Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Common Names: E
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Acacia auriculiformisEar-Pod Wattle, Black Acacia, Earleaf, Black wattleTree25.0 10-12 FLMHNDM104
Adiantum venustumEvergreen Maidenhair FernFern0.3 9-11 MLMHSM01 
Ageratina altissimaWhite Snakeroot, RichweedPerennial2.0 5-9  LMHSNM020
Ageratina aromatica Perennial1.5 4-8  LMHSNM11 
Ageratina herbaceaFragrant SnakerootPerennial2.0 5-9  LMHSNM01 
Ageratina ligustrina Shrub5.0 9-11  LMHNM00 
Ageratina occidentalisWestern SnakerootPerennial0.7 5-9  LMHSNM01 
Allium kurratEgyptian LeekPerennial1.0 -  LMHNM32 
Amorphophallus paeoniifoliusElephant Yam, Whitespot giant arumPerennial0.8 11-12  LMSNM222
Aspidosperma eburneumEburneumTree20.0 10-12 MLMHNM004
Astragalus hamosusEuropean milkvetchAnnual0.6 0-0  LMND12 
Berberis vulgarisEuropean Barberry, Common barberryShrub3.0 3-7 MLMHSNDM334
Brassica elongataElongated mustardBiennial/Perennial0.9 0-0  LMHSNM20 
Calamus ovoideusEgg-shaped Rattan. Rotan OvoidClimber70.0 10-12 FLMHSNM204
Calluna vulgarisHeather, Scotch HeatherShrub0.6 4-7  LMSNDM225
Calycanthus floridus glaucusEastern SweetshrubShrub3.0 5-9  LMHSNM21 
Chloroxylon swieteniaEast Indian SatinwoodTree18.0 10-12 FLMHNM034
Cichorium endiviaEndiveBiennial1.0 -  LMHNM32 
Circaea lutetianaEnchanter's Nightshade, Broadleaf enchanter's nightshadePerennial0.7 0-0  LMHSM01 
Cirsium eatoniEaton's ThistlePerennial0.5 -  LMHNDM11 
Cirsium eduleEdible ThistlePerennial2.0 6-9  LMHNM30 
Cirsium foliosumElk thistlePerennial0.6 5-9  LMHNMWe302
Clarkia unguiculataElegant Fairyfan, Elegant clarkiaAnnual0.6 0-0  LMHNDM10 
Conyza canadensisCanada Fleabane, Canadian horseweedAnnual1.0 6-9  LMSNDM131
Cordia alliodoraEcuador laurel, Cypre, Onion Cordia, Laurel BlancoTree30.0 10-12 FLMHNM224
Corema albumPortuguese CrowberryShrub0.3 7-10  LMSNDM10 
Corema conradiiPoverty Grass, Broom crowberryShrub0.3 3-7  LMSNDM10 
Crataegus aestivalisEastern Mayhaw, May hawthorn, Mayhaw, Apple HawthornShrub9.0 6-11 MLMHSNMWe325
Dactyloctenium radulansButton Grass, ButtongrassAnnual0.2 0-0  LMHSNM10 
Daphne involucrata Shrub0.0 -  MHSNM00 
Dimocarpus longanLongan, Lungan, Dragon's Eye, Cat's EyeTree12.0 8-10 FLMHSNM432
Diospyros ebenumEbony, Ceylon Ebony, Mauritius Ebony, Ebony PersimmonTree20.0 10-12 SLMHNM124
Duboisia myoporoidesCorkwoodTree10.0 10-12 FLMNM032
Echinacea angustifoliaEchinacea, Blacksamson echinacea, Strigose blacksamsonPerennial1.2 3-8  LMHNDM052
Echinacea purpureaEchinacea, Eastern purple coneflower, Hedge Coneflower, Black Sampson , Purple ConeflowerPerennial1.2 3-10 MLMNDM152
Echinochloa polystachyaAleman Grass. German grassPerennial2.0 10-12 FLMHNMWeWa004
Echinops setiferGlobe ThistlePerennial1.0 -  LMHSNDM12 
Echinops spinosissimus Perennial0.8 6-9  LMHNDM10 
Eclipta prostrataHan Lian Cao, False daisyAnnual0.6 10-12  LMHSMWe132
Edgeworthia papyriferaPaperbush, Oriental PaperbushShrub2.5 7-10  LMHSNM104
Ehretia acuminataKoda TreeTree9.0 6-9  LMNM21 
Ehretia anacuaAnaqua, KnockawayTree5.0 7-10  LMHNDM20 
Ehretia ovalifolia Tree12.0 6-9  LMNM20 
Eichhornia crassipesWater Hyacinth, Common water hyacinthPerennial0.3 10-11 FLMHSNM200
Elaeagnus angustifoliaOleaster, Russian oliveShrub7.0 2-7 MLMHNDM424
Elaeagnus commutataSilverberryShrub3.0 2-6 MLMHNDM324
Elaeagnus fragrans Shrub3.0 - MLMHNDM22 
Elaeagnus multifloraGoumi, Cherry silverberryShrub3.0 5-9 MLMHSNDM523
Elaeagnus multiflora ovataGoumiShrub3.0 5-9 MLMHSNDM523
Elaeagnus orientalisTrebizond DateShrub12.0 4-8 MLMHNDM422
