Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Latin Names: P
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abies balsameaBalsam FirTree15.0 3-6 SLMHFSNM35 
Abies concolorColorado Fir, White firTree45.0 3-7 FLMHFSNDM02 
Abies fraseriShe Balsam, Fraser fir, Southern Balsam FirTree15.0 4-7 FLMHFSNM130
Acourtia microcephalaSacapellotePerennial1.4 7-10  LMNDM01 
Aesculus californicaCalifornian Buckeye, California HorsechestnutTree12.0 6-10 MLMHNDM31 
Aesculus indicaIndian Horse ChestnutTree30.0 6-9  LMHSNM31 
Amelanchier sanguineaRoundleaf Serviceberry, Gaspé serviceberryShrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNDM30 
Anethum graveolensDillAnnual0.8 2-11 MLMNM432
Angelica decursiva Perennial1.5 -  LMHSNM22 
Aronia arbutifoliaRed ChokeberryShrub3.0 4-9  LMHSNM20 
Asparagus sauveolens Perennial1.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Asparagus setaceusAsparagus Fern, Common asparagus fern, Plumosa FernClimber3.0 9-11 MLMHNM10 
Asplenium scolopendriumHart's Tongue FernFern0.6 4-8 SLMFSDM02 
Bauhinia thonningiiCamel's foot tree, monkey breadTree5.0 10-12 MLMHNDM323
Calamus caesiusRotan SegaClimber100.0 10-12 FLMHSNM204
Calamus ovoideusEgg-shaped Rattan. Rotan OvoidClimber70.0 10-12 FLMHSNM204
Calamus radiatusRotan Rays. Radial Leaf RotanClimber50.0 11-12 FLMHSNM004
Chimaphila umbellataPipsissewaShrub0.4 4-8 SLMHFSM232
Cleome luteaYellow Spiderflower, Jones spiderflowerAnnual1.2 3-8  LMNDM210
Cymopterus bulbosusBulbous SpringparsleyPerennial0.0 -  LMHSNDM11 
Cymopterus montanusMountain Spring ParsleyPerennial0.2 -  LMHNDM20 
Cynanchum paniculatum Perennial Climber1.0 -  LMHSNM12 
Dacrycarpus dacrydioidesKahikateaTree6.0 8-11 SLMHSM20 
Dalea candidaWhite Prairie CloverPerennial0.7 -  LMNDM31 
Dalea candida oligophyllaWhite Prairie CloverPerennial0.7 -  LMNDM31 
Dalea gattingeriPurpletasselsPerennial0.4 0-0  LMNDM20 
Dalea purpureaPurple Prairie CloverPerennial0.9 -  LMNDM21 
Daniellia oliveriAfrican Copaiba Balsam TreeTree25.0 10-12 FLMHNM223
Darmera peltataUmbrella Plant, Indian rhubarb, Indian Rubarb, Indian RubarbPerennial1.2 5-8 MLMHSNWeWa203
Digitaria sanguinalisCrab Grass, Hairy crabgrassAnnual0.5 6-9 FLMNM212
Docynia delavayi Tree10.0 7-10  LMHNM20 
Dryopteris sieboldii Fern0.5 7-10  LMHSM10 
Echinochloa crus-galliBarnyard Millet, Barnyardgrass,Annual1.2 5-9  LMHNM320
Echinochloa frumentaceaJapanese Millet, Billion-dollar grassAnnual1.8 0-0  LMHNM31 
Epigaea asiatica Shrub0.1 4-8  LMFSM10 
Fagopyrum tataricumTartarian BuckwheatAnnual0.8 0-0  LMHNDM310
Garcinia gardnerianaBacupari, achachaTree8.0 10-12 SLMHSNM402
Gaultheria insana Shrub0.5 5-9  LMHSNM11 
Gaultheria myrsinoides Shrub0.2 8-11  LMSNM20 
Gaultheria rigida Shrub0.0 -  LMFSM10 
Gillenia stipulataAmerican Ipecacuanna, American ipecacPerennial1.2 4-8  LMHSM03 
Gillenia trifoliataIndian Physic, Bowman's rootPerennial1.2 4-9 MLMHSNM03 
Glehnia littoralisBei Sha Shen, American silvertopPerennial0.3 0-0  LMSNM22 
Glyceria borealisSmall floating mannagrassPerennial1.5 0-0  LMHSNWeWa20 
Glyceria fluitansFloating Manna Grass, Water mannagrassPerennial0.5 4-8  LMHNWeWa30 
Griselinia littoralis Shrub6.0 6-9 MLMSNM20 
Gynatrix pulchellaHemp BushShrub2.5 7-10 FLMHNM00 
Habenaria sparsifloraSparse-flowered bog orchidPerennial0.6 0-0  LMHSNM10 
