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Angelica sylvestris - L.

Common Name Wild Angelica,Woodland angelica
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards All members of this genus contain furocoumarins, which increase skin sensitivity to sunlight and may cause dermatitis[238].
Habitats Moist fields and hedgerows, open woods, marshes and fens, not usually found on acid soils[7, 13].
Range Most of Europe, including Britain, to W. Asia and Siberia.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Angelica sylvestris Wild Angelica,Woodland angelica


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Angelica_silvestris0.jpg
Angelica sylvestris Wild Angelica,Woodland angelica
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:TeunSpaans

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Angelica sylvestris is a BIENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

A. montana. Brot.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; Hedgerow;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves;  Root;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Condiment.

Leaves, young shoots and stems - used as an aromatic addition to salads[7], or cooked and used as a vegetable[2, 5, 8, 13, 183]. The taste is somewhat bitter[5]. The chopped leaves are a good addition to cooked acid fruits, especially rhubarb[183]. The stem and leafstalks are used in candies and sweetmeats[2, 46, 105, 183]. Seed - used as an aromatic flavouring in confections and pastries[2, 7]. Root - cooked[2].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antispasmodic;  Carminative;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Expectorant;  Parasiticide;  Stimulant;  Stomachic;  
Tonic.

The root and the seeds are antispasmodic, aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, stimulant, stomachic, and tonic[7, 13, 21, 147, 218]. This plant is less rich in active principles than A. archangelica and so is much less used medicinally than that species[9, 244], but a decoction is sometimes used in the treatment of bronchial catarrh, coughs and dyspepsia[9]. Large doses have the effect of depressing the central nervous system[7].

Other Uses

Dye;  Parasiticide.

The pulverized fruits are used to kill head parasites[46, 61]. A good yellow dye is obtained from the plant (the report does not specify which part of the plant)[4].

Cultivation details

Requires a deep moist fertile soil in dappled shade or full sun[200]. Succeeds in deep shade. Plants are reliably perennial if they are prevented from setting seed[200].

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe since the seed only has a short viability[200]. Seed can also be sown in the spring, though germination rates will be lower. It requires light for germination[200]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in the spring. The seed can also be sow in situ as soon as it is ripe.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Angelica acutilobaDong Dang Gui21
Angelica anomala 02
Angelica archangelicaAngelica, Norwegian angelica33
Angelica atropurpureaPurplestem Angelica22
Angelica crucifolia 20
Angelica dahuricaBai Zhi23
Angelica decursiva 22
Angelica edulis 20
Angelica genuflexaKneeling Angelica21
Angelica gigasGiant Angelica, Purple Parsnip, Korean Angelica22
Angelica glauca 21
Angelica japonica 30
Angelica keiskei 20
Angelica koreana 20
Angelica laxiflora 01
Angelica megaphylla 20
Angelica montana 20
Angelica polymorpha 22
Angelica pubescensDu Huo23
Angelica sinensisDang Gui - Dong Quai - Chinese Angelica05
Angelica uchiyamanae 01
Angelica ursina 20
Aralia chinensisChinese Angelica Tree, Pumila Spirea, Chinese Astilbe22
Aralia elataJapanese Angelica Tree, Angelica Tree22
Aralia mandschuricaManchurian Angelica Tree22
Aralia spinosaHercule's Club, Aralia spinosa, American Angelica Tree, Hercules' Club, Devil's Walking Stick22

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17

Links / References

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Readers comment

Marinella Zepigi Pessina   Sun Oct 29 2006

Il Forum dei Funghi e Fiori in Italia - Micologia e Botanica

   Thu Nov 16 2006

is this plant like a wild celery?

Ken Fern, Plants for a Future   Mon Nov 20 2006

This plant is in the same family as celery, but has quite different properties and flavour.

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