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Annona salzmannii - A.DC.

Common Name Beach Sugar Apple
Family Annonaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry forest areas on tree-covered sand dunes and in coastal forests[ 416 , 625 ].
Range S. America - eastern Brazil.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Annona salzmannii Beach Sugar Apple


Annona salzmannii Beach Sugar Apple

 

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Summary

Beach sugar apple or Annona salzmannii is a tropical, evergreen tree native to Brazil that can grow up to 12 - 15 m tall. It has an elongated, fairly open crown. The leaves are thick and leathery. Near the axils of the leaves are the flowers that occur either alone or in pairs. The heart-shaped, orange fruit of beach sugar apple has a very sweet, succulent pulp that is fibreless and very appetizing. It can be eaten raw, fresh from the tree. The wood is used for fuel and charcoal-making.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Annona salzmannii is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

No synonyms are recorded for this name.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw[ 377 ]. The succulent pulp is very sweet, fibreless and very tasty[ 377 , 416 , 625 ]. The green skinned fruit can be 10cm long and 9cm wide, weighing up to 450g[ 377 , 625 ].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

Other uses rating: Low (2/5). Other Uses: The wood is light in weight, with moderate resistance to insect attack, difficult to saw and cut[ 625 ]. It is only used for fuel and to make charcoal[ 625 ].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

A plant of lowland tropical areas[ 377 , 416 ]. Prefers a sunny position[ 625 ]. Prefers a well-drained, sandy soil[ 625 ]. Succeeds on saline soils[ 625 ].

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Propagation

Seed - it has a very hard outer layer and germinates much more easily if scarified[ 625 ]. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing. Sow the seeds in individual containers in a lightly shaded position. Germination rates of scarified seeds can above 95%, with the seeds sprouting within 40 - 50 days[ 625 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Beach sugar apple or Annona salzmannii

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Found In: Brazil, South America.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

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Annona atemoyaAtemoyaTree8.0 10-12 FLMHND402
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Annona liebmannianaPosh-teTree20.0 0-0 FLMHSNMWe400
Annona mucosaWild SweetsopTree12.0 10-12 FLMHNM512
Annona muricataSour SopTree7.0 10-12 FLMHSNM432
Annona squamosaSugar Apple, Sweetsop, Custard AppleTree6.0 10-12 SLMNDM522
Annona vepretorumAraticum, Pinha da Caatinga, Araticum-da-bahiaTree6.0 10-12 SLMHND402
Asimina trilobaPapawShrub4.5 5-8 SMNM422
Cananga odorataYlang Ylang, Perfume TreeTree20.0 10-12 FLMHSNM234
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Oxandra laurifoliaYaya, lancewoodTree10.0 10-12 MLMHNM004

 

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Author

A.DC.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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