Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Common Names: I
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abelia trifloraIndian AbeliaShrub3.5 5-9 MLMSNDM001
Achnatherum hymenoidesIndian Millet, Indian ricegrassPerennial0.6 7-10  LMHNM303
Aconitum feroxIndian aconitePerennial1.0 5-9  LMHSNM01 
Aesculus indicaIndian Horse ChestnutTree30.0 6-9  LMHSNM31 
Afzelia africanaAfrican MahoganyTree8.0 10-12 MLMHNMWe224
Agave lechuguillaIxtle, ChihuahuaPerennial0.6 10-12 MLMHNDM124
Alchornea castaneifoliaIporuruTree8.0 10-12 FLMHSNMWe042
Alnus cordataItalian AlderTree25.0 5-9 FMHSNDMWe004
Amaranthus standleyanusIndehiscent PigweedAnnual0.7 -  LMHNM20 
Apocynum cannabinumIndian HempPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHFSNM223
Arisaema quinatumIndian Turnip, Jack in the pulpitPerennial1.0 0-0  LMFSNM10 
Arum italicumItalian lords and ladies, Italian ArumPerennial0.4 5-9  LMHFSNDM20 
Aster amellusIalian AsterPerennial0.7 4-8  LMHNM22 
Astragalus aboriginorumIndian MilkvetchPerennial0.3 -  LMND20 
Atropa acuminataIndian BelladonnaPerennial0.9 -  LMFSNM03 
Attalea maripaInaja, Maripa PalmTree15.0 10-12 MLMHSNM325
Belamcanda chinensisLeopard Lily, Blackberry lily, Leopard FlowerPerennial1.0 4-10 FLMSNM13 
Betula utilisIndian Paper Birch, Whitebarked Himilayan Birch, Jacquemontii BirchTree20.0 5-6 FLMHSNM023
Brassica rapa dichotomaIndian RapeBiennial0.9 6-9  LMHSNM200
Brassica rapa trilocularisIndian ColzaBiennial0.9 6-9  LMHSNM200
Bumelia tenaxIronwood, Tough bullyTree8.0 8-11  LMHNM20 
Calocedrus decurrensIncense Cedar, California Incense CedarTree15.0 5-8 SLMHSNDM11 
Canna indicaIndian ShotPerennial1.5 7-10  LMHNM423
Carapichea ipecacuanhaIpecacShrub0.5 10-12 MLMHFSM040
Carex morrowiiIwashiba, Japanese Sedge Perennial0.6 5-9 FLMHFSNM004
Carpobrotus modestusInland PigfacePerennial0.2 8-11  LMHSNDM00 
Catalpa bignonioidesIndian Bean Tree, Southern catalpaTree15.0 5-9 MLMHNM02 
Centaurea depressaIranian knapweedAnnual/Perennial0.3 6-9  LMHNDM20 
Centaurea ibericaIberian Star Thistle, Iberian knapweedBiennial0.9 5-9  LMHNDM120
Cetraria islandicaIceland Moss, Island cetraria lichen, Oriental cetraria lichenLichen0.1 0-0 SLMHSNM33 
Chasmanthium latifoliumIndian Woodoats, Wild Oats Grass, North American Wild Oats, Northern Sea Oats, Spanglegrass River OaPerennial1.0 4-10 MLMSNM10 
Cirsium brevistylumIndian Thistle, Clustered thistlePerennial1.8 0-0  LMHSNM30 
Citrus ichangensisIchang PapedaShrub4.5 7-10  LMHNM22 
Cliftonia monophyllaIronwood, Buckwheat treeShrub4.0 7-10 SLMNM00 
Coccinia grandisIvy GourdPerennial3.0 8-11  LMHNM220
Coptis occidentalisIdaho goldthreadPerennial0.2 4-8  LMHSNM00 
Corylus jacquemontiiIndian Tree HazelTree25.0 6-9  LMHSNM30 
Crepis bursifoliaItalian hawksbeardPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHSNM20 
Cryptostegia grandifloraIndia Rubber VineClimber15.0 10-12 FLMHNM003
Cupressus sempervirensItalian CypressTree30.0 7-11 MLMHNDM02 
Diospyros celebicaIndonesian Ebony, black ebony, makassar-ebenholtsTree30.0 10-12 SLMHNM204
Diospyros malabaricaIndian Persimmon, Gaub, Timbiri, Mountain ebonyTree35.0 10-12 SLMHFSNM134
Distylium racemosumIsu TreeShrub2.0 7-10 SLMSM00 
Dittrichia viscosaFalse yellowheadPerennial0.5 0-0  LMHNM00 
Euphorbia intisyIntisy, Pencil PlantShrub5.0 10-12 FLMSND003
Fagraea fragransIronwood, TembusuTree25.0 10-12 SLMHNMWe024
Fragaria nubicolaIndian StrawberryPerennial0.2 5-9  LMHSNM21 
