Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Common Names: H
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abelmoschus esculentusOkraAnnual1.0 5-11  LMHNM432
Abelmoschus manihotAibikaPerennial3.0 8-11 FLMHNM412
Abelmoschus moschatusMusk Mallow,Musk OkraPerennial2.0 8-11 FLMHNM23 
Abies spectabilisHimalayan FirTree30.0 6-9 SLMHFSNM02 
Acacia cowleanaHall’s Creek wattleTree5.0 10-12 FLMNDM323
Acer carpinifoliumHornbeam MapleShrub10.0 4-7 SLMHSNM20 
Acer crataegifoliumHawthorn-Leaved MapleTree10.0 5-9  LMHSNM00 
Acrotriche serrulataHoneypotsShrub0.3 0-0  LMHSNM200
Actaea spicataHerb Christopher, BaneberryPerennial0.5 4-8  LMHFSM01 
Aesculus hippocastanumHorse Chestnut, European Horsechestnut, Common HorsechestnutTree30.0 4-7 FLMHSNDM343
Aesculus sppHorse chestnutTree30.0 4-9 FLMHSNDM444
Agastache canaHoary Balm Of Gilead, Mosquito plantPerennial0.8 0-0  LMNDM20 
Agave fourcroydesHenequenPerennial1.8 10-12 MLMHNDM013
Agave murpheyiHohokam Agave, Murphey agavePerennial1.0 8-12 SLMHNDM204
Agrimonia parvifloraHarvestlicePerennial2.0 -  LMHSNDM02 
Agrimonia pilosaHairy AgrimonyPerennial0.6 -  LMHSNDM23 
Ajuga ivaHerb IvyPerennial0.0 -  LMHSNM01 
Alcea roseaHollyhockPerennial2.4 5-9 FLMHNDM323
Allium acuminatumHooker's Onion, Tapertip onionBulb0.3 5-9  LMNDM32 
Amphicarpaea bracteataHog Peanut, American hogpeanutPerennial Climber1.5 4-9  LMHFSM513
Amphicarpaea pitcheriHog PeanutPerennial1.5 -  LMHFSM50 
Anemopsis californicaYerba MansaPerennial0.5 7-10  LMHSNWeWa22 
Annona liebmannianaHardshell custard-apple, Posh-teTree20.0 9-12 FLMHSNMWe400
Apios fortuneiHodo, HodoimoPerennial0.0 4-9  LMSNM513
Arabis hirsutaHairy rockcress, Mountain rockcress, Creamflower rockcressBiennial/Perennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNDM10 
Aralia spinosaHercule's Club, Aralia spinosa, American Angelica Tree, Hercules' Club, Devil's Walking StickTree9.0 5-9 SLMHFSM22 
Arctostaphylos columbianaHairy ManzanitaShrub1.5 6-9  LMSNM21 
Armoracia rusticanaHorseradish, Red ColePerennial0.7 4-9 FLMHSNM332
Arnica cordifoliaHeartleaf ArnicaPerennial0.5 0-0  LMHSNM02 
Arnica fulgensHillside Arnica, Foothill arnicaPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNM02 
Asplenium bulbiferumHen And Chicken Fern, Parsley Fern, Mother SpleenwortFern0.3 10-11 SLMHSNM10 
Asplenium scolopendriumHart's Tongue FernFern0.6 4-8 SLMFSDM02 
Astragalus chinensisHua Huang Qi, Chinese milkvetchPerennial0.7 0-0  LMND02 
Astragalus membranaceusHuang QiPerennial0.3 5-9  LMND053
Atriplex hastataHastate OrachAnnual0.8 0-0  LMNDM300
Avena orientalisHungarian OatAnnual0.0 -  LMHNDM31 
Bacopa monnieriHerb of Grace, Brahmi, Smooth Water HyssopPerennial0.3 8-11 FLMHSNMWe341
Balsamorhiza incanaHoary BalsamrootPerennial0.9 4-8  LMNDM31 
Bambusa multiplexHedge Bamboo, Chinese Goddess BambooBamboo4.5 8-11 FLMSNM20 
Begonia grandis evansianaHardy BegoniaPerennial1.0 6-9 MLMHSM02 
Blechnum spicantHard Fern, Deer fernFern0.3 4-8 SLMHFSNM21 
Blephilia hirsutaHairy wood-mint or hairy pagoda plantPerennial0.7 4-7 MLMSNDM202
Bletilla striataHyacinth Orchid, Urn orchid, Hyacinth Bletilla, Hardy Orchid, Chinese Ground OrchidBulb0.4 5-8  MSM03 
Brassica juncea integrifolia rugosaHead MustardAnnual0.6 6-10 FLMHSNM422
Brassica juncea rugosaHead MustardAnnual0.6 6-9  LMHSNM42 
Bromus ramosusHairy BromePerennial1.5 4-8  LMHSNDM01 
Bupleurum rotundifoliumHare's EarAnnual0.4 5-9  LMNDM100
Burretiodendron hsienmuHsienmu woodTree35.0 10-12 SLMHNM004
Calluna vulgarisHeather, Scotch HeatherShrub0.6 4-7  LMSNDM225
Calocedrus decurrensIncense Cedar, California Incense CedarTree15.0 5-8 SLMHSNDM11 
