Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Latin Names: E
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Ageratina altissimaWhite Snakeroot, RichweedPerennial2.0 5-9  LMHSNM020
Ageratina aromatica Perennial1.5 4-8  LMHSNM11 
Ageratina herbaceaFragrant SnakerootPerennial2.0 5-9  LMHSNM01 
Ageratina ligustrina Shrub5.0 9-11  LMHNM00 
Ageratina occidentalisWestern SnakerootPerennial0.7 5-9  LMHSNM01 
Calluna vulgarisHeather, Scotch HeatherShrub0.6 4-7  LMSNDM225
Conyza canadensisCanada Fleabane, Canadian horseweedAnnual1.0 6-9  LMSNDM131
Corema albumPortuguese CrowberryShrub0.3 7-10  LMSNDM10 
Corema conradiiPoverty Grass, Broom crowberryShrub0.3 3-7  LMSNDM10 
Dactyloctenium radulansButton Grass, ButtongrassAnnual0.2 0-0  LMHSNM10 
Daphne involucrata Shrub0.0 -  MHSNM00 
Dimocarpus longanLongan, Lungan, Dragon's Eye, Cat's EyeTree12.0 8-10 FLMHSNM432
Duboisia myoporoidesCorkwoodTree10.0 10-12 FLMNM032
Ecballium elateriumSquirting CucumberPerennial0.3 8-11  LMHNDM02 
Echinacea angustifoliaEchinacea, Blacksamson echinacea, Strigose blacksamsonPerennial1.2 3-8  LMHNDM052
Echinacea pallidaCone Flower, Pale purple coneflowerPerennial1.0 4-8  LMHNM05 
Echinacea purpureaEchinacea, Eastern purple coneflower, Hedge Coneflower, Black Sampson , Purple ConeflowerPerennial1.2 3-10 MLMNDM152
Echinochloa colonaJungle RiceAnnual1.0 0-0  LMHNM200
Echinochloa crus-galliBarnyard Millet, Barnyardgrass,Annual1.2 5-9  LMHNM320
Echinochloa frumentaceaJapanese Millet, Billion-dollar grassAnnual1.8 0-0  LMHNM31 
Echinochloa polystachyaAleman Grass. German grassPerennial2.0 10-12 FLMHNMWeWa004
Echinocystis lobataWild CucumberAnnual8.0 0-0 FLMHNM010
Echinophora spinosa Perennial0.5 -  LMHSNM20 
Echinops latifolius Perennial0.5 3-7  LMHNDM01 
Echinops ritroGlobe Thistle, Southern globethistle, Small Globe ThistlePerennial0.5 3-10 FLMHNDM01 
Echinops setiferGlobe ThistlePerennial1.0 -  LMHSNDM12 
Echinops spinosissimus Perennial0.8 6-9  LMHNDM10 
Echium vulgareViper's Bugloss, Common viper's buglossBiennial/Perennial0.9 0-0  LMHNDM120
Eclipta prostrataHan Lian Cao, False daisyAnnual0.6 10-12  LMHSMWe132
Edgeworthia chrysanthaOriental paperbushShrub2.0 7-10  LMHSNM01 
Edgeworthia gardneriNepalese Paper BushShrub2.0 7-10  LMHSNM00 
Edgeworthia papyriferaPaperbush, Oriental PaperbushShrub2.5 7-10  LMHSNM104
Ehretia acuminataKoda TreeTree9.0 6-9  LMNM21 
Ehretia anacuaAnaqua, KnockawayTree5.0 7-10  LMHNDM20 
Ehretia dicksonii Tree10.0 6-9  LMSNM20 
Ehretia ovalifolia Tree12.0 6-9  LMNM20 
Eichhornia crassipesWater Hyacinth, Common water hyacinthPerennial0.3 10-11 FLMHSNM200
Elaeagnus angustifoliaOleaster, Russian oliveShrub7.0 2-7 MLMHNDM424
Elaeagnus commutataSilverberryShrub3.0 2-6 MLMHNDM324
Elaeagnus cordifolia Shrub4.0 0-0 MLMHFSNDM523
Elaeagnus formosana Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNDM22 
Elaeagnus fragrans Shrub3.0 - MLMHNDM22 
Elaeagnus glabraGoat nippleShrub6.0 7-10 MLMHFSNDM423
Elaeagnus gonyanthes Shrub4.0 - MLMHNDM22 
Elaeagnus latifoliaBastard OleasterShrub3.0 8-11 MLMHNDM322
Elaeagnus macrophyllaBroad-leaved OleasterShrub3.0 6-9 MLMHFSNDM523
Elaeagnus maritima Shrub6.0 -  LMHFSNDM22 
Elaeagnus montana Shrub4.0 - MLMHNDM22 
Elaeagnus multifloraGoumi, Cherry silverberryShrub3.0 5-9 MLMHSNDM523
Elaeagnus multiflora ovataGoumiShrub3.0 5-9 MLMHSNDM523
