Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Common Names: C
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abies concolorColorado Fir, White firTree45.0 3-7 FLMHFSNDM02 
Abies magnificaCalifornian Red Fir, Shasta red firTree60.0 4-8 MLMHFSNM00 
Abies nordmannianaCaucasian Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, NordmannTree50.0 4-6 MLMHFSNM00 
Abobra tenuifoliaCranberry GourdPerennial Climber3.5 8-11  LMNDM10 
Abroma augustaCotton Abroma. Perennial Indian Hemp.Shrub3.0 10-12 FLMHNM034
Abutilon ochsenii Shrub4.0 7-10  LMHSNM30 
Abutilon theophrastiChina Jute, Velvetleaf, Butterprint Buttonweed Jute, China Mallow, Indian Velvet LeafAnnual1.0 0-0  LMHSNDM324
Abutilon x hybridumChinese Lantern, Flowering MapleShrub3.0 9-11 FLMHSNM300
Acacia catechuCutch tree, Catechu acaciaTree15.0 10-12 FLMHNDM123
Acacia coleiCole's wattle, Candelabra Wattle, Soap wattle, Shrub4.0 10-12 FLMHNDM323
Acacia sophoraeCoastal Wattle, AcaciaShrub0.0 0-0  LMHNDM20 
Acinos alpinusAlpine CalamintPerennial0.5 4-8  LMHNDM11 
Aconitum columbianumColumbian monkshoodPerennial0.2 0-0  LMHSNM01 
Acorus calamusSweet Flag - CalamusPerennial1.0 4-11 MLMHNWeWa34 
Acrocomia aculeataCoyoli Palm. Gru-Gru Palm, Macaw palmTree15.0 10-12 FLMHNDM312
Aegle marmelosBael Tree, Golden Apple, Bengal QuinceTree10.0 10-12 SLMHNM334
Aesculus californicaCalifornian Buckeye, California HorsechestnutTree12.0 6-10 MLMHNDM31 
Aesculus chinensisChinese Horse ChestnutTree25.0 5-9 SLMHSNM31 
Agastache canaHoary Balm Of Gilead, Mosquito plantPerennial0.8 0-0  LMNDM20 
Agave parryiCentury Plant, Parry's agave, MescalPerennial0.5 9-11 SLMNDM31 
Agave utahensis discretaCentury PlantPerennial4.0 8-11  LMNDM31 
Agave utahensis eborispinaCentury PlantPerennial4.0 8-11  LMNDM31 
Agrostemma githagoCorncockle, Common corncockleAnnual0.9 0-0  LMHSNDM110
Akebia trifoliataAkebia, Threeleaf AkebiaClimber9.0 5-8 FLMHFSNM422
Alchornea cordifoliaChristmas BushShrub8.0 10-12 MLMHNDMWe243
Aleurites moluccanusCandle Nut, Country WalnutTree20.0 10-12 FLMHNDM334
Alhagi maurorumCamel ThornShrub2.0 6-10  LMNDM220
Allium canadenseCanadian Garlic, Meadow garlic, Fraser meadow garlic, Hyacinth meadow garlicBulb0.5 4-8  LMSNMWe422
Allium canadense mobilenseCanadian GarlicBulb0.5 4-8  LMSNMWe52 
Allium ramosumChinese ChivesBulb0.5 6-9  LMNDM42 
Allium schoenoprasumChives, Wild chives, Flowering OnionBulb0.3 5-11 MLMHSNM523
Allium vinealeCrow Garlic, Wild garlic, Compact onion, False Garlic, Wild, OnionBulb0.6 5-8 MLMNDM322
Allocasuarina littoralisBlack She Oak, Bull Oak, WayetuckTree8.0 9-11 FLMHNM104
Alnus nitida Tree30.0 7-10  MHSNDMWe01 
Aloe arborescensCandelabra Aloe, Tree Aloe, Mountain Bush AloeShrub3.0 10-11 MLMSNDM253
Aloe feroxCape Aloe, Bitter Aloe, Red Aloe, Cape Aloe, Alligator Jaw AloeShrub3.0 9-11 SLMND253
Amaranthus palmeriCareless WeedAnnual0.9 7-12  LMHNM201
Amaranthus tricolorChinese Spinach, Joseph's-coat, Fountain Plant, Tampala , Summer PoinsettiaAnnual1.0 3-11 MLMHNM312
Amaranthus viridisCalalu, Slender amaranthAnnual0.5 7-11  LMHNM321
Amelanchier alnifolia cusickiiCusick's ServiceberryShrub3.0 0-0  LMHSNM410
Amorphophallus rivieriDevil's Tongue, Umbrella Arum, Leopard Palm, Snake PalmPerennial0.8 10-11  LMSNM22 
Ampelopsis humulifolia Climber6.0 4-8  MSNM20 
Anacardium occidentaleCashew, CajuTree12.0 9-12 SLMHNM533
Anemone canadensisCanadian AnemonePerennial0.6 3-7 MLMHSM02 
Anemone cylindricaCandle AnemonePerennial0.5 4-8  LMHSM02 
Anemone rivularisCao Yu MeiPerennial0.6 6-9  LMFSNM12 
Annona cherimolaCherimoya, Custard AppleTree9.0 8-12 FLMHNDM522
Antennaria dioicaCatsfoot, Stoloniferous pussytoesPerennial0.1 4-8  LNDM022
