Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Latin Names: S
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abutilon vitifolium Shrub8.0 7-10  LMHSNM30 
Artemisia maritimaSea WormwoodShrub0.6 6-9  LMNDM12 
Artemisia tridentataSage Brush, Big sagebrush, Bonneville big sagebrushShrub2.5 4-10  LMNDM325
Arthrocnemum fruticosumGlasswortPerennial0.6 -  LMSNM10 
Artocarpus mariannensisSeeded breadfruit, Marianas breadTree15.0 10-12 FLMSNM434
Berula erectaCutleaf WaterparsnipPerennial1.0 3-7  LMHSNMWe11 
Brachyglottis Dunedin Hybrids Shrub1.5 7-10 SLMHNM00 
Brachyglottis greyi Shrub2.0 7-10 SLMHNM00 
Brachyglottis laxifolia Shrub2.0 7-10 SLMHNM00 
Brachyglottis monroi Shrub1.5 7-10 SLMHNM00 
Brachyglottis rotundifolia Shrub6.0 8-11  LMHNM00 
Brassica nigraBlack MustardAnnual1.2 6-9  LMSNM332
Bumelia lycioidesShittamwoodTree8.0 6-9  LMHNM20 
Calamintha nepetaLesser CalamintPerennial0.6 5-9  LMNDM322
Calopogonium caeruleumWild jicamaClimber5.0 10-12 FLMHFSNM004
Cephalaria syriacaMakhobeli, Syrian cephalariaAnnual0.0 0-0  LMHNM20 
Chamaesaracha coronopusGreenleaf Five EyesPerennial0.2 -  LMHSNM11 
Clintonia borealisBluebeardPerennial0.3 3-7  LMFSM212
Cola acuminataCola Nut, Kola, Bissy NutTree20.0 10-12 MLMHNM342
Cornus alternifoliaGreen Osier, Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate Leaf Dogwood, Golden Shadows Pagoda Dogwood, Green OsiShrub6.0 3-8 FLMHNDM02 
Cornus sanguineaDogwood, Bloodtwig dogwoodShrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM21 
Corynocarpus spp.KarakaTree15.0 7-10 FLMHSNM204
Cycas spp.Cycas, Sago PalmPerennial4.0 8-12 SLMHFSNDMW224
Cytisus scopariusBroom, Scotch broom, Common BroomShrub2.4 5-8 FLMHSNDM134
Descurainia pinnataTansy Mustard, Western tansymustard, Menzies' tansymustard.Annual0.6 0-0  LMHSNDM211
Descurainia sophiaFlixweed, Herb sophiaAnnual/Biennial0.9 0-0  LMHSNM221
Diospyros celebicaIndonesian Ebony, black ebony, makassar-ebenholtsTree30.0 10-12 SLMHNM204
Echinocystis lobataWild CucumberAnnual8.0 0-0 FLMHNM010
Encephalartos spp.Bread trees, Bread palms, Kaffir breadPerennial3.0 9-11 SLMSNDM104
Eremophila longifolia Shrub6.0 -  LMHSNM01 
Erigeron annuusAnnual Fleabane, Eastern daisy fleabaneAnnual/Perennial1.0 3-8 MLMHNM100
Escallonia pulverulentaEscalloniaShrub3.5 8-11 FLMHNDM00 
Fagopyrum spp.Perennial BuckwheatPerennial1.0 5-10 FLMHSNM432
Ferula karelinii Perennial0.6 -  LMHNDM10 
Filipendula ulmariaMeadowsweet, Queen of the meadow, Double Lady of the Meadow, European MeadowsweetPerennial1.2 3-9 MLMHSNMWe333
Filipendula vestita Perennial0.8 5-9  LMHSNMWe01 
Forsythia suspensaLian Qiao, Weeping forsythiaShrub5.0 5-8 MLMHFSNM133
Frasera caroliniensisAmerican ColumboPerennial2.5 0-0  LMSNM02 
Frasera speciosaGreen Gentian, ElkweedBiennial/Perennial1.5 3-7  LMSNM12 
Fuchsia excorticataKoniniShrub10.0 8-11 MLMHSNM20 
Gigantochloa hasskarlianaAwi TelaBamboo10.0 10-12 FLMHSNM403
Gingidia harveyana Perennial0.5 -  LMHSNM10 
Ginkgo bilobaMaidenhair Tree, GinkgoTree30.0 3-8 SLMHNDM552
Glycine spp.Perennial SoybeanPerennial0.6 7-11 FLMSM434
Goodyera repensCreeping Lady's Tresses, Lesser rattlesnake plantainPerennial0.3 5-9  LMSNDM02 
Haloxylon sppSaxaulShrub8.0 10-12 SLMNDM324
Haplopappus spinulosusSpiny IronplantShrub0.6 -  LMHSNDM01 
Holboellia latifolia Climber4.0 8-11  LMHFSNM30 
Holodiscus discolorCreambush, OceansprayShrub3.0 4-8 FLMHSNM12 
Jovibarba soboliferaHen And Chickens HouseleekPerennial0.1 4-8  LNDM20 
