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Aciphylla squarrosa - J.R.Forst.&G.Forst.

Common Name Speargrass
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Found from sea-level to montane areas in North and South Islands to latitude 41° 30' south[44].
Range New Zealand.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Aciphylla squarrosa Speargrass


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Aciphylla squarrosa Speargrass

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Aciphylla squarrosa is an evergreen Perennial growing to 2.5 m (8ft) by 1.5 m (5ft).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 5. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to July. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Root
Edible Uses: Gum  Gum

Root - cooked. Aromatic[173]. A very good taste[177, 183]. The resin is used as a chewing gum[173]. Shoots and young stems[173]. No further details.

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Gum  Gum

The plant yields a semi-transparent resinous gum that is edible and also used in perfumery[128].

Special Uses

Scented Plants

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Requires a perfectly drained gritty soil in full sun[200]. Easily grown in a moist but well-drained soil in full sun[187]. Hardy to about -10°c according to one report[200] whilst another says it is hardy to about -15°c[187]. Dioecious but female plants have occasional male flowers[200]. Male and female plants must normally be grown if seed is required. The flowers are sweetly scented[187].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe[200]. Stored seed should be sown in a greenhouse in late winter or early spring. Germination can be very slow. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter before planting them out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Aciphylla colensoiWild SpaniardPerennial0.9 6-9  LMNDM20 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

J.R.Forst.&G.Forst.

Botanical References

44200

Links / References

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Subject : Aciphylla squarrosa  
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