Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Common Names: S
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abies albaSilver Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, European Silver Fir, SilverTree45.0 5-8 FLMHFSNM234
Abies fraseriShe Balsam, Fraser fir, Southern Balsam FirTree15.0 4-7 FLMHFSNM130
Abies lasiocarpaSubalpine Fir, Alpine FirTree25.0 5-6 SLMHFSNM22 
Abies religiosaSacred FirTree40.0 7-10 FLMHFSNM01 
Abies sachalinensisSakhalin FirTree30.0 3-6 SLMHFSNM00 
Abies sibiricaSiberian FirTree30.0 -  LMHFSNM01 
Abronia fragransSnowball Sand VerbenaPerennial0.6 7-10  LMNDM21 
Abronia latifoliaSand Verbena, Coastal sand verbenaPerennial0.1 7-10  LNDM20 
Abutilon vitifolium Shrub8.0 7-10  LMHSNM30 
Acacia concinnaShikakai, Soap-PodTree10.0 10-11 MLMND214
Acacia farnesianaSweet Acacia, Perfume Acacia, HuisacheShrub9.0 9-11 FLMHNDM22 
Acacia holosericeaStrap wattle, Candelabra wattleShrub3.0 10-12 FLMHNM123
Acacia longifoliaSydney Golden Wattle, AcaciaTree9.0 10-11 MLNDM30 
Acacia retinodesSwamp Wattle, Water wattleTree6.0 7-10  LMNDM20 
Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore, Great Maple, Scottish Maple, Planetree MapleTree30.0 4-7 FLMHSNM214
Acer saccharinumSilver Maple, River Maple, Soft MapleTree30.0 3-9 FLMHSNM314
Acer saccharumSugar Maple, Florida Maple, Hard Maple, Rock MapleTree30.0 4-8 SLMHSNM424
Acer truncatumShantung Maple, Purpleblow MapleTree8.0 3-8 SLMHSNM10 
Achillea ptarmicaSneeze-Wort, SneezeweedPerennial0.6 3-9 FLMHNM212
Achillea sibiricaSiberian YarrowPerennial0.5 5-9  LMHNDM11 
Aciphylla squarrosaSpeargrassPerennial2.5 4-8  LMNDM20 
Acorus calamusSweet Flag - CalamusPerennial1.0 4-11 MLMHNWeWa34 
Acourtia microcephalaSacapellotePerennial1.4 7-10  LMNDM01 
Actinidia polygamaSilver VineClimber6.0 4-8  LMHSNM42 
Adenophora strictaSha Shen, LadybellsPerennial1.0 7-9  LMNM21 
Aesculus flavaSweet Buckeye, Yellow buckeyeTree20.0 4-8 MLMHSNM40 
Agalinis tenuifoliaSlenderleaf False FoxglovePerennial0.6 7-10  LMSNDM01 
Agave sisalanaSisalPerennial2.0 9-11 FLMHSNDM224
Agriophyllum squarrosumSand RiceAnnual0.4 -  LMHSNM10 
Albizia lebbeckSiris Tree, Woman's Tongue, East Indian WalnutTree15.0 10-11 FLMHNM124
Albuca amboensisSlime LilyBulb0.0 -  LMNDM20 
Albuca canadensisSlime Lily, AlbucaBulb0.4 9-11 MLMNDM10 
Albuca majorSlime LilyBulb0.5 7-10  LMNDM10 
Allium brevistylumShortstyle OnionBulb0.5 -  LMNMWe32 
Allium cepa ascalonicumShallotBulb0.3 4-8  LMNM53 
Allium flavumSmall Yellow Onion, Ornamental OnionBulb0.5 4-7 MLMHSNM22 
Allium sativum ophioscorodonSerpent GarlicBulb0.6 7-10  LMNDM554
Allium validumSwamp Onion, Pacific onionBulb0.6 7-10  LMNMWe32 
Alnus maritimaSeaside Alder, Beach AlderTree9.0 3-7 MMHNMWe00 
Alnus rugosaSpeckled AlderTree22.0 2-6 FMHSNMWe023
Alnus serrulataSmooth Alder, Hazel alderShrub4.5 3-9  MHNMWe022
Alnus sinuataSitka AlderShrub4.0 2-9 FMHSNMWe113
Alopecurus aequalisShortawn Foxtail, Sonoma shortawn foxtailAnnual/Perennial0.3 0-0  LMHSNMWe11 
Amaranthus blitumSlender Amaranth, Purple amaranthAnnual1.0 4-8  LMHNM422
Amaranthus dubiusSpleen AmaranthAnnual1.0 -  LMHNM20 
Amaranthus graecizansSpreading Pigweed, Mediterranean amaranthAnnual0.5 0-0  LMHNM20 
Amaranthus spinosusSpiny AmaranthAnnual0.6 4-11  LMHNM231
Amelanchier alnifoliaSaskatoon, Saskatoon serviceberry, ServiceberryShrub4.0 4-6 MLMHSNM523
Amelanchier obovalisSouthern Juneberry, Coastal serviceberryTree1.5 5-9  LMHSNM301
Amelanchier ovalisSnowy Mespilus, Dwarf Garden ServiceberryShrub5.0 5-7 SLMHNM20 
Anagallis arvensisScarlet PimpernelAnnual0.1 6-9  LMHNDM223