Elaeagnus oldhamii Shrub4.0 -  LMHSNDM22 
Elaeagnus orientalisTrebizond DateShrub12.0 4-8 MLMHNDM422
Elaeagnus parvifoliaAutumn oliveShrub4.5 3-7 MLMHNDM422
Elaeagnus pungensElaeagnus, Thorny olive, Thorny Elaeagnus, Oleaster, Silverberry, Silverthorn, Pungent ElaeagnusShrub4.0 6-10 MLMHFSNDM523
Elaeagnus pyriformis Shrub0.0 - MLMHNDM22 
Elaeagnus thunbergii Shrub3.0 -  LMHSNDM22 
Elaeagnus umbellataAutumn OliveShrub4.5 3-7 MLMHNDM423
Elaeagnus x ebbingeiElaeagnus, Ebbing's SilverberryShrub5.0 5-9 MLMHFSNDM524
Elaeagnus x reflexa Shrub4.5 6-9 MLMHFSNDM324
Elaeagnus yoshinoi Shrub5.0 -  LMHSNDM22 
Elaeis guineensisAfrican Oil PalmTree15.0 10-12 SLMHNMWe525
Elaeis oleiferaAmerican Oil PalmTree4.0 10-12 SLMHNM305
Elaeocarpus cyaneusBlueberry AshTree12.0 8-11  LMHSNM10 
Elaeocarpus dentatus Tree18.0 8-11  LMHSNM20 
Elaeocarpus hookerianus Tree0.0 8-11  LMHSNM00 
Elaeocarpus lanceaefolius Tree0.0 8-11  LMHSNM10 
Elatostema cuneatum Annual0.3 -  LMHSM10 
Elatostema dissectum Perennial0.7 -  LMHSNM10 
Elatostema laetevirens Perennial0.3 -  LMHSM10 
Eleocharis dulcisChinese Water ChestnutPerennial1.0 9-12  LMHNWeWa412
Eleocharis palustrisCommon Spike-Rush, Common spikerushPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNWeWa10 
Eleusine coracanaFinger Millet, African finger milletAnnual0.3 8-11  LMHNM42 
Eleusine indicaWire Grass, Indian goosegrass, Yard Grass, Goose GrassAnnual0.5 8-11 FLMHNM310
Eleusine tocussa Annual0.8 -  LMHSNM10 
Eleutherococcus chiisanensis Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNM20 
Eleutherococcus divaricatus Shrub3.5 5-9  LMHSNM20 
Eleutherococcus gracylistylusWu Jia PiShrub3.0 5-9  LMHSNM13 
Eleutherococcus innovansTaka-No-TsumeTree6.0 6-9  LMHNM10 
Eleutherococcus japonicus Shrub3.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Eleutherococcus senticosusSiberian GinsengShrub2.0 3-7 SLMHSNM25 
Eleutherococcus seoulensis Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus Shrub4.5 4-8  LMHSNM23 
Eleutherococcus sieboldianusUkogi, Five Leafed AraliaShrub3.0 4-8 SLMHSNM302
Eleutherococcus spinosus Shrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM22 
Eleutherococcus trifoliatus Shrub6.0 6-9  LMHSNM11 
Elodea canadensisCanadian Pondweed, Canadian waterweedPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHSNWa010
Elsholtzia ciliataCrested latesummer mintAnnual0.6 4-8  LMHNM220
Elsholtzia fruticosaJi Gu ChaiShrub1.5 4-8  LMHSNM11 
Elsholtzia splendensShiny ElsholtziaAnnual0.4 -  LMHNM02 
Elymus canadensisCanadian Wild RyePerennial0.8 3-7  LMHNM20 
Elymus glaucaBlue Wild RyePerennial1.0 4-8  LMHNDM20 
Elymus hispidusWild triga, Pubescent wheatgrass,Perennial0.8 6-9 FLMHNM404
Elytrigia junceaSand CouchPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHNDM00 
Elytrigia repensCouch GrassPerennial0.6 -  LMHFSNDMWe23 
Embelia ribesFalse black pepper, White-flowered EmbeliaClimber15.0 10-12 FLMHSM342
Emex australisDoublegee, Southern threecornerjackAnnual0.1 0-0  LMHSNM110
Emilia coccineaTassel Flower, Scarlet tasselflowerAnnual0.6 8-11  LMHNDM21 
Emilia sonchifoliaCupid's Shaving Brush, Lilac tasselflowerAnnual0.6 8-11  LMHNM32 
Eminium spiculatum Perennial0.3 7-10  LMNDM10 
Empetrum atropurpureumPurple CrowberryShrub0.2 -  LMSNM20 
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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