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Dyera costulata - (Miq.) Hook.f.

Common Name Hill Jelutong
Family Apocynaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Primary evergreen lowland or hill forest up to 300 metres[ 338 ]. In undisturbed forests at elevations up to 400 metres. Usually on hillsides and ridges on clayey to sandy soils. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant[ 359 ].
Range Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Dyera costulata Hill Jelutong

Dyera costulata Hill Jelutong


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Hill Jelutong (Dyera costulata) is a large, deciduous tree with a spreading crown that grows up to 75 m in height. The trunk is not buttressed and can be up to 3 m in diameter and up to 30 m unbranched. It can be found in Southeast Asia where it has long been exploited for timber and latex. The latex is used for chewing gum, celluloid, linoleum, insulation of electric cables, cement, paints, paper, etc. The resinous fruits are used as torches and as mosquito repellent. The roots are used as cork substitute. The wood, on the other hand, are used for carving, pencils, matches, veneer, etc.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Dyera costulata is a deciduous Tree growing to 50 m (164ft) by 30 m (98ft) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Alstonia costulata Miq. Alstonia eximia Miq. Alstonia grandifolia Miq. Dyera laxiflora Hook.f.

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

The resinous fruits are used for medicinal purposes[ 317 ].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Containers  Cork  Furniture  Latex  Lighting  Miscellany  Repellent  Wood

Other Uses: The latex, obtained by tapping the trunk, is used for the production of chewing gum, celluloid, linoleum and the insulation of electric cables[ 317 ]. Beside this it serves as admixture for cement, paints and paper[ 317 ]. The latex has a number of speciality uses such as pattern making in foundry work, for drawing boards, pencils, picture frames, dowels, carving, blackboards, wooden toys, clogs, brush handles and battery separators, and it is also used for furniture parts, door knobs, ceilings, partitioning, matchsticks, matchboxes and packing cases[ 349 ]. The resinous fruits serve as torches[ 317 ]. They are also burnt to repel mosquitoes[ 349 ]. The roots are used as a substitute for cork[ 325 , 349 ]. The heartwood is creamy white to pale straw coloured with the frequent presence of large latex canals; it is not differentiated from the sapwood. The grain is mostly straight; texture moderately fine and even; slightly lustrous; without taste but with a slight sour odour that is distinctive. The wood is very light in weight; soft; it is not durable, being susceptible to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. It seasons rapidly with only a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is stable in service. The wood works easily with hand and machine tools, but they need to be kept very sharp in order to obtain a smooth finish; latex in the wood may clog the sawteeth; nailing and screwing are poor; gluing is correct. The wood is excellent for carving and is also used, among other things, for making patterns, pencils, matches, match-boxes, boxes and crates, furniture components, interior joinery and panelling, drawing boards, blockboard and veneer[ 316 , 317 , 848 ].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Industrial Crop: Hydrocarbon  Management: Standard  Regional Crop

A plant of the wet, lowland tropics, where it is usually found at elevations up to 400 metres, exceptionally to 800 metres[ 325 , 359 ]. Requires a sunny position - the tree develops a wide crown when growing in the sun in order to 'claim' its territory[ 325 ]. Prefers a well-drained soil, often growing on hills and ridges in the wild[ 325 ].

Carbon Farming

  • Industrial Crop: Hydrocarbon  Materials, chemicals and energy include bioplastics, rubber, biomass products gasoline, jet fuel, diesel, butane, propane, biogas. Plants are usually resprouting plants and saps.
  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Regional Crop  These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally but have not been adopted elsewhere and are typically not traded globally, Examples in this broad category include perennial cottons and many nuts and staple fruits.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Seed - the small seed has a limited viability of less than a year. Pre-treatment is not necessary, but soaking the seed in water for 12 hours prior to sowing can speed up the germination process[ 325 ]. Germination rates are usually good, with 80 - 90% of the seeds sprouting. Seedlings can be potted up when the first pair of leaves has emerged and planted out when 30cm tall.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Pantung, jelutong.

Brunei Darussalam; Singapore; Thailand, Asia, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, SE Asia, Singapore, Thailand,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Lower Risk/least concern

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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


Expert comment


(Miq.) Hook.f.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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Subject : Dyera costulata  
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