Elaeagnus parvifoliaAutumn oliveShrub4.5 3-7 MLMHNDM422
Elaeagnus pungensElaeagnus, Thorny olive, Thorny Elaeagnus, Oleaster, Silverberry, Silverthorn, Pungent ElaeagnusShrub4.0 6-10 MLMHFSNDM523
Elaeagnus umbellataAutumn OliveShrub4.5 3-7 MLMHNDM423
Elaeagnus x ebbingeiElaeagnus, Ebbing's SilverberryShrub5.0 5-9 MLMHFSNDM524
Elaeagnus x reflexa Shrub4.5 6-9 MLMHFSNDM324
Elaeis guineensisAfrican Oil PalmTree15.0 10-12 SLMHNMWe525
Elaeocarpus cyaneusBlueberry AshTree12.0 8-11  LMHSNM10 
Elatostema cuneatum Annual0.3 -  LMHSM10 
Elatostema laetevirens Perennial0.3 -  LMHSM10 
Eleocharis dulcisChinese Water ChestnutPerennial1.0 9-12  LMHNWeWa312
Eleocharis palustrisCommon Spike-Rush, Common spikerushPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNWeWa10 
Eleutherococcus spinosus Shrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM22 
Elsholtzia ciliataCrested latesummer mintAnnual0.6 4-8  LMHNM220
Elsholtzia fruticosaJi Gu ChaiShrub1.5 4-8  LMHSNM11 
Elytrigia junceaSand CouchPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHNDM00 
Elytrigia repensCouch GrassPerennial0.6 -  LMHFSNDMWe23 
Embelia ribesFalse black pepper, White-flowered EmbeliaClimber15.0 10-12 FLMHSM342
Emilia coccineaTassel Flower, Scarlet tasselflowerAnnual0.6 8-11  LMHNDM21 
Empetrum eamesii hermaphroditumMountain Crowberry, RockberryShrub0.3 3-8  LMHNM20 
Ensete ventricosumEthiopian Banana, Abyssinian bananaPerennial6.0 9-11  LMHNM20 
Entandrophragma angolenseTiama MahoganyTree50.0 10-12 SLMHSNM124
Entandrophragma candolleiWest African CedarTree50.0 10-12 SLMHNM024
Entandrophragma cylindricumSapele MahoganyTree50.0 10-12 SLMHSNM024
Entandrophragma utileSipo MahoganyTree45.0 10-12 SLMHNM024
Ephedra americana andina Shrub1.8 5-9  LMNDM23 
Ephedra gerardianaMa Huang, Gerard jointfirShrub0.6 6-9  LMNDM24 
Ephedra majorMa HuangShrub2.0 5-9  LMNDM14 
Ephedra sinicaMa Huang, Chinese ephedraShrub0.4 0-0  LMNDM14 
Epilobium tetragonumSquare-Stemmed Willow HerbPerennial0.6 -  LMHSNM10 
Epimedium grandiflorumBarrenwort, Bishop's Hat, Longspur EpimediumPerennial0.4 4-8 MLMHSDM23 
Epimedium sagittatumYin Yang HuoPerennial0.5 5-9  LMHSDM23 
Equisetum arvenseField HorsetailPerennial0.6 3-11  LMHSNDM234
Equisetum fluviatileSwamp Horsetail, Water horsetailPerennial1.2 0-0  LMHSNMWeWa222
Equisetum telmateiaGiant HorsetailPerennial2.0 5-9  LMHSNM113
Eragrostis tefTefAnnual1.0 8-11  LMHNDM30 
Eremurus spectabilis Perennial1.0 5-9  LMNDM20 
Eremurus stenophyllus aurantiacusFoxtail LilyPerennial1.5 5-10 MLMNDM10 
Erica x darleyensisDarley Dale Heath, Cape Heath, Molten Silver Heath, HeatherShrub0.6 6-9 SLMNM002
Erigeron acer Biennial/Perennial0.5 -  LMHNM10 
Erigeron pulchellusRobin’s plantain, blue spring daisy, hairy fleabanePerennial0.6 4-8 FLMHSNM003
Eriodictyon californicumYerba Santa, California yerba santaShrub2.3 7-10  LNDM23 
Eriophorum angustifoliumCotton Grass, Tall cottongrassPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNWeWa21 
Erodium cicutarium bipinnatum Annual/Biennial0.0 -  LMHNM20 
Erodium jacquinianum Annual/Biennial0.0 -  LMNDM10 
Erodium malacoidesOval Heron's BillAnnual/Biennial0.0 -  LMNDM20 
Eruca vesicaria sativaRocketAnnual0.6 6-9 FLMHSNDM41 
Erucaria hispanica Annual/Biennial0.0 -  LMHSNM20 
Eryngium caucasicum Perennial1.0 -  LMNDM01 
Eryngium creticumEryngoPerennial0.6 0-0  LMNDM11 
Eryngium planumPlains eryngo, Blue Cap, Eringoe, Eryngo, Flat Sea HollyPerennial0.7 5-9 MLMHNDM01 
123

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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