Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Common Names: F
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abies squamataFlaky FirTree30.0 5-9 SLMHFSNDM00 
Acca sellowianaFeijoa, Pineapple GuavaShrub3.0 8-11 SLMHNDM402
Acer campestreField Maple, Hedge mapleTree15.0 4-8 FLMHSNM21 
Aconitum fischeriFischer monkshoodPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHSNM01 
Aethusa cynapiumFool's ParsleyAnnual1.2 -  LMHFSNDM11 
Agave cantala agaveAgavePerennial2.0 9-12 FLMHNDM204
Ageratina herbaceaFragrant SnakerootPerennial2.0 5-9  LMHSNM01 
Allium oleraceumField GarlicBulb0.6 4-8  LMNM32 
Allium paradoxumFew-Flowered LeekBulb0.3 7-10  LMHFSNM52 
Amianthium muscitoxicumFly PoisonBulb1.2 4-8  LMHSNM01 
Amorpha fruticosaFalse Indigo, False indigo bushShrub4.5 4-8 MLMSNDM123
Aquilegia flabellataFan Columbine, Dwarf ColumbinePerennial0.3 3-9 SLMSNM20 
Arisaema thunbergii Perennial0.6 -  LMFSNM01 
Arisarum vulgareFriar's CowlPerennial0.5 6-9  LMFSM20 
Artemisia campestrisField SouthernwoodPerennial1.5 4-8  LMSNDM021
Artemisia frigidaFringed Wormwood, Prairie sagewortPerennial0.3 3-10  LMNDM223
Asclepias quadrifoliaFourleaf MilkweedPerennial0.5 4-8  LMSNDM22 
Asparagus filicinusFern AsparagusPerennial0.7 7-10  LMHSNM21 
Boehmeria cylindricaFalse Nettle, Smallspike false nettlePerennial1.0 0-0  LMSNM00 
Brassica rapa parachinensisFalse Pak ChoiBiennial0.3 6-9  LMHSNM40 
Buglossoides arvensisField Gromwell, Corn gromwellAnnual0.5 6-10  LMHSNM110
Butomus umbellatusFlowering RushPerennial1.0 4-8 MLMHNWeWa301
Calendula arvensisField MarigoldAnnual0.3 5-9  LMHNM23 
Callirhoe digitataFinger Poppy Mallow, WinecupPerennial0.9 4-8  LNDM20 
Caltha natansFloating marsh marigoldPerennial0.3 0-0  LMHSNWeWa11 
Calypso bulbosaFairyslipperPerennial0.1 4-8  LMHFSMWe21 
Campanula cochleariifoliaFairies ThimblesPerennial0.2 5-9  LMNM40 
Carmona retusaFukien Tea, Philippine tea treeShrub3.0 10-12 FLMHNM242
Casimiroa edulisWhite Sapote, Mexican AppleTree16.0 8-11 MLMHNM532
Castanea pumilaChinquapin, Ozark chinkapinShrub4.0 4-8 SLMHNDM412
Castanea pumila asheiChinquapinShrub5.0 6-9  LMHNDM412
Casuarina torulosaForest OakTree15.0 8-11  LMHNDM003
Ceanothus fendleriFendler's CeanothusShrub2.0 4-8 FLMSNDM21 
Cerastium arvenseField Mouse-Ear Chickweed, Field chickweedPerennial0.2 0-0  LMHNDM01 
Chenopodium albumFat Hen, LambsquartersAnnual0.9 0-0  LMHNM321
Chenopodium ficifoliumFig-Leaved GoosefootAnnual0.9 4-8  LMHNM20 
Chenopodium graveolensFoetid GoosefootAnnual0.9 -  LMHNM21 
Chionanthus virginicusFringe Tree, White fringetree, Old Man's Beard, Fringe TreeShrub5.0 4-9 FLMHSNM13 
Cimicifuga foetidaFoetid BugbanePerennial1.5 3-7  LMHSM13 
Clematis flammulaFragrant Virgin's Bower, Fragrant clematisClimber4.0 5-9 FLMHSNM10 
Convolvulus arvensisField BindweedPerennial Climber2.0 4-8  LMSNDM121
Cornus floridaFlowering DogwoodShrub6.0 5-9 MLMHSNM223
Corydalis solidaFumewort, Spring fumewortPerennial0.2 5-9  LMSM13 
Corylus maximaFilbert, Giant filbertShrub6.0 4-8  LMHSNM505
Crambe cordifoliaFlowering sea kalePerennial2.0 5-9  LMHSNDM313
Crataegus chrysocarpaFireberry Hawthorn, Red haw, Piper's hawthorn,Tree6.0 4-8  LMHSNMWe32 
Crataegus flabellataFanleaf hawthornShrub6.0 4-8  LMHSNMWe323
Crataegus pruinosaFrosted Hawthorn, Waxyfruit hawthornTree6.0 4-8  LMHSNMWe32 
Crataegus succulentaFleshy hawthornShrub6.0 4-8  LMHSNDMWe422
Crepis runcinataFiddleleaf hawksbeard, Anderson's hawksbeard, Barber's hawksbeard, Hall's hawksbeardPerennial0.6 0-0  LMHSNM10 
