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Amelanchier intermedia - Spach.

Common Name June berry,
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Swamps and moist soils[235].
Range Eastern N. America - Vermont to North Carolina.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Amelanchier intermedia June berry,


(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future
Amelanchier intermedia June berry,
(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Amelanchier intermedia is a deciduous Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft) by 4 m (13ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from June to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Edible fruit - raw or cooked[11]. We have yet to see the fruit on this species, but if it is like the closely related A. lamarckii, then it will be sweet and succulent with a flavour of apples[K]. The fruit can also be dried for later use and is up to 10mm in diameter. The fruit is rich in iron and copper[226].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Prefers a rich loamy soil in a sunny position or semi-shade[1, 200] but thrives in any soil that is not too dry or water-logged[11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers an acid or neutral soil. Plants are hardy to about -25°c[184]. All members of this genus have edible fruits and, whilst this is dry and uninteresting in some species, in many others it is sweet and juicy. Many of the species have potential for use in the garden as edible ornamentals. The main draw-back to this genus is that birds adore the fruit and will often completely strip a tree before it is fully ripe[K]. Considerable confusion has existed between this species and A. arborea, A. canadensis and A. laevis, see [11] for the latest (1991) classification. Some botanists consider this species to be part of A. canadensis or A. lamarckii[11, 200]. A group of plants growing at Kew were about 5 years old in 1995. They were flowering well in early April, were about 2 metres tall and had lots of side branches[K]. Their native range was given as western N. America, which conflicts with other reports[K]. Older plants are being grown at Hilliers Arboretum in Hampshire, in early April 1999 they were 4 metres tall, suckering quite freely in a tight clump and flowering very freely[K]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. Grafting onto seedlings of Sorbus aucuparia is sometimes practised in order to avoid the potential problem of hybridizing[1].

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Propagation

Seed - it is best harvested 'green', when the seed is fully formed but before the seed coat has hardened, and then sown immediately in pots outdoors or in a cold frame. If stored seed is obtained early enough in the autumn, it can be given 4 weeks warm stratification before being left out in the winter and it should then germinate in the spring. Otherwise seed can be very slow to germinate, perhaps taking 18 months or more. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a sheltered outdoor position, planting them out once they are 20cm or more tall. If there is sufficient seed it is best to sow it thinly in an outdoor seedbed[78, 80]. Grow the seedlings on for two years in the seedbed before planting them out into their permanent positions during the winter. Layering in spring - takes 18 months[78]. Division of suckers in late winter. The suckers need to have been growing for 2 years before you dig them up, otherwise they will not have formed roots. They can be planted out straight into their permanent positions if required.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Britain, Europe, North America, USA,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Amelanchier alnifoliaSaskatoon, Saskatoon serviceberry, ServiceberryShrub4.0 4-6 MLMHSNM523
Amelanchier alnifolia cusickiiCusick's ServiceberryShrub3.0 0-0  LMHSNM410
Amelanchier alnifolia semiintegrifoliaPacific ServiceberryShrub3.0 0-0 SLMHSNM511
Amelanchier arboreaDowny Serviceberry, Alabama serviceberry, Juneberry, Common Serviceberry, Downy ServiceberryTree10.0 5-8 SLMHSNM312
Amelanchier asiaticaKorean JuneberryTree8.0 4-8  LMHSNM30 
Amelanchier bartramianaOblongfruit serviceberryShrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM300
Amelanchier basalticolaDwarf Service-berryShrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM400
Amelanchier canadensisJuneberry, Canadian serviceberry, Serviceberry Downy, Shadblow, Shadbush, ServiceberryShrub6.0 4-7 MLMHSNM414
Amelanchier confusa Shrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM500
Amelanchier humilisLow serviceberryShrub1.8 4-8  LMHSNM30 
Amelanchier huroensis Tree6.0 5-9  LMHSNM30 
Amelanchier interiorPacific serviceberryTree9.0 5-9  LMHSNM30 
Amelanchier laevisAllegheny Shadberry, Allegheny serviceberry, Smooth ServiceberryShrub9.0 5-8 MLMHSNM512
Amelanchier lamarckiiApple ServiceberryShrub6.0 3-3  LMHSNM500
Amelanchier obovalisSouthern Juneberry, Coastal serviceberryTree0.0 5-9  LMHSNM300
Amelanchier ovalisSnowy Mespilus, Dwarf Garden ServiceberryShrub5.0 5-7 SLMHNM20 
Amelanchier ovalis integrifolia Shrub4.0 5-9  LMHSNM20 
Amelanchier pallidaPale ServiceberryShrub4.0 -  LMHSNM31 
Amelanchier parviflora Shrub2.0 4-8  LMHNM20 
Amelanchier sanguineaRoundleaf Serviceberry, Gaspé serviceberryShrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNDM30 
Amelanchier spicata Shrub2.0 4-8  LMHSNM30 
Amelanchier stoloniferaQuebec Berry, Running serviceberryShrub1.5 4-8  LMHSNDM510
Amelanchier utahensisUtah Serviceberry, Coville's serviceberryShrub5.0 3-7  LMHSNDM312
Amelanchier weigandii Shrub5.0 5-9  LMHSNM30 
Amelanchier x grandifloraApple ServiceberryShrub6.0 4-7 SLMHSNM500

 

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