Calystegia sepiumHedge Bindweed, Hedge false bindweed, Appalachia false bindweed, Bingham's false bindweedPerennial Climber3.0 4-8 FLMHSNM211
Campanula persicifoliaHarebell, Peachleaf bellflowerPerennial1.0 3-7  LMSNM40 
Campanula rotundifoliaHarebell, Bluebell bellflowerPerennial0.4 4-9 MLMSNDM11 
Camptotheca acuminataHappy Tree, Cancer TreeTree20.0 10-12 FLMHSNM055
Cannabis sativaHemp, MarijuanaAnnual2.5 8-11  LMHNM444
Cardamine hirsutaHairy BittercressAnnual0.3 4-8  LMHSNM301
Cardaria drabaHoary Cress, WhitetopPerennial1.0 5-9  LMHSNM210
Cardiospermum halicacabumHeart Seed, Balloon vineClimber3.0 8-11  LMHNM121
Carex hirtaHammer sedgePerennial0.5 5-9  LMHSNMWe11 
Carpinus betulusHornbeam, European hornbeam, Common Hornbeam, European HornbeamTree25.0 5-7 MLMHFSNM02 
Carpobrotus acinaciformisHottentot FigPerennial0.1 8-11  LNDM20 
Carpobrotus edulisHottentot Fig,Perennial0.1 7-10  LNDM222
Carya hybridsHybrid and neohybrid hickoriesTree40.0 4-11 MLMHNDM433
Ceanothus purpureusHollyleaf CeanothusShrub2.0 7-10  LMSNDM00 
Celtis occidentalisHackberry, Common hackberryTree20.0 3-9 FLMNDM312
Centella asiaticaGotu Kola, SpadeleafPerennial0.2 7-10  LMHSNMWe25 
Centrolobium sclerophyllumHard leaved tararaTree20.0 10-12 FLMHNDM004
Ceratophyllum demersumHornwort, Coon's tailPerennial1.0 7-10 FLMHSNWeWa11 
Cereus hildmannianusHildmania cactus, Hedge cactusTree9.0 9-12 SLMNDM302
Chenopodium nuttalliaeHuauzontle, Nuttall's goosefootAnnual0.6 0-0  LMHNM40 
Cinchona micranthaHuanncoTree8.0 10-12 MLMSNM242
Clappertonia ficifoliaBolo BoloShrub2.5 10-12 FLMNMWe014
Clematis douglasiiHairy ClematisPerennial0.6 5-9  LMHSNM01 
Clematis microphyllaHeadachevineClimber3.0 8-11  LMHSNM01 
Cnidoscolus elasticusHighland chilteShrub1.0 9-11 FLMHNDM004
Conium maculatumHemlock, Poison hemlockBiennial2.0 4-8  LMHSNM120
Conringia orientalisHare's Ear MustardAnnual0.5 -  LMHNM20 
Copaifera guyanensisHoepel, Guyanense CopaibaTree30.0 10-12 SLMHSNM243
Copaifera multijugaHayne oil, Copaiba,Tree20.0 10-12 SLMFSDM143
Coptis chinensisHuang LianPerennial0.3 5-9  LMHSNMWe03 
Corylus feroxHimalayan Hazel, Tibetan hazelnutTree10.0 7-10  LMHSNM20 
Corylus hybrids & neohybridsHybrid & Neohybrids, Hazel, FilbertShrub25.0 4-9 MLMHSNM525
Corylus sieboldiana mandschuricaHairy hazel, Japanese hazelnut,Shrub4.5 5-9  LMHSNM301
Crataegus gemosaHawTree8.0 0-0  LMHSNMWe320
Crataegus holmesianaHolmes' hawthornTree10.0 4-8  LMHSNMWe42 
Crataegus monogynaHawthorn, Oneseed hawthornShrub6.0 4-8 MLMHSNMWe353
Crataegus nigraHungarian HawthornTree6.0 5-9  LMHSNMWe22 
Crinum bulbispermumHardy swamplilyBulb1.0 5-9  LMNM10 
Cryptotaenia canadensisHonewort, Canadian honewortPerennial1.0 4-8  LMHSM30 
Cucumis melo inodorusHoneydew MelonAnnual Climber1.5 9-11  LMHNM42 
Cucumis metuliferusHorned Cucumber, African horned cucumberAnnual Climber1.5 9-11  LMHNM22 
Cupressus torulosaHimalayan CypressTree40.0 7-10  LMHNDM00 
Cynoglossum officinaleHound's Tongue, GypsyflowerBiennial/Perennial0.8 5-9  LMNM122
Cyphomandra hartwegiiHartweg's cyphomandra,CalylophusTree2.0 8-11 FLMHNM30 
Cyrtomium falcatumHolly Fern, Japanese netvein hollyfern, Japanese HollyFern0.1 8-11 SLMHSNM01 
Dalbergia monticolaHazovola, tsiandalana, voamboanaTree12.0 10-12 SLMHNM004
Dalbergia stevensoniiHonduras RosewoodTree20.0 10-12 SLMHNM004
Decemium appendiculatumWaterleafBiennial/Perennial0.4 -  LMHSMWe10 
Dennstaedtia punctilobulaHay-scented fernFern0.6 3-8 FLMHFSNM003
Desmodium canadenseShowy tick-trefoilPerennial0.9 3-6 FLMHSNDM003
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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