Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Common Names: O
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abelmoschus esculentusOkraAnnual1.0 5-11  LMHNM432
Acer macrophyllumOregon Maple, Bigleaf maple, Oregon MapleTree30.0 5-9 FLMHSNM31 
Achnatherum hymenoidesIndian Millet, Indian ricegrassPerennial0.6 7-10  LMHNM303
Aesculus glabraOhio Buckeye, Fetid BuckeyeTree20.0 4-7 MLMHSNM21 
Allium cepaOnion, Garden onionBulb0.6 4-10  LMNM533
Allium unifoliumOne-Leaved OnionBulb0.6 7-10  LMNDM32 
Amelanchier bartramianaOblongfruit serviceberryShrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM300
Anacamptis pyramidalisPyramidal OrchidPerennial0.3 5-9  LMHNDM21 
Asclepias ovalifoliaOval-leaf milkweedPerennial0.6 5-9  LMSNDM20 
Asphodelus fistulosusOnionweedAnnual/Perennial0.6 7-10  LMSNDM210
Atriplex hortensisOrach, Garden oracheAnnual1.8 5-9 FLMNM42 
Atriplex truncataWedgescale SaltbushAnnual0.9 7-10  LMNDM204
Avena ludovicianaOatsAnnual0.0 -  LMHNDM20 
Avena sativaOats, Common oatAnnual0.9 0-0  LMHNDM334
Balsamorhiza sagittataOregon Sunflower, Arrowleaf balsamrootPerennial0.3 4-8  LMNDM422
Bambusa odashimaeOdashimae BambooBamboo15.0 9-12 FLMHSNM400
Bauhinia purpureaOrchid Tree, Purple Butterfly Tree, Mountain Ebony, Geranium Tree, Purple BauhiniaTree10.0 9-12 FLMSNM224
Buddleia globosaOrange Ball TreeShrub5.0 6-9  LMHNM01 
Castanea ozarkensisOzark ChinkapinTree18.0 5-9  LMHSNDM30 
Ceanothus sanguineusOregon Tea Tree, Redstem ceanothusShrub2.0 4-8  LMSNDM21 
Celastrus orbiculatusOriental BittersweetClimber12.0 4-8 FLMFSNM121
Celtis tournefortiiOriental hackberryTree8.0 6-9  LMNDM20 
Cephalostachyum pergracileTinwa BambooBamboo10.0 10-12 SLMHSNM303
Chenopodium glaucumOak-Leaved GoosefootAnnual0.3 -  LMHNM20 
Chenopodium overiOver's goosefootAnnual0.8 0-0  LMHNM20 
Clematis orientalisOriental virginsbowerClimber4.0 5-9  LMHSNM011
Cornus oblongaOblong-Petal DogwoodTree6.0 8-11  LMHSNM032
Cotoneaster franchetiiOrange cotoneasterShrub3.0 5-9  LMHFSNDM10 
Crassocephalum crepidioidesOkinawa Spinach, Redflower Ragleaf, FireweedPerennial0.8 10-12 FLMFSNM422
Cucumis melo chitoOrange MelonAnnual Climber1.5 9-11  LMHNM32 
Dactylorhiza incarnataMarsh OrchidBulb0.3 6-9  LMHSNM22 
Dactylorhiza maculataSpotted OrchidBulb0.6 4-8  LMHSNM22 
Datura quercifoliaOak Leaf Datura, Chinese thorn-appleAnnual1.5 7-10  LMNDM130
Edgeworthia chrysanthaOriental paperbushShrub2.0 7-10  LMHSNM01 
Elaeagnus angustifoliaOleaster, Russian oliveShrub7.0 2-7 MLMHNDM424
Erodium malacoidesOval Heron's BillAnnual/Biennial0.0 -  LMNDM20 
Erythrophleum ivorenseOrdealtree, sasswoodtreeTree30.0 10-12 MLMHNM134
Fagus orientalisOriental BeechTree20.0 4-8 MLMFSNDM20 
Fortunella margaritaOval KumquatShrub3.0 7-10  LMHNM301
Fouquieria splendensOcotillo. Coach whipShrub6.0 8-11 MLMHND222
Fraxinus latifoliaOregon AshTree20.0 5-9  LMHNM01 
Fraxinus ornusManna Ash, Flowering ashTree9.0 5-6 SLMHNDM33 
Gymnadenia conopseaFragrant OrchidBulb0.3 6-9  LMHSNM22 
Helenium hoopesiiOwls Claws, Orange SneezeweedPerennial0.9 4-8 MLMHSNM11 
Ilex integraMochi TreeTree6.0 6-9  LMHSNM10 
Iris germanica florentinaOrris, Orris-rootPerennial0.9 5-10 MLMSNM13 
Isodon inflexus Perennial0.6 -  LMHSNM10 
Juglans olanchanaOlancho walnut, Central American walnutTree45.0 10-12 MLMHSNMWe203
Juniperus monospermaOne-Seed JuniperTree18.0 4-8 MLMHNDM323
Lespedeza formosaOriental lespedezaShrub2.0 5-9  LMNM003
