Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Common Names: W
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abies pindrowWest Himalayan FirTree30.0 5-7 SLMHFSNM00 
Acacia coriaceaWiry Wattle, Acacia, Leather LeafTree5.0 9-11 MLMHSNDM30 
Aciphylla colensoiWild SpaniardPerennial0.9 6-9  LMNDM20 
Aconitum lycoctonumWolfsbanePerennial1.0 3-7  LMHSNM11 
Aconitum lycoctonum vulpariaWolfbanePerennial1.0 3-7  LMHSNM11 
Aconitum uncinatumWild Monkshood, Southern blue monkshoodPerennial1.0 5-9  LMHSNM01 
Actaea pachypodaWhite BaneberryPerennial0.8 3-7  LMHSM02 
Ageratina altissimaWhite Snakeroot, RichweedPerennial2.0 5-9  LMHSNM020
Ageratina occidentalisWestern SnakerootPerennial0.7 5-9  LMHSNM01 
Albizia proceraWhite Siris, Tall Albizia, Forest SirisTree25.0 10-12 FLMHNM124
Allium ampeloprasumWild Leek, Broadleaf wild leekBulb1.8 5-9  LMHNDM532
Allium dregeanumWild OnionBulb0.6 -  LMNDM32 
Allium fistulosumWelsh OnionBulb0.6 5-9  LMHNM522
Allium mutabileWild OnionBulb0.5 -  LMNM32 
Allium tricoccumWood Leek, RampBulb0.3 5-9  LMSM423
Allium ursinumWild GarlicBulb0.3 4-8  LMFSNM53 
Alnus rhombifoliaWhite AlderTree12.0 8-11 FMHSNMWe12 
Anemone nemorosaWood Anemone, European thimbleweedPerennial0.2 4-8 FLMHFSNDM01 
Anemone quinquefoliaWind Flower, Wood anemone, Twoleaf anemone, NightcapsPerennial0.3 6-9  LMHFSM01 
Angelica sylvestrisWild Angelica,Woodland angelicaBiennial1.5 4-8  LMHFSNM32 
Annona mucosaWild SweetsopTree12.0 10-12 FLMHNM512
Apium graveolensWild Celery. Ajmod, Ajwain-ka-patta (Indian)Biennial0.6 5-9  LMHSM33 
Aponogeton distachyosWater Hawthorn, Cape pondweed, VleikosPerennial0.0 8-11  LMHNWeWa200
Aquilegia canadensisWild Columbine, Red columbine, Meeting Houses, Common ColumbinePerennial0.6 4-10 MLMSNM222
Aquilegia formosaWestern ColumbinePerennial0.8 3-7  LMSNM22 
Aralia nudicaulisWild SarsaparillaPerennial0.4 4-8  LMHFSM433
Argemone albifloraWhite Prickly Poppy, Bluestem pricklypoppyAnnual1.5 6-9  LNDM01 
Artemisia absinthiumWormwood, Absinthium.Perennial1.0 4-9 MLMSNDM132
Artemisia lactifloraWhite MugwortPerennial1.5 4-8 SLMHSNM02 
Artemisia ludovicianaWhite Sage, Louisiana Sage, Prairie Sage, Western MugwortPerennial1.0 4-9 MLMSNDM222
Artemisia ludoviciana gnaphalodesWhite SagePerennial1.0 4-8  LMSNDM02 
Artemisia tilesiiWormwood, Tilesius' wormwoodPerennial1.5 0-0  LMSNDM12 
Asarum caudatumWild Ginger, British Columbia wildgingerPerennial0.1 6-10 FLMHFSM32 
Asarum sieboldiiWild GingerPerennial0.2 -  LMHFSM02 
Asclepias eriocarpaWoollypod MilkweedPerennial0.9 7-10  LSNDM22 
Asplenium ruta-murariaWall Rue, Lance aspleniumFern0.1 5-9 SLMSM02 
Aster lanceolatusWhite Panicle AsterPerennial2.0 4-8  LMHSNM012
Astragalus hoantchyWu La Te Huang QiPerennial0.4 -  LMNDM11 
Atriplex elegansWheelscale SaltbushAnnual0.2 0-0  LMNDM200
Atriplex truncataWedgescale SaltbushAnnual0.9 7-10  LMNDM204
Attalea butyraceaWine PalmTree20.0 10-12 MLMHNDM405
Avena fatuaWild OatsAnnual1.5 0-0  LMHNDM212
Azolla pinnataWater Fern, Ferny or Red AzollaFern0.0 11-12 FLMHFSNMWeWa004
Baptisia australisWild Indigo, Blue wild indigo, Blue False IndigoPerennial1.5 3-9 SLMNDM022
Baptisia lacteaWild IndigoPerennial2.0 4-8  LMNM01 
Baptisia pendulaWhite False Indigo, False IndigoPerennial1.0 3-9 SLMNM00 
Baptisia tinctoriaWild Indigo, HorseflyweedPerennial0.9 4-8  LMNDM132
Bauhinia petersianaWhite bauhinia, Zambezi coffeeTree7.0 9-12 FLMNDM322
Benincasa hispidaWax GourdAnnual6.0 9-11  LMHNM33 
Berberis wilsoniaeWilson barberryShrub1.0 6-9  LMHSNDM321
Betula occidentalisWater BirchTree9.0 0-0 FLMHSNM323
Betula platyphyllaWhite Birch, Asian white birch,Tree20.0 3-6 FLMHNDM222
