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Agathis moorei - (Lindl.) Mast.

Common Name Pacific Kauri, Moore Kauri
Family Araucariaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats A large emergent tree mainly restricted to areas of lowland rainforest that are mostly on non-ultramafic substrates[ 338 ].
Range Western Pacific - New Caledonia.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Agathis moorei Pacific Kauri, Moore Kauri


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Agathis moorei Pacific Kauri, Moore Kauri
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Summary

Agathis moorei is a medium-sized evergreen tree with a rounded crown that grows up to 30 m in height and 60-120 cm in diameter. The leaves are usually 5-6 cm long and 8-12 mm broad and in decussate opposite pairs. It has an oval-shaped cone up to 15 cm long and 12 cm diameter that disintegrate at maturity to release the winged seeds. It is endemic to New Caledonia, Australia, and Pacific and is threatened by habitat loss due to overexploitation of timber. The seed is edible. Also known as: Kaori Blanc, Kaori rouge


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Agathis moorei is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 7 m (23ft) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10 and is frost tender. The flowers are pollinated by Wind.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid and neutral soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Agathis corbassonii de Laub. Dammara lanceolata Vieill. Dammara moorei Lindl. Salisburyodendron corb

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed
Edible Uses:

Seeds

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None Known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Containers  Dye  Fuel  Furniture  Lacquer  Lighting  Resin  Varnish  Waterproofing  Wood

Agathis species in general yield a high-quality resin, often known as Manila Copal. The resins obtained from Agathis borneensis, Agathis dammara, Agathis lanceolata, Agathis macrophylla and Agathis philippinensis are the most important commercially, but all members of the genus yield useable quantities. The resin is obtained in three forms. Firstly, it naturally exudes from the bark, branches, cones etc of the tree, especially as a result of any damage - some of these exudations can weigh as much as 20 kilos. The second form, known as fossil resin, is dug up from the ground - some of this resin can be of fairly recent origin (perhaps secreted by the roots of trees that have been felled, but much of it can be up to 50,000 years old, perhaps formed on a tree that fell naturally and was then gradually buried. The third form of resin is harvested by tapping the tree, though this can easily damage the tree and lead to premature death. The resin has a range of applications. Traditionally it has been used as a fuel for campfires, a torch, as a waterproofing on boats, as a medicine, the smoke from the burning resin is used as a black dye and for tattooing. The resin is used commercially in making high-quality varnishes, lacquers, linoleum[64 ]. The heartwood is a creamy-white or light yellow, often with a pink reflection, turning golden brown on exposure; it is not clearly demarcated from the 8 - 11cm wide band of heartwood. The texture is fine; the grain straight. The wood is light in weight, soft, not very durable, being susceptible to dry wood borers and termites, and moderately susceptible to fungi. The wood seasons well with only a slight risk of checking or distorting; once dried it is stable in service. It works well with normal tools; screwing and nailing are good; glueing is correct. The wood has a wide range of uses, including for cabinetwork and high-class furniture, interior panelling and joinery, turnery, woodware, light carpentry, boxes and crates, cooperage, veneer etc[848 ].

Special Uses

Attracts Wildlife

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Young plants grow better in the shelter and shade of the woodland, but require increasing amounts of light as they grow larger[418 ]. High nitrogen fertilizer annually.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - it cannot tolerate desiccation and does not store for much more than 2 months in normal conditions. It does not require pre-treatment. Sowing is done with the wing part of the seed pointing upwards and 66% of the seed buried in the soil. Germination commences within 6 days, with 90 - 100% germination rates within 10 days[325 ]. Cuttings of leading shoots[307 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Kaori Blanc, Kaori rouge

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Australia, New Caledonia, Pacific.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v); C1. Population severely fragmented. Continuing decline of mature individuals

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Agathis dammaraAmboina PineTree50.0 10-11 MLMHFSNM004
Agathis macrophyllaDakuaTree30.0 10-12 FLMHFSNM004
Agathis robustaQueensland KauriTree45.0 8-11  LMHSNM00 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(Lindl.) Mast.

Botanical References

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