strong[266].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most soils, including dry gravels, but prefers a deep fertile soil[200]. Plants are frost tender when young but they are able to regrow from the base if cut back[11]. A tree growing outdoors at Kew Botanical Gardens has reached a height of 8 metres[11].

Propagation

Seed - it probably requires 2 - 3 months stratification. It is best to sow the seed as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, otherwise sow as soon as possible in the year. Remove any pulp from the seed before sowing it[200]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter before planting them out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Thunb.)Planch.

Botanical References

1158200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

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Subject : Aphananthe aspera  
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