Betula pubescensWhite Birch, Downy birchTree20.0 2-9 FLMHNDMWe335
Brasenia schreberiWater ShieldPerennial0.1 -  LMHNWa32 
Brassica oleraceaWild Cabbage, Broccoli, Tronchuda cabbage, Brussels sprouts, Kohlrabi, Sprouting broccoliBiennial/Perennial1.2 6-9  LMHSNM423
Brassica rapa campestrisWild TurnipAnnual0.8 6-9  LMHSNM21 
Brassica tournefortiiWild Turnip-Rape, Asian mustardAnnual0.6 7-11  LMHNM201
Brucea antidysentericaWaginosTree7.0 10-12 MLMHFSNM141
Bryonia albaWhite BryonyPerennial Climber4.0 5-9 FLMHSNM120
Calla palustrisWater ArumPerennial0.3 4-8  LMHNWeWa22 
Callitriche hermaphroditicaWater Starwort, Northern water-starwortPerennial0.3 5-9  LMHNWa00 
Callitris columellarisWhite Cypress-PineTree20.0 9-11  LMNDM00 
Calopogonium caeruleumWild jicamaClimber5.0 10-12 FLMHFSNM004
Caltha leptosepalaWestern Marsh Marigold, Howell's marsh marigold, Sulphur marsh marigoldPerennial0.3 3-7  LMHSNWeWa21 
Camassia leichtliniiWild Hyacinth, Large camas, Suksdorf's large camasBulb1.0 3-7  LMHSNM40 
Cardamine flexuosaWavy Bittercress,Woodland bittercressAnnual/Perennial0.5 4-8  LMHSNMWe20 
Carduus crispusWelted Thistle, Curly plumeless thistleBiennial0.9 6-9  LMHNM111
Carex aquatilisWater sedge, Sitka sedgePerennial1.0 3-7  LMHSNMWe10 
Carex sylvaticaWood sedgePerennial0.6 3-8 FMHSNMWe003
Carya aquaticaWater HickoryTree20.0 5-9 SLMHNM10 
Casimiroa edulisWhite Sapote, Mexican AppleTree16.0 8-11 MLMHNM532
Cassia sieberianaWest African LaburnumTree15.0 10-12 MLMHNDM142
Cassiope tetragonaWhite Arctic Mountain HeatherShrub0.3 3-7  LMSDM00 
Castilleja linariaefoliaWyoming Indian PaintbrushPerennial0.6 -  LMHSNM12 
Catabrosa aquaticaWater WhirlGrassPerennial0.7 3-7  LMHSNWeWa11 
Cercis occidentalisWestern Redbud, California RedbudShrub4.5 5-9 MLMSNDM303
Ceroxylon alpinumWax PalmTree20.0 8-11 SLMHSNM10 
Ceroxylon quindiuenseWax PalmTree20.0 8-11 SLMHSNM10 
Ceroxylon utileWax PalmTree20.0 8-11 SLMHSNM10 
Chamaecyparis thyoidesWhite Cypress, Atlantic white cedar, Coast White Cedar, Southern White Cedar, White CypressTree10.0 4-9 SLMHSNDMWe01 
Chenopodium ambrosioides anthelminticumWormseedAnnual/Perennial1.0 7-10  LMHNM23 
Chenopodium virideWhite Goosefoot, PigweedAnnual0.9 0-0  LMHNM20 
Chimonanthus praecoxWinter SweetShrub3.0 7-9 MLMHNM21 
Chiococca albaWest Indian Snow Berry, David's rot, Skunk-root, Snowberry.Shrub6.0 10-12 MLMHNM021
Chrysosplenium americanumWater Mat, American golden saxifragePerennial0.1 3-7  LMHSNMWe102
Cirsium eriophorumWooly ThistleBiennial1.5 5-9  LMHNM20 
Cirsium hookerianumWhite ThistlePerennial1.5 -  LMHNM20 
Cirsium undulatumWavy-Leaved Thistle, Tracy's thistlePerennial0.6 0-0  LMHNDM312
Citrullus lanatusWater MelonAnnual0.5 8-11  LMNDM43 
Clarkia purpureaWinecup clarkiaAnnual0.6 0-0  LMHSNM10 
Clematis chinensisWei Ling XianClimber5.0 5-9  LMHSNM12 
Clematis ligusticifoliaWhite Clematis, Western white clematis, California clematis,Climber5.0 4-8  LMHSNM02 
Clinopodium vulgareWild BasilPerennial0.5 6-9  LMSNM21 
Commelina erecta angustifoliaWhitemouth DayflowerPerennial0.8 8-11  LMSNDM21 
Coreopsis verticillataWhorled tickseedPerennial1.0 3-9 FLMNDM113
Cornus occidentalisWestern DogwoodShrub6.0 5-9  LMHSNM11 
Crataegus opacaWestern MayhawShrub9.0 4-8 MLMHSNMWe323
Crataegus phaenopyrumWashington Thorn, Washington HawthornTree10.0 4-8 MLMHSNMWe22 
Cucumis melo agrestisWild MelonAnnual Climber1.5 9-11  LMHNM32 
Cucurbita maximaWinter SquashAnnual Climber0.6 2-11 FLMHSNM532
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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