Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available.

Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

Read More

Edible Shrubs Book
Follow Us:

 

Aniba rosaeodora - Ducke

Common Name Brazilian Rosewood, Rosewood-oil tree
Family Lauraceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats An understorey tree in lowland to submontane, non-seasonal, rainforest, especially on clay soils, developing well in forest clearings[ 238 , 349 ]. Also recorded from areas of mountain savannah forest at elevations up to 1,280 metres[ 349 ].
Range Northern S. America - northern Brazil, Surinam, French Guiana.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Aniba rosaeodora Brazilian Rosewood, Rosewood-oil tree


Aniba rosaeodora Brazilian Rosewood, Rosewood-oil tree

 

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary

Brazilian Rosewood (Aniba rosaeodora) is an endangered species that grows in parts of the tropical rainforest of South America. It is a fragrant evergreen tree with a narrow, ellipsoid crown and grows up to 30 m in height and 2 m in diameter. The leaves are leathery and narrowly oval in shape. The dull red flowers group together. The fruit is a drupe. It is known as a great source of rosewood oil, an essential oil which is commercially used especially in perfume and baked goods. However, extraction process requires taking down the whole tree from the wild. The essential oil, like the bark, is used as well as treatment for acne, coughs, colds, fevers, headaches, infections, dermatitis, frigidity, nausea, nervous tension, and wounds. It is also used in skin care. The wood is used for furniture, boat or canoe, flooring, and tool handles among others. Other Names: Cara-cara, Pau rosa, Pala rosa.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Aniba rosaeodora is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 15 m (49ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Aniba duckei Kosterm.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Oil.
Edible Uses: Oil.

The essential oil from the wood is used as a flavouring in commercial foods such as confectionary, chewing gum, baked goods and frozen desserts[ 238 , 301 ].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



The bark and the essential oil obtained from the wood are analgesic, antibacterial, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, antimicrobial, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, deodorant, stimulant and tonic[ 318 ]. They are used in the treatment of acne, colds, coughs, dermatitis, fevers, frigidity, headaches, infections, nausea, nervous tension, skin care and wounds[ 318 ].

Other Uses

Oil.

Other uses rating: High (4/5). Agroforestry Uses: A pioneer species, growing well in open spaces[ 349 ]. Other Uses The wood contains a volatile essential oil[ 46 ]. It is used in perfumery[ 46 ]. Rosewood oil contains high concentrations of linalool, which can be transformed into a number of derivatives for the flavour and fragrances industry[ 349 ]. The oil has for a long time been used in the preparation of more expensive perfumes and at one time in fragrant soaps[ 349 ]. The lustrous yellow wood is used for making chests and drawers[ 46 ]. The timber is also of some commercial value in furniture-making, turnery, boat or canoe building, millwork, flooring, plywood, veneer and the making of agricultural implements and tool handles[ 349 ].

Cultivation details

A plant of lowland to medium elevations in the moist tropics. A light-demanding species, even when young[ 349 ]. Found mainly on clay soils in the wild[ 349 ]. When the essential oil is wanted, the tree is harvested when 10 - 15 years old and chipped for steam distillation[ 238 ].

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a lightly shaded position in a seedbed or in individual containers. The seed needs light to germinate[ 238 , 420 ]. A low germination rate can usually be expected, with the seed sprouting within 35 - 56 days[ 420 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Brazilian Rosewood, Rosewood-oil tree. Other Names: Cara-cara, Pau rosa, Pala rosa.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Found In: Amazon, Brazil, Guiana, Guyana, Mexico, North America, South America, Suriname, Venezuela.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Endangered

Related Plants

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

Ducke

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

Readers comment

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Aniba rosaeodora  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.