Cuscuta umbellataFlatglobe dodder 0.0 0-0  LMHSNM100
Cymopterus fendleriFendler's SpringparsleyPerennial0.0 -  LMHSNDM20 
Cyperus fendlerianusFendler's FlatsedgePerennial1.5 -  LMNMWe20 
Cyperus schweinitziiFlatsedge, Schweinitz's flatsedgePerennial0.8 0-0  LMNMWe20 
Cyperus textilisFlat sedge, Basket grass,Perennial1.5 9-12 FLMHFSNMWeWa004
Cyrtanthus breviflorusFire LilyBulb0.3 8-11  LNMWe10 
Daphne gnidiumFlax-Leaved DaphneShrub1.5 7-10  MHSNDM01 
Descurainia sophiaFlixweed, Herb sophiaAnnual/Biennial0.9 0-0  LMHSNM221
Deutzia scabraFuzzy pride-of-rochester, DeutziaShrub3.0 5-8 MLMHSNM10 
Dianella laevisFlax LilyPerennial1.0 8-11  LMNDM00 
Dianella revolutaFlax LilyPerennial1.0 8-11  LMNDM202
Dianella tasmanicaFlax LilyPerennial1.0 8-9 MLMNDM002
Dianthus superbusFringed PinkPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNDM23 
Digitalis purpureaFoxglove, Purple foxglove, Common FoxgloveBiennial1.2 4-8 MLMHSNDM042
Dipsacus sativusFuller's Teasel, Indian teaselBiennial/Perennial1.8 4-8  LMHNM022
Disporum trachycarpumFairybellsPerennial0.5 4-8  LMHFSM21 
Dittrichia viscosaFalse yellowheadPerennial0.5 0-0  LMHNM00 
Dryopteris fragransFragrant WoodfernFern0.2 3-7  LMHSM10 
Eleusine coracanaFinger Millet, African finger milletAnnual0.3 8-11  LMHNM42 
Embelia ribesFalse black pepper, White-flowered EmbeliaClimber15.0 10-12 FLMHSM342
Equisetum arvenseField HorsetailPerennial0.6 3-11  LMHSNDM234
Eremurus stenophyllus aurantiacusFoxtail LilyPerennial1.5 5-10 MLMNDM10 
Erica cerinthoidesFire HeathShrub1.5 9-11  LMNM10 
Eryngium campestreField EryngoPerennial0.6 5-9  LMNDM22 
Erythronium californicumFawn Lily, California fawnlilyBulb0.3 0-0  LMSM20 
Eucalyptus grandisFlooded Gum, Gum, Rose EucalyptusTree50.0 9-11 FLMHSNDM024
Eucalyptus tereticornisForest Red GumTree35.0 9-12 FLMHNMWe223
Euphorbia neriifoliaFleshy spurge, Hedge Euphorbia, Oleander spurgeShrub4.0 10-12 FLMSND222
Euryale feroxFoxnut, EuryalePerennial1.0 7-10  LMHNWa32 
Fagopyrum dibotrysPerennial BuckwheatPerennial1.0 0-0 FLMHSNDM420
Fagopyrum esculentumBuckwheatAnnual1.5 6-12 FLMHNDM434
Fagraea fragransIronwood, TembusuTree25.0 10-12 SLMHNMWe024
Fargesia nitidaFountain BambooBamboo4.0 4-8 SLMHFSNM00 
Ferula assa-foetidaAsafoetida - Devil's Dung. Hing (Indian), AsafetidaPerennial2.0 7-10  LMHNDM33 
Ferula communisGiant FennelPerennial2.5 7-10  LMHNDM11 
Ferula gummosaGalbanumPerennial1.0 5-9  LMHNDM22 
Ferula moschataMusk RootPerennial2.5 8-11  LMHNDM02 
Ferula narthexFerulaPerennial2.5 7-10  LMHNDM22 
Fibigia clypeata Perennial0.6 6-9  LMHNDM20 
Ficus annulataHuan wen rong, NizhangdeTree25.0 10-12 MLMHNM203
Ficus caricaFig, Edible fig, Fig CommonTree6.0 6-10 MLMHNDM421
Ficus coronataSandpaper FigTree12.0 8-11  LMHSNM313
Ficus elasticaRubber Plant. India Rubber TreeTree50.0 9-12 FLMHSNM223
Filipendula vulgarisDropwort, MeadowsweetPerennial0.8 3-10 MLMHNDM21 
Fimbristylis sub-bispicata Perennial0.6 -  LMHSNM00 
Firmiana simplexChinese Parasol Tree, Chinese parasoltree, Japanese Varnish Tree, Chinese Parasol TreeTree15.0 7-10 FLMSNM11 
Fitzroya cupressoidesAlerce, Patagonian cypressTree10.0 7-10 SLMHSNM00 
Foeniculum vulgareFennel, Sweet fennelPerennial1.5 3-10  LMHNDM534
Foeniculum vulgare azoricumFlorence FennelPerennial1.5 6-9  LMHNDM333
Foeniculum vulgare dulceSweet FennelPerennial1.5 6-9  LMHNDM434
123

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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