Angophora cordifoliaSmooth-Barked AppleTree30.0 8-11  LMNM01 
Annona muricataSour SopTree7.0 10-12 FLMHSNM432
Annona squamosaSugar Apple, Sweetsop, Custard AppleTree6.0 10-12 SLMNDM522
Anthoxanthum odoratumSweet Vernal GrassPerennial0.5 0-0  LMHNDM22 
Antirrhinum majusSnapdragon, Garden snapdragonPerennial1.0 5-10 MLMSNDM112
Apium prostratumSea Celery, Prostrate marshwortPerennial0.6 0-0  LMHSM30 
Apocynum androsaemifoliumSpreading DogbanePerennial0.6 4-8  LMHFSNDM021
Aquilegia brevistylaSmallflower columbinePerennial0.9 0-0  LMSNM21 
Aralia schmidtiiSakhalin SpikenardPerennial3.0 4-8  LMHFSM20 
Arbutus unedoStrawberry TreeTree9.0 7-11 MLMSNDM422
Arctostaphylos stanfordianaStanford's manzanita, Rincon manzanitaShrub1.5 5-9  LMSNDM301
Arenga pinnataSolitary Sugar PalmTree15.0 10-12 MLMHSNM414
Aristolochia rotundaSnakerootPerennial0.6 -  MSNM02 
Armeria maritimaSea Thrift, Thrift seapink, California seapink, Interior seapink, Siberian sea thriftPerennial0.1 3-9 SLMNDM11 
Artemisia abrotanumSouthernwoodShrub1.2 4-8  LMHSNDM13 
Artemisia filifoliaSand Sage, Sand sagebrushShrub1.2 3-7  LMSNDM021
Artemisia laciniataSiberian wormwoodPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHSNDM10 
Artemisia maritimaSea WormwoodShrub0.6 6-9  LMNDM12 
Artemisia schmidtianaSagebrush, Silvermound, Wormwood, MugwortPerennial0.3 5-8 MLMNDM10 
Artemisia tridentataSage Brush, Big sagebrush, Bonneville big sagebrushShrub2.5 4-10  LMNDM325
Arthrocnemum fruticosumGlasswortPerennial0.6 -  LMSNM10 
Arthropodium minusSmall Vanilla LilyPerennial0.3 7-10  LMNM20 
Artocarpus mariannensisSeeded breadfruit, Marianas breadTree15.0 10-12 FLMSNM434
Asarum canadenseSnake Root, Canadian wildginger, Canada Wild Ginger, Wild GingerPerennial0.1 3-9 SLMHFSM333
Asclepias incarnataSwamp Milkweed, Swamp Butterfly Weed, Marsh MilkweedPerennial1.2 3-8 MLMSNDMWe323
Asclepias speciosaShowy MilkweedPerennial0.8 3-9  LMSNDM323
Asparagus racemosusShatavariPerennial7.0 8-11  LMHSNDM35 
Asperula cynanchicaSquinancy WortPerennial0.4 4-8  LMHSNDM01 
Asplenium ceterachScale FernFern0.2 7-10  LMFSNM02 
Aster tripoliumSea AsterPerennial0.9 5-9  LMHNM21 
Astragalus boeticusSwedish CoffeeAnnual0.6 7-10  LMND20 
Astragalus diphysusSpecklepod Milkvetch, Freckled milkvetchPerennial0.0 0-0  LMND30 
Atriplex argenteaSilvery Orach, Silverscale saltbush, Stalked saltbushAnnual0.5 0-0  LMNM22 
Atriplex argentea expansaSilverscale SaltbushAnnual0.6 -  LMNM20 
Atriplex confertifoliaShadscale, Shadscale saltbushShrub1.8 6-9  LMNDM410
Atriplex glabriusculaScotland orache, Maritime saltbush, Frankton's saltbush, Northeastern saltbushAnnual0.3 0-0  LMNDM20 
Atriplex halimusSea Orach, SaltbushShrub2.0 7-10 MLMNDM513
Atriplex patulaSpreading Orach, Spear saltbushAnnual0.8 0-0  LMNM31 
Atriplex saccariaSack SaltbushAnnual0.3 -  LMNDM20 
Aucuba japonicaSpotted Laurel, Japanese laurel, Japanese Gold Dust TreeShrub3.0 7-10 MLMHFSNDM11 
Avena barbataSlender OatAnnual0.0 4-8 FLMNDM202
Avena sterilisSterile Oats, Animated oatAnnual1.0 0-0  MHNDM302
Bambusa blumeanaSpiny Bamboo. Spiny bamboo, Thorny bambooBamboo20.0 10-12 FMHNM203
Banksia marginataSilver BanksiaTree9.0 8-11  LMNM20 
Bassia scopariaSummer Cypress, BurningbushAnnual0.3 5-9  LMNM221
Beckmannia eruciformisSloughgrassPerennial1.5 -  LMHSNMWeWa20 
Berberis aggregataSalmon BarberryShrub1.5 5-9 MLMHSNDM321
Bergenia cordifoliaSiberian-tea, Pigsqueak, Heartleaf BergeniaPerennial0.3 3-9 MLMHFSNM00 
Bergenia crassifoliaSiberian TeaPerennial0.3 3-7  LMHFSNM20 
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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