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Aconitum carmichaelii - Debeaux.

Common Name Japanese Aconite, Carmichael's monkshood
Family Ranunculaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards The whole plant is highly toxic - simple skin contact has caused numbness in some people[1, 238].
Habitats Forest margins, scrub, grassy slopes and mountains at elevations of 100 - 2200 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - C. and W. China to N. America.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Aconitum carmichaelii Japanese Aconite, Carmichael


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:TeunSpaans
Aconitum carmichaelii Japanese Aconite, Carmichael

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Aconitum carmichaelii is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in flower from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

A carmichaeli wilsonii. A. fischeri. Forbes.&Hemsl. non Rchb.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anaesthetic;  Analgesic;  Antiinflammatory;  Antirheumatic;  Cardiotonic;  Vasodilator.

A widely used herbal remedy in China, where it is cultivated for its root[218]. This is harvested in the autumn as the plant dies down and is then dried before being used. The root is anaesthetic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, cardiotonic, stimulant and vasodilator[176, 218, 238]. It is used in the treatment of shock and collapse, chronic diseases with symptoms of cold, gastralgia and rheumatic arthralgia, oedema and diarrhoea due to hypofunction of the spleen and kidney[176]. A tincture of the root is used externally in the treatment of rheumatism, arthralgis, sprains, contusions etc[283]. Use with great caution, the plant contains the toxic alkaloid aconitine and is very poisonous - should not be used internally[218] unless under the direction of a qualified practitioner[238, 283]. Overdoses lead to numbness of the tongue, lips and extremities, nausea, vomiting, irritability and coma[176].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Thrives in most soils and in the light shade of trees[1]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers a moist soil in sun or semi-shade[200]. Plants will only thrive in a sunny position if the soil remains moist throughout the growing season[238]. Prefers a calcareous soil. This species is not included in the Flora of North America[270] and so it should be considered doubtful that its range includes this region. A very ornamental plant[233], there are some named forms[238]. It grows well in open woodlands[1, 4]. Members of this genus seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits and deer[233]. A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby species, especially legumes[54]. Closely related to A. fischeri and considered to be part of that species by some botanists[1].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[111]. The seed can be stratified and sown in spring but will then be slow to germinate[133]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer. Division - best done in spring but it can also be done in autumn[1, 111]. Another report says that division is best carried out in the autumn or late winter because the plants come into growth very early in the year[233].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Aconitum balfourii 01
Aconitum chasmanthum 01
Aconitum chinense 01
Aconitum columbianumColumbian monkshood01
Aconitum delphinifolium 01
Aconitum dienorrhizum 01
Aconitum feroxIndian aconite01
Aconitum fischeriFischer monkshood01
Aconitum gammiei 01
Aconitum hemsleyanum 01
Aconitum heterophyllum 12
Aconitum japonicum 02
Aconitum koreanumKorean Monk's Hood10
Aconitum kusnezoffiiBei Wu Tou01
Aconitum lycoctonumWolfsbane11
Aconitum lycoctonum vulpariaWolfbane11
Aconitum maximumKamchatka aconite00
Aconitum mokchangense 10
Aconitum multifidum 10
Aconitum napellusAconite, Venus' chariot, Wolfsbane Garden, Monk's Hood Garden12
Aconitum orientale 01
Aconitum palmatum 01
Aconitum rotundifolium 10
Aconitum septentrionale 10
Aconitum uncinatumWild Monkshood, Southern blue monkshood01
Aconitum violaceum 11
Aconitum volubile 11

 

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Expert comment

Author

Debeaux.

Botanical References

200266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Marigold Webb   Mon Jan 2 2006

Can any reader please tell me who was Carmichael and why it is called Aconitum carmichaelii?

   Mon May 15 2006

Aconitum carmichaeli is the Azure or Chinese Monkshood. It was formerly called A. fischeri after Friedrich Ernst Ludwig Fischer (1782‚1854), who was the director of the botanic garden in St. Petersburg. The present species name is after Dugald Carmichael (1772‚1827), a sea captain born on the Isle of Lismore, Scotland, & who was most knowledgeable in botany, geology & ichthyology.

Paghat's Garden:Aconitum charmichaeli

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