Anthemis arvensisCorn ChamomileAnnual0.4 4-8  LMHNDM022
Anthriscus cerefoliumChervil, Garden chervilBiennial0.5 6-9  LMHFSNM32 
Anthriscus sylvestrisCow Parsley, Wild chervilBiennial1.2 6-9  LMHFSNDM211
Aphananthe aspera Tree20.0 6-9  LMHSNDM10 
Apium graveolens dulceCeleryBiennial0.6 -  LMSNM42 
Apium graveolens rapaceumCeleriacBiennial0.6 5-9  LMHSM42 
Aquilegia flavescensColumbine, Yellow columbinePerennial0.8 4-8  LMSNM21 
Aquilegia formosa truncataColumbinePerennial0.9 3-7  LMSNM22 
Aquilegia jonesiiColumbine, Jones' columbine, Blue limestone columbinePerennial0.1 3-7  LMSNM21 
Aquilegia pubescensColumbine, Sierra columbinePerennial0.5 4-8  LMSNM21 
Aquilegia vulgarisColumbine, European columbine, Granny's Bonnet, European CrowfootPerennial1.0 3-9 MLMSNM21 
Aralia chinensisChinese Angelica Tree, Pumila Spirea, Chinese AstilbeShrub3.5 4-8 MLMHFSM22 
Araujia sericiferaCruel Plant, White bladderflowerClimber10.0 8-11 FLMSNM101
Arbutus canariensisCanary MadronaTree10.0 7-10  LMSNM20 
Ardisia crenataCoralberry, Hen's eyes, SpiceberryShrub2.0 7-10 SLMHSM011
Argyranthemum foeniculaceum Perennial1.0 8-11  LMHNDM10 
Artemisia cinaCina, SantonicaShrub1.0 0-0  LMSDM03 
Artocarpus integerChampedakTree20.0 11-12 SLMHNM403
Arum maculatumCuckoo PintPerennial0.5 5-9  LMHFSNM21 
Arundinaria giganteaCanebrake bamboo, Cane Reed, Giant caneBamboo9.0 5-9  LMHSNM314
Asarum splendensChinese Wild GingerPerennial0.2 5-9 SLMFSDM303
Asclepias californicaCalifornia Milkweed, Greene's milkweedPerennial0.5 0-0  LSNDM21 
Asclepias syriacaCommon Milkweed, Silkweed, MilkweedPerennial1.0 3-8 MLMSNDM323
Asparagus cochinchinensisChinese AsparagusPerennial1.5 6-9  LMHSNM33 
Asplenium ceterachScale FernFern0.2 7-10  LMFSNM02 
Aster cordifoliusCommon Blue Wood AsterPerennial1.5 3-7  LMHNM212
Astragalus canadensisCanadian Milkvetch, Shorttooth Canadian milkvetch, Morton's Canadian milkvetchPerennial1.0 7-10  LMND323
Astragalus sinicusChinese Milk VetchBiennial0.2 -  LMNM31 
Astroloma humifusumCranberry HeathShrub0.1 7-10  LMHNDM30 
Athamantha cretensisCandy CarrotPerennial0.6 5-9  LMNM10 
Athamantha turbithCandy CarrotPerennial0.6 5-9  LMNM20 
Atractylodes lanceaCang ZhuPerennial1.0 -  LMHSNM13 
Atriplex californicaCalifornia Orach, California saltbushPerennial0.1 7-10  LMNDM30 
Atriplex coronataCrownscaleAnnual0.4 -  LMNDM20 
Averrhoa carambolaCarambola, Star FruitTree8.0 10-12 SLMNM422
Baccharis genistelloidesCarquejaPerennial2.0 10-12  LMHNMWe040
Bambusa atraClumping Bamboo. Long pipe bamboo.Bamboo8.0 10-12 FLMHNMWe203
Bambusa pervariabilisClumping BambooBamboo8.0 9-11 FLMHSNM304
Bambusa textilisClumping Bamboo. Weaver's bambooBamboo8.0 7-11 FLMHSNM304
Bambusa vulgarisCommon BambooBamboo20.0 9-12 FLMHSNM324
Banksia integrifoliaCoast BanksiaTree9.0 8-11  LMNM20 
Baphia nitidaCamwood, BaphiaTree10.0 10-12  LMHNM224
Barbarea vulgarisYellow Rocket, Garden yellowrocketPerennial0.4 5-9  LMHSNM310
Bassia scopariaSummer Cypress, BurningbushAnnual0.3 5-9  LMNM221
Bauhinia thonningiiCamel's foot tree, monkey breadTree5.0 10-12 MLMHNDM323
Berberidopsis corallinaCoral PlantClimber5.0 7-10 MLMHFSM00 
Berberis aristataChitra, Indian Barberry or Tree TurmericShrub3.5 5-9 MLMHSNDM433
Berberis asiaticaChutro, Rasanjan (Nep); marpyashi (Newa); Daruharidra, Darbi (Sans)Shrub3.5 7-10 MLMHFSNDM432
Berberis fendleriColorado BarberryShrub1.5 5-9  LMHSNDM22 
Berula erectaCutleaf WaterparsnipPerennial1.0 3-7  LMHSNMWe11 
Betula lentaCherry Birch, Sweet birch, Black Birch, Cherry BirchTree24.0 3-7 FLMHSNM334
Billardiera scandensCommon AppleberryClimber3.0 7-10  LMSNM20 
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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