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Alangium chinense - (Lour.)Harms.

Common Name
Family Alangiaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Upland thickets in W. China[147]. Open places around villages at elevations of 300 - 2400 metres in Nepal[272].
Range E. Asia - India to C. China
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care (info)
Half Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Alangium chinense

Alangium chinense


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Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Alangium chinense is an evergreen Tree growing to 8 m (26ft 3in) at a slow rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 9. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from August to November. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


A begoniifolia. Marlea begoniifolia. Stylidium chinense.

Plant Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Oil
Edible Uses: Oil

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Blood tonic  Carminative  Contraceptive

This plant is commonly used in Chinese herbalism, where it is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs[218]. The roots and the stems are a blood tonic, carminative and contraceptive[147]. They are used in the treatment of rheumatism, numbness, traumatic injuries, wounds and snakebites[147]. A decoction of the leafy shoots is said to be tonic[218]. A paste of the roots is applied to the area around dislocated bones to help them setting[272]. The shoot, rootbark and whole plant are all used medicinally[218].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

The Bookshop: Edible Plant Books

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Other Uses


An oil extracted from the seeds is used for lighting lamps[272].

Special Uses

Scented Plants

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any moderately fertile well-drained soil[200]. Requires full sun and a sheltered position[200]. Not very frost tolerant[200], this species is likely to be on the borderlines of hardiness even if obtained from its higher provenances[11]. However, although the top growth will be killed back in all but the mildest winters, the plant will usually resprout from the base in the spring and will usually flower in the summer[245]. These flowers are sweetly scented[245]. This species is closely related to A. platinifolium[200]. Although a fair sized tree in its native habitat, it is unlikely to make more than a shrub more than 2 metres tall in Britain[245]. It does not require pruning[245].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Seed - we have no details for this species but suggest sowing the seed in a greenhouse in the spring. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out in early summer and consider giving them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in sand in a frame[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

TEMPERATE ASIA: China (Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng), Taiwan TROPICAL ASIA: Bhutan, India (north), Nepal, Pakistan, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines (Luzon) AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko), Rwanda, Angola, Zimbabwe (north)

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Alangium platanifoliumAlangiumShrub3.0 6-10  LMHNM111

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Botanical References


Links / References

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Readers comment

Dr. T. N. Shivananda   Mon May 29 2006

I have gone through this web page and gives very useful information on Alangium. I am very much impressed about the information on medicinal preperties and propagation techniques. Dr. T. N. Shivananda Sr. Scientist Indian Inst. Horticultural Research Bangalore 560 089 INDIA

Dr. H.N.Shivaprasad   Fri Dec 15 2006

Information provided by this web page on Alangium chinense is impressive and very informative Dr. H.N.Shivaprasad Asst. Manager - R & D Natural Remedies Pvt Ltd Bangalore-560100

Dr Brijesh Kumar Tiwari   Sat Mar 17 2007

i am very much happy to see this web page providing the information about cultivavation and collection of Alangium chinensis

nicholas muema   Tue Sep 30 2008

Am very happy with this information. The olant is growing everywhwre but no one is aware that it is this valuable

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