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Anemone canadensis - L.

Common Name Canadian Anemone
Family Ranunculaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, many members of this genus contain protoanemonin, an irritating acrid oil that is an enzymatic breakdown product of the glycoside ranunculin. While protoanemonin can cause severe topical and gastrointestinal irritation, it is unstable and changes into harmless anemonin when plants are dried or heated[4, 10, 19, 65, 270].
Habitats Damp thickets, meadows, wet prairies, lake shores, streamsides, clearings and occasionally swampy areas at elevations from 200 - 2800 metres[270].
Range Eastern and Central N. America from Labrador to Massachusetts, Illinois and Colorado.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade
Anemone canadensis Canadian Anemone


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Anemone canadensis Canadian Anemone
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Summary

Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Irregular or sprawling.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Anemone canadensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Meadow;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Anthelmintic;  Antiaphonic;  Antiseptic;  Astringent;  Ophthalmic;  Styptic.

The roots and leaves are astringent and styptic[222]. The root and leaves of this plant was one of the most highly esteemed medicines of the Omaha and Ponca Indians[207]. A decoction of the root was used as an anthelmintic and to treat pain in the lumbar region[257]. An infusion of the root was used as an eye wash to treat crossed eyes, twitches and eye poisoning[257]. A wash of the pounded boiled root or of the leaves was applied externally to wounds, nosebleeds, sores etc[213, 222, 257]. The root contains anemonin, which is said to be a potent antiseptic[213]. A tea of the roots was used in the treatment of headaches and dizziness[213]. The root was eaten to clear the throat so that a person could sing well[257].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Woodland garden. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil but prefers a well-drained woodland soil and some shade[200]. An easily grown plant, preferring a sunny position[233]. Plants succeed in maritime gardens[233]. Hardy to at least -20°c[187]. This species is closely related to A. virginiana[200]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233]. A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[54]. A good woodland plant[1, 187]. Special Features:North American native, Naturalizing, Suitable for cut flowers.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in the summer[1]. Surface sow or only just cover the seed and keep the soil moist. Sow stored seed as soon as possible in late winter or early spring. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 6 months at 15°c[133]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least their first year. When the plants are large enough, plant them out in the spring. Division in late summer after the plant dies down.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Anemone altaica 01
Anemone cylindricaCandle Anemone02
Anemone flaccida 10
Anemone narcissifloraNarcissus-Flowered Anemone, Narcissus anemone10
Anemone nemorosaWood Anemone, European thimbleweed01
Anemone nikoensis 10
Anemone obtusiloba 01
Anemone quinquefoliaWind Flower, Wood anemone, Twoleaf anemone, Nightcaps01
Anemone rivularisCao Yu Mei12
Anemone stolonifera 10
Anemone virginianaTall Thimbleweed01
Anemone vitifolia 02
Anemonella thalictroidesRue-Anemone21
Pulsatilla patensPasque Flower, Eastern pasqueflower, Cutleaf anemone02

 

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Botanical References

200270

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