We have recently published ‘Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions’: i.e. tropical and sub-tropical regions. We rely on regular donations to keep our free database going and help fund development of this and another book we are planning on food forest plants for Mediterranean climates. Please give what you can to keep PFAF properly funded. More >>>

Follow Us:


Annona liebmanniana - Baill.

Common Name Hardshell custard-apple, Posh-te
Family Annonaceae
USDA hardiness 9-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Moist or wet, mixed forest at elevations of 1,800 metres or less, chiefly near sea level[331].
Range Central America - south Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Annona liebmanniana Hardshell custard-apple, Posh-te

Annona liebmanniana Hardshell custard-apple, Posh-te


Translate this page:


Posh-te or Annona liebmanniana is an evergreen tree that usually grows up to 20 m in height. It can be found in Central America particularly in South Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras. It is known for its delicious and aromatic fruit that is best eaten raw fresh from the tree. The fruit's flesh is soft-textured and cream in color while its exocarp is thick. Seeds are large, up to 2cm long.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Annona liebmanniana is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10 and is frost tender.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil. The plant is not wind tolerant.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Annona scleroderma Saff. Annona testudinea Saff.

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw. Delicious and aromatic, it is best eaten fresh from the plant[ 46 , 301 ]. A richer flavour than the soursop (A. muricata) with a suggestion of the flavour of the white sapote (Casimiroa edulis)[ 301 ]. A creamy banana-pineapple like flavour, it is said to be one of the most flavourful and refreshing fruits in the genus[ 377 ]. The fruit has an agreeable flavour, it is 8 - 10cm in diameter, but the seeds are very large, up to 2cm long[ 331 ].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

The Bookshop: Edible Plant Books

Our Latest books on Perennial Plants For Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens in paperback or digital formats.

Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions: 250+ Plants For Tropical Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.
Edible Tropical Plants

Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions: 250+ Plants For Tropical Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.

Plants for Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.
Edible Temperate Plants

Plants for Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.

PFAF have eight books available in paperback and digital media.
More Books

PFAF have eight books available in paperback and digital formats. Browse the shop for more information.

Shop Now

Other Uses

None Known

Special Uses

Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

A plant of the moister, lowland tropics, usually growing near sea level but also found at elevations up to 1,800 metres[ 331 ]. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 23° - 26°c, but can tolerate 8° - 32°c[ 418 ]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 3,500 - 4,500mm, but tolerates 3,000 - 5,000mm[ 418 ]. Young trees seem to grow better in shade, but older trees grow well in sunny positions[ 418 ]. Prefers a moist, well-drained, sandy loam with a pH of around 6[ 200 ]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 6.5, tolerating 4.5 - 7[ 418 ]. The tree may suffer from wind damage on exposed sites[ 418 ]. Trees can commence fruiting in just 4 years from seed, by which time they are 4 - 6 metres tall[ 377 , 418 ]. Trees flower on the previous year's growth[ 377 ]. The fruit of this species has a thick exocarp, making it suitable for long-distant transport[ 317 ]. This gives it potential in breeding programmes with other members of the genus to develop fruits with thick skins suitable for shipping[ 46 ].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:



The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

Shop Now

Plant Propagation

Seed - usually breeds true to type[ 200 ]. Sow in individual pots, not deeper than 2cm, at 21c[ 200 ]. The seed of many species in this genus has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[ K ]. Semi-ripe cuttings[ 200 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Posh-te tree, Hardshell custard-apple, Posh te custard-apple

Native Plant Search

Search over 900 plants ideal for food forests and permaculture gardens. Filter to search native plants to your area. The plants selected are the plants in our book 'Plants For Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens, as well as plants chosen for our forthcoming related books for Tropical/Hot Wet Climates and Mediterranean/Hot Dry Climates. Native Plant Search

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Found In: Belize, Central America, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, North America.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Minor host of: Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Annona atemoyaAtemoyaTree8.0 10-12 FLMHND502
Annona cherimolaCherimoya, Custard AppleTree9.0 8-12 FLMHNDM522
Annona mucosaWild SweetsopTree12.0 10-12 FLMHNM512
Annona muricataSour SopTree7.0 10-12 FLMHSNM432
Annona salzmanniiBeach Sugar AppleTree12.0 10-12 SLMSNM402
Annona squamosaSugar Apple, Sweetsop, Custard AppleTree6.0 10-12 SLMNDM522
Annona vepretorumAraticum, Pinha da Caatinga, Araticum-da-bahiaTree6.0 10-12 SLMHND402
Asimina trilobaPapawShrub4.5 5-8 SMSNM423
Cananga odorataYlang Ylang, Perfume TreeTree20.0 10-12 FLMHSNM234
Oxandra lanceolataBlack lancewood, lancewood, haya prietaTree10.0 10-12 MLMHNM004
Oxandra laurifoliaYaya, lancewoodTree10.0 10-12 MLMHNM004

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


Expert comment



Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Annona liebmanniana  
© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567.