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Salix hybrids - Various

Common Name Hybrid willows
Family Salicaceae
USDA hardiness 2-11
Known Hazards See individual species.
Habitats Found along streambanks and in wetlands. Willows survive in warm and cold weather zones, although most thrive in moist climates.
Range Origin: N. Temperate, Africa, S. America. A wide natural distribution from the tropics to the arctic zones and are extensively cultivated around the world.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (5 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Salix hybrids Hybrid willows


Salix hybrids Hybrid willows

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Salix hybrids is a deciduous Shrub growing to 25 m (82ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

See individual species.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Inner bark  Leaves
Edible Uses:

See individual species. In some species the inner bark and leaves are edible.

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


Some. See individual species. Willow bark was the basis for aspirin development. Many cultures have used willow bark for pain relief, thanks to a compound in willow bark called salicin.

References

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Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

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Other Uses

Wastewater treatment - converting wastewater to biomass fuel by taking up excess nutrients in warer for fertilizer. A strong, light flexible wood used for basketry, fencing and natural building. Erosion control and bank stabilization akong streams and rivers [1-1]. Carbon Farming Solutions - Industrial Crop: biomass (Crops grown for non-food uses. Industrial crops provide resources in three main categories: materials, chemicals, and energy. Traditional materials include lumber and thatch, paper and cardboard, and textiles) [1-1]. Fodder: bank. The leaves are a good fodder for livestock. Other Systems: SRC. Dynamic accumulator.

Special Uses

Carbon Farming  Dynamic accumulator

References

Cultivation details

Fodder: Bank  Industrial Crop: Biomass  Management: Coppice  Minor Global Crop  Other Systems: SRC

Climate: , tropical highlands. Humidity: semi-arid to humid, aquatic. There are tree, shrub, and ground cover willows. Usually coppiced or pollarded when managing. Some coppiced willows have lived to 800 years. Easy to breed and hybridize. Willows are very cross-compatible, and numerous hybrids occur, both naturally and in cultivation. A well-known ornamental example is the weeping willow (Salix × sepulcralis), which is a hybrid of Peking willow (Salix babylonica) from China and white willow (Salix alba) from Europe. Breeding work has increased biomass yields 50% in the last few decades. European breeding emphasises Salix viminalis and four or five others while North America is based on Salix purpurea and others. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: minor global crop. Management: coppice (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1].

Carbon Farming

  • Fodder: Bank  Fodder banks are plantings of high-quality fodder species. Their goal is to maintain healthy productive animals. They can be utilized all year, but are designed to bridge the forage scarcity of annual dry seasons. Fodder bank plants are usually trees or shrubs, and often legumes. The relatively deep roots of these woody perennials allow them to reach soil nutrients and moisture not available to grasses and herbaceous plants.
  • Industrial Crop: Biomass  Three broad categories: bamboos, resprouting woody plants, and giant grasses. uses include: protein, materials (paper, building materials, fibers, biochar etc.), chemicals (biobased chemicals), energy - biofuels
  • Management: Coppice  Cut to the ground repeatedly - resprouting vigorously. Non-destructive management systems maintaining the soil organic carbon.
  • Minor Global Crop  These crops are already grown or traded around the world, but on a smaller scale than the global perennial staple and industrial crops, The annual value of a minor global crop is under $1 billion US. Examples include shea, carob, Brazil nuts and fibers such as ramie and sisal.
  • Other Systems: SRC  Short-rotation coppice.

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Willows, Sallows, Osiers, Willow Hybrids, Salix Hybrids

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Salix acutifoliaSharp-Leaf WillowShrub10.0 4-8  LMHNMWe123
Salix aegyptiaca Shrub4.0 5-9  LMHNMWe122
Salix alaxensisFeltleaf WiillowTree10.0 3-7  LMHNMWe122
Salix albaWhite WillowTree25.0 2-8 FLMHNMWe134
Salix alba caeruleaCricket Bat WillowTree25.0 - FLMHNMWe13 
Salix alba vitellinaGolden WillowTree20.0 - FLMHNMWe13 
Salix 'Americana' Tree0.0 -  LMHNMWe02 
Salix amygdaloidesPeach Leaved WillowTree20.0 4-8 FLMHNMWe023
Salix appendiculata Shrub6.0 6-9  LMHNMWe123
Salix arenaria Shrub1.0 5-9  LMHNMWe123
Salix atrocinereaRusty Sallow, large gray willowTree10.0 -  LMHNMWe03 
Salix auritaEared SallowShrub2.5 4-8  LMHNDMWe023
Salix babylonicaWeeping Willow, Babylon Weeping WillowTree12.0 6-9 FLMHNMWe134
Salix bakko Tree0.0 -  LMHNMWe12 
Salix bebbianaBeak Willow, Bebb WillowShrub7.0 3-7 FLMHNMWe024
Salix bonplandianaSauce, Bonpland willowTree10.0 9-11 FLMHNMWe004
Salix 'Bowles hybrid' Tree5.0 - FLMHNMWe12 
Salix brachycarpashortfruit willowShrub1.4 4-8  LMHNMWe123
Salix capreaGoat Willow, Kilmarnock Willow, Pink Pussy Willow, Pussy WillowTree10.0 4-9 FLMHSNDMWe124
Salix chaenomeloidesJapanese Pussy WillowTree6.0 6-8 FLMHNMWe123
Salix cinereaGrey Willow, Large gray willowShrub5.0 2-7  LMHNMWe033
Salix commutataundergreen willowShrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNMWe123
Salix daphnoidesViolet Willow, Daphne willowTree10.0 4-8 FLMHNMWe123
Salix decipiens Tree0.0 -  LMHNMWe12 
Salix eriocephalaMissouri Willow, Missouri River willowShrub4.0 5-9  LMHNMWe023
Salix exiguaCoyote Willow, Narrowleaf willowTree9.0 0-0  LMHNMWe12 
Salix fluviatilisRiver WillowTree7.0 3-7  LMHNMWe023
Salix 'Forbiana' Shrub0.0 - FLMHNMWe12 
Salix fragilisCrack WillowTree15.0 4-8 FLMHNMWe133
Salix gilgianaWillowShrub0.0 0-0 FLMHNMWe12 
123

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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