New Book ** Edible Perennials: 50 Top perennials from Plants For A Future. Current interest in forest or woodland garden designs reflects an awareness that permanent mixed plantings are inherently more sustainable than annual monocultures. They safeguard and enrich soil ecosystems... more >>

  
   
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Back to Key. Next (A).. (B-C).. (E-M).. (P).. (Q-V).

Checklist of Trees and Shrubs for Shelterbelts: A

Botanical name Common name Deciduous/ Evergreen Height Growth rate Hardiness Wind Notes
Abies procera Noble fir E T M 5 W Prefers a good moist soil but tolerates poor mountain peats.Dislikes atmospheric pollution.
Acacia longifolia Sallow wattle E M M 8 W Most soils,sunny position.Tolerates some lime Edible seed and pods-cooked.Soil stabilizer.
Acer negundo Box elder D M-T M 2 W Moist well drained soil,sunny position.Edible sap.
Acer platanoides Norway maple D M-T M 3 W Moist well drained soil.Edible sap.Dye.
Acer pseudo-platanus Sycamore D T M-F 5 M Most soils.Can be wind-shaped.Edible sap.Medicinal.
Acer saccharinum Silver maple D M-T M-F 3 W Moist well drained soil.Edible sap and inner bark.Dye,ink.
Alnus cordata Italian alder D T F 6 M Succeeds in drier soils than most alders.Lime tolerant.
Alnus glutinosa Alder D M-T F 3 M See hedge list.
Alnus rubra Red alder D T F 6 M Most soils.Very quick to establish. Edible buds, sap and catkins. Red dye.
Amelanchier alnifolia Service berry D S M 2 W Moist well drained soil,sunny position.Lime tolerant.Edible fruit.Tea.Soil stabilisation.
Amelanchier canadensis Juneberry D M M 4 W See hedge list.
Araucaria araucana Monkey puzzle E T S 8 M Deep moist soil.Best in moister areas of Britain.Dislikes air pollution.Edible seed.Medicinal.
Arbutus unedo Strawberry tree E S-M M 7 M Moist soils,lime tolerant.Sunny position.Resents root disturbance.Edible fruit.Tannin.
Arctostaphylos manzanita Manzanita E S S 8 M Sunny well drained lime free soil.Edible fruit.Brown dye.

KEY

D = Deciduous E = Evergreen

Height:- S = Small (to 4ft for hedges, 20ft for trees.) M = Medium (to 6ft for hedges, 50ft for trees.) T = Tall (over 6ft for hedges, over 50ft for trees.)

Rate of Growth:- S = Slow M = Medium F = Fast

Wind Resistance:- W = tolerates Windy sites M = tolerates Maritime exposure

Hardiness zones 1(hardiest) to 10:- most of Britain is in zone 7 or 8 with some upland and northern areas being colder whilst western and southern coastal areas are milder.

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