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Amelanchier asiatica - (Siebold.&Zucc.)Endl. ex Walp.

Common Name Korean Juneberry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Hilly and mountainous regions[58]. On slopes by streams, mixed forests at elevations of 1000 - 2000 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Amelanchier asiatica Korean Juneberry


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
Amelanchier asiatica Korean Juneberry
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Amelanchier asiatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 8 m (26ft) by 10 m (32ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

A. canadensis japonica. Aronia asiatica.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Edible fruit, raw or cooked[3, 105, 177]. Of good quality[183], the fruit is sweet and juicy, contains a few small seeds at the centre and has a hint of apple in the flavour[K]. The fruit is rich in iron and copper[226]. The fruit is up to 15mm in diameter[266].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Prefers a rich loamy soil in a sunny position or semi-shade[1, 200] but thrives in any soil, including chalk, so long as it is not too dry or water-logged[11, 200]. Plants succeed in quite shady positions but do not flower or fruit well there[K]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. All members of this genus have edible fruits and, whilst this is dry and uninteresting in some species, in many others it is sweet and juicy. Many of the species have potential for use in the garden as edible ornamentals. The main draw-back to this genus is that birds adore the fruit and will often completely strip a tree before it is fully ripe[K]. A very ornamental plant[1], it is closely allied to A. canadensis and A. laevis, and is also very similar to A. arborea[11]. The sub-species A. asiatica sinica C. Schneid. is found in China. It has smaller fruits than the type species[200]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. Grafting onto seedlings of A. lamarckii or Sorbus aucuparia is sometimes practised in order to avoid the potential problem of hybridizing[1].

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Propagation

Seed - it is best harvested 'green', when the seed is fully formed but before the seed coat has hardened, and then sown immediately in pots outdoors or in a cold frame. If stored seed is obtained early enough in the autumn, it can be given 4 weeks warm stratification before being left out in the winter and it should then germinate in the spring. Otherwise seed can be very slow to germinate, perhaps taking 18 months or more. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a sheltered outdoor position, planting them out once they are 20cm or more tall. If there is sufficient seed it is best to sow it thinly in an outdoor seedbed[78, 80]. Grow the seedlings on for two years in the seedbed before planting them out into their permanent positions during the winter. Layering in spring - takes 18 months[78]. Division of suckers in late winter. The suckers need to have been growing for 2 years before you dig them up, otherwise they will not have formed roots. They can be planted out straight into their permanent positions if required.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Amelanchier alnifoliaSaskatoon, Saskatoon serviceberry, Serviceberry52
Amelanchier alnifolia cusickiiCusick's Serviceberry41
Amelanchier alnifolia semiintegrifoliaPacific Serviceberry51
Amelanchier arboreaDowny Serviceberry, Alabama serviceberry, Juneberry, Common Serviceberry, Downy Serviceberry31
Amelanchier bartramianaOblongfruit serviceberry30
Amelanchier basalticolaDwarf Service-berry40
Amelanchier canadensisJuneberry, Canadian serviceberry, Serviceberry Downy, Shadblow, Shadbush, Serviceberry41
Amelanchier confusa 50
Amelanchier humilisLow serviceberry30
Amelanchier huroensis 30
Amelanchier interiorPacific serviceberry30
Amelanchier intermediaJune berry,30
Amelanchier laevisAllegheny Shadberry, Allegheny serviceberry, Smooth Serviceberry51
Amelanchier lamarckiiApple Serviceberry50
Amelanchier obovalisSouthern Juneberry, Coastal serviceberry30
Amelanchier ovalisSnowy Mespilus, Dwarf Garden Serviceberry20
Amelanchier ovalis integrifolia 20
Amelanchier pallidaPale Serviceberry31
Amelanchier parviflora 20
Amelanchier sanguineaRoundleaf Serviceberry, Gaspé serviceberry30
Amelanchier spicata 30
Amelanchier stoloniferaQuebec Berry, Running serviceberry51
Amelanchier utahensisUtah Serviceberry, Coville's serviceberry31
Amelanchier weigandii 30
Amelanchier x grandifloraApple Serviceberry50

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Siebold.&Zucc.)Endl. ex Walp.

Botanical References

11200266

Links / References

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