Juniperus sabinaSavine, Tam JuniperShrub4.0 4-7 SLMHNDM024
Khaya senegalensisDryzone MahoganyTree25.0 10-12 FLMHSNMWe234
Kirkophytum lyallii Perennial0.2 -  LMHSNM10 
Knautia arvensisField Scabious, Field scabiosaPerennial1.0 5-9  LMHSNDM02 
Laser trilobumGladichPerennial1.2 -  LMHSNM20 
Lavandula dentata Shrub1.0 8-11  LMHNDM013
Lavandula stoechasFrench LavenderShrub0.8 7-10  LMHNDM024
Legousia pentagonia Annual0.3 -  LMHNM20 
Legousia speculum-venerisVenus' Looking GlassAnnual0.3 -  LMHNM20 
Limonium carolinianumSea Lavender, Lavender thriftPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHNDM01 
Limonium vulgareSea Lavender, Mediterranean sea lavender, Common PrivetPerennial0.3 4-7  LMHSNDM01 
Microseris nutansYam Daisy, Nodding microserisPerennial0.3 0-0  LMHNM10 
Nauclea latifoliaAfrican PeachTree10.0 10-12 MLMHNDM342
Oryza hybridsPerennial RicePerennial2.0 7-12 FLMHNMWeWa422
Osmanthus delavayi Shrub3.5 6-9 SLMHSNDM00 
Packera obovataRoundleaf ragwortPerennial0.6 3-8 FLMHFSNM002
Peucedanum palustreMarsh Hog's Fennel, HogfennelBiennial1.5 5-9  LMHSNMWe11 
Polymnia uvedaliaBearsfootPerennial2.7 -  LMHNM02 
Raphia palma-pinusThatch palmTree10.0 10-12 FLMHSNMWe024
Rhodiola rhodanthaQueen's Crown, Redpod stonecropPerennial0.4 4-8  LMHNDM10 
Rhodiola roseaRose RootPerennial0.3 0-0  LMHNDM233
Rhodiola tibetica Perennial0.3 5-9  LMHNDM10 
Sabal etoniaScrub PalmettoShrub3.0 7-10 SLMHNM20 
Sabal mexicanaMexican Palmetto, Rio Grande palmetto, Texas PalmettoTree10.0 8-11 SLMHNM20 
Sabal minorBush Palmetto, Dwarf palmettoShrub3.0 8-11 SLMHNM21 
Sabal palmettoCabbage Palmetto, Blue Palmetto, Common PalmettoTree6.0 8-11 SLMHNM21 
Sabatia angularisBitter Bloom, RosepinkAnnual/Biennial1.0 5-9  LMHSNM11 
Sabatia campestrisPrairie Rose Gentian, Texas starAnnual/Biennial0.2 0-0  LMHSNM11 
Sabatia elliotii Annual/Biennial0.5 -  LMHSNM11 
Saccharum hybridsEnergy CanePerennial6.0 8-12 FLMHNMWe424
Saccharum officinarumSugarcane, Purple Sugar CanePerennial6.0 8-12 FLMHNMWe423
Sagina japonicaJapanese pearlwortAnnual/Biennial0.2 -  LMHSNM12 
Sagina maximastickystem pearlwortAnnual/Biennial0.2 -  LMHSNM02 
Sagittaria aginashi Perennial0.0 -  LMHNWeWa10 
Sagittaria brevirostaShort-Beaked Arrow LeafPerennial1.2 -  LMHNWeWa20 
Sagittaria chapmaniiChapman's arrowheadPerennial0.5 -  LMHNWeWa00 
Sagittaria cuneataWapato, arumleaf arrowheadPerennial0.8 5-9  LMHNWeWa41 
Sagittaria gramineaChinese Arrowhead, Grassy Arrowhead, Weatherby's arrowheadAnnual/Perennial0.5 5-9  LMHSNWeWa100
Sagittaria latifoliaDuck Potato, Broadleaf ArrowheadPerennial1.2 6-9  LMHNWeWa510
Sagittaria rigidaSessile-Fruited ArrowheadPerennial0.8 6-9  LMHNWeWa30 
Sagittaria sagittifoliaArrow Head, Hawaii arrowheadPerennial1.0 6-9  LMHNWeWa510
Sagittaria sagittifolia leucopetala Perennial1.0 -  LMHSNWeWa31 
Sagittaria trifoliaChinese Arrowroot, Threeleaf arrowheadPerennial1.0 10-12  LMHSNWeWa400
Salacca zalaccaSalak Palm, Snake PalmShrub4.0 10-12 FLMSNM503
Salicornia bigeloviiDwarf Glasswort, Dwarf saltwortAnnual0.3 0-0  LMHNM30 
Salicornia europaeaGlasswortAnnual0.3 -  LMHNDM30 
Salicornia quinquefloraChicken Claws 0.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Salicornia rubraRed Glasswort, red swampfireAnnual0.2 -  LMHSNM10 
Salicornia virginicaVirginia GlasswortPerennial0.3 -  LMHNM11 
Salix acutifoliaSharp-Leaf WillowShrub10.0 4-8  LMHNMWe123
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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