Himatanthus sucuubaPlumeria sucuubaTree12.0 10-12 MLMNDM042
Idesia polycarpaIdesiaTree12.0 4-8  LMHSNM10 
Ilex glabraInkberryShrub3.0 3-7 SLMHSNM102
Ilex verticillataWinterberry, Common winterberryShrub2.0 3-7 SLMHSNMWe13 
Ipomoea nilJapanese Morning Glory, Whiteedge morning-gloryAnnual5.0 8-11 FLMHNM02 
Ipomoea purpureaCommon Morning Glory, Tall morning-gloryAnnual Climber2.5 6-9 FLMHNM020
Isodon japonicus Perennial1.0 -  LMHSNM11 
Libocedrus uvifera Tree20.0 6-9 SLMHSNM00 
Licania rigidaOiticicaTree12.0 10-12 MLMHSNMWe003
Lithocarpus densiflorusTanbark OakTree10.0 6-9 SLMHSNM21 
Lithocarpus edulis Tree9.0 6-9  LMHSNM10 
Lithocarpus glaberJapanese OakTree7.0 6-9  LMHSNM10 
Lythrum portulaWater Purslane, Spatulaleaf loosestrifeAnnual0.2 0-0  LMHSNWeWa10 
Malus baccataChinese Crab, Siberian crab appleTree15.0 2-7 MLMHSNM212
Malus floribundaJapanese Crab, Japanese flowering crab appleTree10.0 4-7 MLMHSNM30 
Malus ioensisPrairie Crab, Prairie crab apple, Texas crab apple, Prairie CrabappleTree5.0 3-8 SLMHSNM202
Malus pumilaParadise Apple, Common Apple, Apple TreeTree7.0 3-9 MLMHSNM423
Malus spectabilisChinese Flowering Apple, Asiatic appleTree9.0 4-8  LMHSNM30 
Mertensia maritimaOyster PlantPerennial0.2 3-7  LMNDM30 
Mespilus germanicaMedlarTree6.0 5-8 MLMHSNM411
Nabalus albusWhite LettucePerennial1.5 4-8  LMHFSM02 
Nabalus serpentariusLion's FootPerennial1.5 4-8  LMHFSM01 
Newtonia buchananiiEast African Newtonia, Forest NewtoniaTree25.0 10-12 FLMHNM023
Orthilia secundaSidebells WintergreenPerennial0.1 4-8  LMFSNM11 
Osmanthus decorus Shrub3.0 6-9  LMHSNDM00 
Pachira glabraSaba Nut, American ChestnutTree15.0 10-12 FLMHSNDM303
Pachira insignisMalabar ChestnutTree15.0 10-12 FMHSNM402
Pachycereus hollianusBaboso, AcompesPerennial4.0 9-11 MLMNDM003
Pachyphragma macrophylla Perennial0.3 6-9  LMHFSDM10 
Pachyrhizus ahipaAhipa, Yam beanPerennial0.5 0-0  LMNM30 
Pachyrhizus erosusYam Bean, Jicama, Mexican YamClimber Perennial6.0 9-12 FLMHNM402
Pachyrhizus tuberosusJicama, AjipoPerennial Climber6.0 9-11  LMNM30 
Pachysandra procumbensAllegheny spurgePerennial0.3 5-8 SLMHFSM003
Pachysandra terminalisJapanese Spurge, Japanese pachysandra, PachysandraShrub0.2 4-8 MLMHFSDM20 
Packera aureaGolden Groundsel - Life Root, Golden ragwortPerennial0.8 3-7  LMHSNMWe020
Packera obovataRoundleaf ragwortPerennial0.6 3-8 FLMHFSNM002
Paederia foetidaSkunk VineClimber4.0 6-12 FLMHSNM242
Paederia scandens Climber5.5 - FLMHNM12 
Paeonia anomalaAnomalous peony, Common PeonyPerennial0.5 4-8  LMHSNM130
Paeonia browniiBrown's PeonyPerennial0.5 6-9  LMHSNM12 
Paeonia caucasica Perennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNM01 
Paeonia delavayiTree Peony, Dian mu danShrub1.6 5-9  LMHSNM13 
Paeonia emodi Perennial1.0 7-10  LMHSNM12 
Paeonia hybrida Perennial0.5 -  LMHSNM11 
Paeonia japonicaYama-ShakuyakuPerennial0.5 6-9  LMHSNM11 
Paeonia lactifloraChinese Peony, PeonyPerennial0.8 4-10 MLMHSNDM13 
Paeonia luteaTree Peony, Dian mu danShrub1.5 6-9  LMHSNM13 
Paeonia mascula Perennial1.0 7-10  LMHSNDM01 
Paeonia obovata Perennial0.5 6-9  LMHSNM03 
Paeonia officinalisPeony, Common peonyPerennial0.6 4-10 MLMHSNM12 
Paeonia ostiiTree PeonyShrub1.5 6-9  LMHSNM12 
Paeonia potaniniiTree PeonyShrub0.6 6-9  LMHSNM12 
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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