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Ammi majus - L.

Common Name Bishop's Weed, Large bullwort, Queen Anne's Lace, Bishop's Flower
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards The root contains 8-methoxypsoralen, this stimulates the production of pigmentation in skin exposed to ultra-violet light, but it can cause side-effects. Use with caution[160]. Skin contact with the sap is said to cause photo-sensitivity and/or dermatitis in some people[218].
Habitats Waste places in Britain[17].
Range C. Europe to W. Asia and N. Africa. A casual in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Ammi majus Bishop


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Ammi majus Bishop
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Summary

Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Irregular or sprawling, Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Ammi majus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Cultivated Beds.

Waste places in Britain[17].

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

Seed - used as a condiment[177, 183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



The seed is contraceptive, diuretic and tonic[238]. An infusion is used to calm the digestive system, whilst it is also used in the treatment of asthma and angina[254]. A decoction of the ground-up seed, eaten after intercourse, appears able to prevent implantation of the fertilized ovum in the uterus[238]. This decoction is also used as a gargle in the treatment of toothache[238]. The seed contains furanocoumarins (including bergapten), which stimulate pigment production in skin that is exposed to bright sunlight[238, 254]. The plant is widely cultivated in India for these furanocoumarins which are used in the treatment of vitiligo (piebald skin) and psoriasis[238, 254].

Other Uses

Weather protection.

The root is chewed to give protection from strong sunlight. It contains 8-methoxypsoralen which stimulates production of pigment in skin exposed to U.V. light. Caution is advised, however, since it can cause side-effects[160]. Other reports suggest that it is the seeds that are used[238, 254].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Massing, Specimen. Prefers a well-drained soil in a sunny position[238], succeeding in ordinary garden soil. This species is often cultivated for its attractive flowering stems which are often sold in markets[238]. It is cultivated in India as a medicinal herb[238]. Special Features: Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Suitable for cut flowers.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring or autumn in situ[238].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Aconitum gammiei 01
Ammi visnagaVisnaga. Khella. Bishop's Weed, Toothpickweed15
Lepidogrammitis drymoglossoides 01
Persea gammieana 00
Trachyspermum ammiAjowan caraway23

 

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Botanical References

17

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