We need to raise £10,000 from user donations to get our finances in balance. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Actinidia polygama - (Siebold.&Zucc.)Maxim.

Common Name Silver Vine
Family Actinidiaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woodlands and hedges in mountains throughout Japan[58].Mountain forests at elevations of 500 - 1900 metres in China[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Actinidia polygama Silver Vine


http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/???:??????
Actinidia polygama Silver Vine
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/???:Qwert1234

 

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Actinidia polygama is a deciduous Climber growing to 6 m (19ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from October to November. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Bees, insects. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

A. volubilis. (Sieb.&Zucc.)Planch. Trochostigma polygama. Sieb.&Zucc.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit;  Leaves.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Fruit - raw or cooked[183]. Not very palatable, it is eaten salted[151, 177]. Some cultivars have nice flavoured fruits[183]. The fruit contains up to 5 times the vitamin C. of blackcurrants[74]. Fairly large fruits, up to 3cm across[200]. The ovoid fruits are orange and hairless when fuly ripe[266]. It contains a number of small seeds, but these are easily eaten with the fruit[K]. Leaves - raw or cooked[4, 61, 105, 177, 183]. The leaves can also be roasted and mixed with tea[183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Hallucinogenic;  Sedative.

The leaves are hallucinogenic and sedative[192]. The leaves contain substances that make them very attractive to cats and for this reason they are especially useful as a sedative for lions etc in zoos[192]. When consumed in large quantities the leaves can have a mild hallucinatory effect[192]. Polygamol, which is made from the fruits, is used as a heart tonic[218]. A dry decoction is used to treat colic and rheumatism[218].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Prefers a sound loamy neutral soil[1, 200]. Succeeds in semi-shade but full sun is best for fruit production[200]. Prefers a sheltered position[200]. Plants are hardy to about -30°c. when dormant but young growth in spring can be cut back by late frosts[160]. Fruits are formed on second year wood and also on fruit spurs on older wood[126], any pruning is best carried out in the winter[219]. The flowers are fragrant[245]. This is a climbing plant, supporting itself by twining around branches etc[200]. The plant is very attractive to cats and can be damaged by them[74, 151, 200]. This species has been confused in literature with A. kolomikta[198]. It is closely related but can be distinguished by the leaves which are tapered at the base whilst those of A. kolomikta are heart-shaped[219]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. One report suggests that plants are self-fertile whilst another says that they are dioecious. It is likely that most plants are dioecious but that there are some self-fertile hermaphrodite forms. A cultivar named 418-77 is self-fertile[183].

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse[133]. It is probably best if the seed is given 3 months stratification[113], either sow it in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in November or as soon as it is received. Fresh seed germinates in 2 - 3 months at 10°c, stored seed can take longer[133]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. When the plants are 30cm or more tall, plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts[K]. Most seedlings are male[126]. The seedlings are subject to damping off, they must be kept well ventilated[113]. Cuttings of softwood as soon as ready in spring in a frame[K]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Very high percentage[113]. Cuttings of ripe wood, October/November in a frame.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Actinidia argutaTara Vine50
Actinidia arguta cordifolia 40
Actinidia arguta rufa 40
Actinidia arisanensis 30
Actinidia asymmetrica 30
Actinidia callosa 30
Actinidia callosa formosana 30
Actinidia callosa henryi 30
Actinidia callosa indochinensis 30
Actinidia callosa pubescens 30
Actinidia chinensisKiwi42
Actinidia coriacea 30
Actinidia deliciosaKiwi Fruit51
Actinidia eriantha 30
Actinidia fortunatii 30
Actinidia fulvicoma 30
Actinidia giraldii 30
Actinidia glabra 30
Actinidia hemsleyana 30
Actinidia henryi 30
Actinidia holotricha 30
Actinidia hypoleuca 30
Actinidia kiusiana 30
Actinidia kolomiktaKiwi40
Actinidia kolomikta gagnepainii 30
Actinidia kwangsiensis 30
Actinidia lanceolata 30
Actinidia latifolia 30
Actinidia longicauda 30
Actinidia maloides 30
12

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

(Siebold.&Zucc.)Maxim.

Botanical References

58200266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Actinidia polygama  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.