Gillenia trifoliataIndian Physic, Bowman's rootPerennial1.2 4-9 MLMHSNM03 
Gynandriris sisyrinchiumSpanish NutPerennial0.2 7-10  MHSNDM10 
Hedera helixIvy, English ivy, Algerian ivy, Baltic Ivy, Common IvyClimber15.0 5-11 MLMHFSNMWe034
Hoffmannseggia densifloraIndian Rush-PeaPerennial0.3 -  LMHSNM10 
Idesia polycarpaIdesiaTree12.0 4-8  LMHSNM10 
Ilex cassineCassine, Dahoon, Cassine HollyTree10.0 7-11 SLMHSNM11 
Ilex glabraInkberryShrub3.0 3-7 SLMHSNM102
Ilex opacaAmerican HollyShrub15.0 4-8 SLMHSNM22 
Ilex purpurea Tree12.0 7-10  LMHSNM02 
Illicium anisatumStar Anise, Chinese Anise,Japanese AniseShrub6.0 7-10 SLMSNM12 
Impatiens capensisJewelweedAnnual1.2 - FLMHSNM32 
Impatiens glanduliferaJewelweed, Ornamental jewelweedAnnual1.5 5-9 FLMHSNM310
Impatiens sulcata Annual1.5 -  LMHSNM20 
Imperata cylindricaCogongrass, Japanese Blood GrassPerennial1.2 6-9 SLMHNDM330
Indigofera arrectaBengal Indigo, Java indigo, Natal indigoPerennial2.0 10-12 MLMHNM224
Indigofera cassioides Shrub3.5 8-11  LMNM11 
Indigofera decoraChinese indigoShrub1.0 5-7 MLMNM213
Indigofera hendecaphyllaCreeping indigo, spicate indigo, trailing indigoShrub0.5 10-12 FLMHFSNDM004
Indigofera heteranthaIndigo BushShrub3.0 6-9  LMNDM10 
Indigofera kirilowiiKirilow's indigo, IndigoShrub1.5 5-7 MLMNM01 
Indigofera pseudotinctoriaIndigoShrub1.0 6-10 MLMNM10 
Indigofera suffruticosaAnil Indigo, Anil de pastoPerennial1.5 10-12 FLMHSNDM024
Indigofera tinctoriaIndigo, True Indigo, dye indigoShrub2.0 5-12 FLMHSNM224
Inga cinnamomeaInga Assu, Inga AcuTree12.0 10-12 FLMHNM403
Inga densifloraDensely flowered IngaTree15.0 10-12 MLMHNM402
Inga edulisIce Cream Bean, Monkey TamarindTree18.0 9-12 FLMHSNDMWe423
Inga jinicuilIce Cream Bean, JinicuilTree20.0 10-12 FLMHNM401
Inga veraIce cream bean, River koko, Guaba, Pois DouxTree15.0 10-12 FMHNM223
Inula conyzaPloughman's SpikenardBiennial/Perennial1.2 5-9  LMHNM01 
Ipomoea aquaticaKangkong, Swamp Morning GloryAnnual/Perennial0.5 7-12 FLMHNMWeWa420
Ipomoea jalapaJalapClimber3.0 -  LMHSNM03 
Ipomoea tricolorMorning Glory, GrannyvinePerennial Climber5.0 10-11 FLMHNM01 
Iris decora Perennial0.3 -  LMNDM01 
Iris douglasianaMountain Iris, Douglas irisPerennial0.3 6-9  LMSNDMWe000
Iris ensataJapanese Water IrisPerennial0.6 5-8 MLMNMWe11 
Iris filifolia Bulb0.5 -  LMNDM10 
Iris germanica florentinaOrris, Orris-rootPerennial0.9 5-10 MLMSNM13 
Iris macrosiphonBowltube IrisPerennial0.2 -  LMSNM01 
Iris tenaxTough-Leaf Iris, Klamath irisPerennial0.3 0-0  LMSNDM01 
Iris versicolorBlue Flag, Harlequin blueflagPerennial0.6 4-8  LMSNMWe03 
Irvingia gabonensisDika NutTree30.0 10-12 SLMHSNM433
Irvingia womboluBitter bush-mangoTree20.0 10-12 SLMHSNM422
Lactuca indicaIndian LettucePerennial1.2 -  LMSNM32 
Lagochilus inebriansIntoxicating MintShrub1.0 -  LMNDM12 
Leucaena diversifioliaIpil-ipilTree15.0 10-12 FLMHSNM003
Litsea glutinosaIndian Laurel. Brown bollygum, Maida lakriTree15.0 10-12 FLMHNM223
Lobelia inflataIndian TobaccoAnnual0.6 -  LMHSNM03 
Lolium multiflorumItalian RyegrassBiennial0.3 4-8  LMHNM00 
Lonicera caprifoliumItalian Honeysuckle, Italian woodbineClimber6.0 4-8 MLMHFSNM12 
Medeola virginianaIndian Cucumber RootPerennial0.3 3-7  LMSM411
Mesembryanthemum crystallinumIce Plant, Common iceplantPerennial0.1 8-11  LMHNDM310
Mezilaurus itaubaItaubaTree30.0 10-12 MLMSNM224
Mimusops elengiSpanish Cherry, BakulTree15.0 10-12 MLMHFSNM324
12

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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