** 2016 Appeal ** In order to extend our coverage of climate zones, we’ve identified around 700 plants to add to our database. To do this properly and at the same time improve the usability of our website we need extra funds in addition to our regular level of income. more >>

   Bookmark and Share
   
    By donating to PFAF, you can help support and expand our activities
    Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

Back to Key. Next (A).. (B-C).. (E-M).. (P).. (Q-V).

Checklist of Trees and Shrubs for Shelterbelts: E - M

Botanical name Common name Deciduous/ Evergreen Height Growth rate Hardiness Wind Notes
Eucalyptus coccifera Snow gum E M M 8 W Deep well drained soil,sunny position.Dyes.
Eucalyptus johnstonii Yellow gum E T M-F 8 M Deep well drained soil,sunny position.
Eucalyptus niphophylla Snow gum E S-M S 7 M Deep well drained soil,sunny position.Essential oil.
Eucalyptus pauciflora Ghost gum E M-T M 7 M Deep well drained soil,sunny position.
Fraxinus excelsior Ash D T F 4 M Prefers deep soils,succeeding on chalk.Can be wind shaped.Edible seed.Dye,medicinal,string.
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Red ash D M-T M-F 4 W Most soils.Tolerates urban pollution.Edible inner bark.Medicinal.
Ilex opaca American holly E M S-M 5 W Most soils if not waterlogged.Dislikes root disturbance.Tea.
Juniperus communis Juniper E M S-M 6 M Most soils.Edible fruit-a flavouring.Incense,fumigant,insect repellent,varnish,tea,medicinal.
Larix decidua Larch D T F 4 M Well drained soils,dislikes chalk or peat.Edible inner bark.Resin,tannin,medicinal.
Maclura pomifera Osage orange D M M 5 W See hedge list.
Morus alba White mulberry D M M 4 W Good soil,sunny position.Var."Tartarica"is used.Edible fruit and young leaves.Dye,fibre.

KEY

D = Deciduous E = Evergreen

Height:- S = Small (to 4ft for hedges, 20ft for trees.) M = Medium (to 6ft for hedges, 50ft for trees.) T = Tall (over 6ft for hedges, over 50ft for trees.)

Rate of Growth:- S = Slow M = Medium F = Fast

Wind Resistance:- W = tolerates Windy sites M = tolerates Maritime exposure

Hardiness zones 1(hardiest) to 10:- most of Britain is in zone 7 or 8 with some upland and northern areas being colder whilst western and southern coastal areas are milder.

      You can download this page as a PDF