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Anemone virginiana - L.

Common Name Tall Thimbleweed
Family Ranunculaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, many members of this genus contain protoanemonin, an irritating acrid oil that is an enzymatic breakdown product of the glycoside ranunculin. While protoanemonin can cause severe topical and gastrointestinal irritation, it is unstable and changes into harmless anemonin when plants are dried or heated[4, 10, 19, 65, 270].
Habitats Dry open woods[222]. Dry, rocky, open woods, thickets and river banks from sea level to 2000 metres[270].
Range Central and Eastern N. America - Nova Scotia to South Carolina, Kansas, Alberta and Arkansas.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade
Anemone virginiana Tall Thimbleweed


Anemone virginiana Tall Thimbleweed
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Anemone virginiana is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower in July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Astringent  Emetic  Expectorant  Poultice

The root and seeds are astringent, emetic and expectorant[222]. A decoction of the roots was used in the treatment of TB, whooping cough and diarrhoea[222, 257]. The root is pulverised and used as a wet poultice in the treatment of boils[213, 222, 257].

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Succeeds in ordinary garden soil but prefers a moist well-drained woodland soil[1, 200]. Prefers a moist peaty soil in some shade[187]. Tolerates drought during its summer dormancy[200]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233]. A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[54].

References

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in the summer[1]. Surface sow or only just cover the seed and keep the soil moist. Sow stored seed as soon as possible in late winter or early spring. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 6 months at 20°c[133]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on for at least their first year in a lightly shaded place in a greenhouse. When large enough, plant them out into their permanent positions in the spring. Division in late summer after the plant dies down.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Anemone altaica Perennial0.2 -  LMHSM01 
Anemone canadensisCanadian AnemonePerennial0.6 3-7 MLMHSM02 
Anemone cylindricaCandle AnemonePerennial0.5 4-8  LMHSM02 
Anemone flaccida Perennial0.1 5-9  LMHFSM10 
Anemone narcissifloraNarcissus-Flowered Anemone, Narcissus anemonePerennial0.6 3-7  LMHSNM10 
Anemone nemorosaWood Anemone, European thimbleweedPerennial0.2 4-8 FLMHFSNDM01 
Anemone nikoensis Perennial0.3 5-9  LMHFSNDM10 
Anemone obtusiloba Perennial0.3 4-8  LMHNM01 
Anemone quinquefoliaWind Flower, Wood anemone, Twoleaf anemone, NightcapsPerennial0.3 6-9  LMHFSM01 
Anemone rivularisCao Yu MeiPerennial0.6 6-9  LMFSNM12 
Anemone stolonifera Perennial0.2 -  LMHSNM10 
Anemone vitifolia Perennial1.0 4-8  LMSM02 
Anemonella thalictroidesRue-AnemonePerennial0.1 4-7 SLFSM21 
Pulsatilla patensPasque Flower, Eastern pasqueflower, Cutleaf anemonePerennial0.5 4-8  LMNM02 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

200235

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