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Anacolosa frutescens - (Blume) Blume

Common Name Galo Nut, Kopi gunung, Tangki leuweung, Belian landak.
Family Olacaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Lowland and submontane forest, mixed Dipterocarp forest, by streams in kerangas forest, sometimes in peat swamp forest and secondary forest, occasionally on limestone, from sea-level to 700 metres, rarely to 1,400 metres[ 451 ].
Range Southeastern Asia - Myanmar, through Malaysia to Indonesia and the Philippines.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade
Anacolosa frutescens Galo Nut, Kopi gunung, Tangki leuweung, Belian landak.

Anacolosa frutescens Galo Nut, Kopi gunung, Tangki leuweung, Belian landak.
Copyright © 2012 by P.B. Pelser & J.F. Barcelona


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Anacolosa frutescens or commonly known as Galo is a tropical tree of up to 5 - 25 m tall that is found in the Philippines and in other South East Asian countries. Its leaves are pointed at both ends and in an alternate arrangement. The small flowers, which are in small clusters, are yellow in color. The fruit is a drupe, fleshy with a stone inside, and is yellow to orange in color. Both seed and fruit are edible - eaten raw or cooked. The nuts are thin-shelled and have good flavour and quality. Wood is hard and heavy but not durable and commonly used for house posts. The plant is grown from seed, air-layering, or cleft grafting. It has slow germination and early growth rate. It is also known as Galo nut, Kopi gunung, Tangki leuweung, Belian landak.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Anacolosa frutescens is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Anacolosa arborea Koord. & Valeton Anacolosa celebica Valeton ex Koord. Anacolosa heptandra Maingay

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Seed
Edible Uses:

Edible portion: Nut, Fruit, Seeds. Seed - raw or cooked[ 301 ]. The thin-shelled nuts are of good flavour and quality, they are said to have the flavour of a mixture of sweet corn and chestnuts[ 301 , 324 ]. They contain 3.9 - 11.1% protein, 1.8 - 8% fat and 33.4 - 39'5% carbohydrate[ 301 ]. Fruit - raw or cooked[ 310 ]. Young fruits are delicious when boiled[ 301 ]. The pulp of mature fruits can be eaten cooked[ 301 ]. The yellow or orange fruit is a drupe, 15 - 25mm long, 12 - 20mm in diameter with a thin layer of pulp up to 6mm thick surrounding a single seed[ 324 ].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses


Other uses rating: Low (2/5). Other Uses: The pale, reddish-brown wood is hard and heavy, but not durable. It is used for house posts[ 324 , 451 ].

Special Uses

Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

A plant of the moist tropical lowlands, usually growing at elevations up to 700 metres, exceptionally to 1,400 metres. It prefers a climate without a pronounced dry season[ 310 ]. Prefers a position with some shade[ 310 ]. The trees appear to be highly variable, with some high-yielding forms having been noted[ 324 ]. Seedlings grow slowly, taking about a year to reach grafting size[ 310 ]. Germination and early growth is slow. A mature fruit weighs 8-16 g. A kernel weighs 0.8-2.8 g.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Plant Propagation

Seed - germination takes more than 100 days[ 324 ]. Cleft-grafting onto seedlings 1 year old or more is highly successful[ 324 ]. Air layering. Takes about 4 months[ 310 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Galo Nut, Kopi gunung, Tangki leuweung, Belian landak.

TROPICAL ASIA: India, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Myanmar, Thailand (east), Indonesia, Kalimantan, Sulawesi (northeast), Jawa, Maluku, Sumatera, Malaysia, Philippines,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


Expert comment


(Blume) Blume

Botanical References


Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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