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Adenophora triphylla - (Thunb.)A.DC.

Common Name Nan Sha Shen
Family Campanulaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Grassy places in lowland and mountains, also on woodland edges[187]. In meadows from the lowlands to elevations of 1000 metres[275].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Adenophora triphylla Nan Sha Shen


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
Adenophora triphylla Nan Sha Shen
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Adenophora triphylla is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in flower in September, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Meadow; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves;  Root.
Edible Uses:

Root - cooked[105, 177]. The root is thick and carrot shaped[275]. Leaves - cooked[105, 177].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antifungal;  Cardiotonic;  Expectorant.

The root is antifungal, carditonic and expectorant[174, 279]. It is used I Korea to treat bronchial catarrh and coughs, especially where there is excess phlegm[279]. The rot has been shown to contain saponins and triterpenes which are responsible for its expectorant action[279].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Prefers a light rich slightly alkaline soil that is not too dry and a warm sunny position[1, 200]. Prefers a moist peaty soil in sun or partial shade[187]. Plants are hardy to about -20°c[187]. This species is extremely polymorphic, and several varieties and forms have been described in Japan. The many variations in several characters (hairiness, leaf-shape, inflorescence-shape etc.) can be seen in individuals growing intermixed[275]. This species succeeds in a meadow if the grass is not cut until after the plant flowers[200]. Intolerant of root disturbance[1]. The young growth is extremely attractive to slugs, they have been known to destroy even mature plants[K].

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[200]. The seed can also be sown in spring. Surface sow 2 - 3 seeds per pot in the spring in order to avoid transplanting[133]. We have found that if transplanted when very small seedlings grow away without difficulty[K]. Germinates in 1 - 3 months at 10°c[133]. Plant out into their permanent positions whilst young. Basal cuttings in spring[K]. Division in spring - very difficult because the plant dislikes root disturbance[1]..

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Thunb.)A.DC.

Botanical References

58200275

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

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Subject : Adenophora triphylla  
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