Leucanthemum vulgareOx-Eye Daisy, MargueritePerennial0.6 3-9 MLMHNM222
Licania rigidaOiticicaTree12.0 10-12 MLMHSNMWe003
Ligusticum canbyiOshaPerennial1.2 3-6 MLMHFSM302
Lilium speciosumOriental LilyBulb1.2 4-9 MLMSNM21 
Liquidambar orientalisOriental Sweet GumTree10.0 7-10 SLMHSNM23 
Lonicera ciliosaOrange HoneysuckleClimber10.0 4-8 MLMHSNM22 
Maclura pomiferaOsage Orange, Bois D'ArcTree15.0 4-9 MLMHNDM12 
Macromeria viridifloraGiant Trumpets, Thurber's giant-trumpetsPerennial0.9 6-9  LMHNDM01 
Mahonia aquifoliumOregon Grape, Hollyleaved barberry, Oregon Holly Grape, Oregon HollyShrub2.0 4-8 FLMHFSNDM333
Mahonia nervosaOregon Grape, Cascade barberryShrub0.6 5-9 SLMHFSNDM323
Malus fuscaOregon Crab, Oregon crab appleTree12.0 5-9 SLMHSNM32 
Matteuccia orientalis Fern0.6 4-8  LMHSM10 
Matteuccia pensylvanicaOstrich FernFern0.6 -  LMHSM20 
Matteuccia struthiopterisOstrich FernFern1.0 2-7 MLMHSM212
Mertensia maritimaOyster PlantPerennial0.2 3-7  LMNDM30 
Mertensia oblongifoliaOblongleaf bluebellsPerennial0.3 4-8  LMHSNMWe10 
Microtis unifoliaOnion-Leaf OrchisPerennial0.5 8-11  LMHSNM10 
Milicia regiaOroko, IrokoTree30.0 10-12 FLMNM225
Mirabilis nyctagineaWild Four O'clock Plant, Heartleaf four o'clockPerennial1.0 7-10  LMHSNM020
Nerium oleanderOleander, Rose BayShrub4.0 9-11 FMHNDM02 
Nyssa ogecheOgeechee Lime, Ogeechee tupeloTree15.0 0-0  LMHSNMWe20 
Ocimum basilicumSweet Basil, Common Basil, Thai Basil, Tropical BasilPerennial0.5 9-11 FLMNM43 
Ocotea kenyensisTransvaal stinkwood, stinkhoutTree20.0 10-12 FLMHNM024
Oemleria cerasiformisOso Berry, Indian plumShrub2.5 5-9  LMHSM21 
Oenanthe aquaticaWater Dropwort, Fineleaf waterdropwortPerennial1.5 0-0  LMHNWeWa02 
Oenanthe javanicaWater Dropwort, Java waterdropwort, Stolon waterdropwortPerennial1.0 5-11  LMHNWeWa323
Oenanthe peucidanifolia Perennial1.0 -  LMHNWe10 
Oenocarpus distichusPataua, Bacaba, White bacabaTree8.0 10-12 SLMHNM322
Oenothera biennisEvening Primrose, Sun Drop, Common evening primroseBiennial1.2 4-8  LMNDM353
Oenothera elata hookeriHooker's Evening PrimroseBiennial/Perennial0.8 6-9  LMNDM212
Oenothera glaziovianaLarge-Flower Evening Primrose, Redsepal evening primroseBiennial1.5 3-7  LMNDM22 
Oenothera lamarckiana Biennial1.0 -  LMNDM10 
Oenothera odorata Perennial0.9 4-8  LMNDM102
Okoubaka aubrevilleiOkoubaka treeTree23.0 10-12 MLMHNDM042
Olea europaeaOlive, African olive, European oliveTree10.0 8-10 SLMHNDM430
Olearia avicenniifoliaAkeakeShrub3.0 7-10  LMNM00 
Olearia paniculata Shrub6.0 8-11  LMHNM00 
Onobrychis viciifoliaSainfoinPerennial1.0 5-9  LMNM104
Ononis repensRest Harrow, Common restharrowPerennial0.6 5-9  LMHNDM21 
Ononis spinosaSpiny Rest HarrowPerennial0.6 5-9  LMHNDM223
Onosma echioidesOnosmaPerennial0.3 6-9  LMNDM01 
Ophrys holosericaLate Spider OrchidPerennial0.6 5-9  LMHSNDM22 
Ophrys insectiferaFly OrchidPerennial0.5 5-9  LMHSNM22 
Ophrys sphegodesEarly Spider OrchidPerennial0.5 5-9  LMHSNM22 
Opopanax chironiumOpopanaxPerennial1.8 5-9  LMHNDM01 
Opuntia compressaEastern Prickly Pear, Prickly Pear CactusPerennial0.2 8-10 FLMND312
Opuntia imbricataTree CholaPerennial3.0 8-11  LMND200
Opuntia ramosissimaBranched Pencil ChollaPerennial0.6 7-10  LMND300
Opuntia tomentosaVelvet prickly pear, Woollyjoint PricklypearPerennial4.5 9-12 MLMNDM303
Orchis italica Bulb0.3 4-8  LMHNM22 
12

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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