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Index of Common Names: B
Latin NameCommon NameFamilySynonymsEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Abies balsameaBalsam FirPinaceaePinus balsamea.35
Acacia mearnsiiBlack Wattle, Late black wattleFabaceaeAcacia molllissima Willd. Racosperma mearnsii (De Wild.) Pedley13
Acacia melanoxylonBlackwood, Australia Acacia, Black Acacia, Blackwood AcaciaFabaceae or Leguminosae 21
Acacia salignaBlue-Leaved Wattle, Orange wattleFabaceae or Leguminosae 10
Acacia victoriaeBramble wattle. Gundabluey, Bardi bushFabaceaeAcacia coronalis J.M.Black Acacia hanniana Domin Acacia sentis F.Muell. ex Benth. Racosperma victoriae (Benth.) Pedley30
Acanthus mollisBear's BreechesAcanthaceaeA. latifolius.02
Acer interiusBox ElderAceraceaeA. negundo interius. (Britt.)Sarg. Negundo aceroides20
Acer negundoBox ElderAceraceae 31
Acer saccharum grandidentatumBig-Tooth Maple, Canyon Maple, Rocky Mountain Sugar MapleAceraceaeA. grandidentatum. Nutt.40
Acer saccharum nigrumBlack MapleAceraceaeA. nigrum. Michx.f.41
Acinos arvensisBasil ThymeLamiaceae or LabiataeA. thymoides. Calamintha acinos. Satureia acinos.21
Aconitum kusnezoffiiBei Wu TouRanunculaceae 01
Adansonia digitataBaobab, Judas Fruit, Monkey Bread TreeMalvaceaeAdansonia bahobab L. Adansonia baobab Gaertn. Adansonia integrifolia Raf. Adansonia scutula Steud. A33
Aegilops triuncialisBarbed goatgrass, Barb goatgrassPoaceae or Gramineae 10
Aegle marmelosBael Tree, Golden Apple, Bengal QuinceRutaceaeCrataeva marmelos L. Feronia pellucida Roth33
Aesculus parvifloraBottlebrush buckeyeHippocastanaceaeAe macrostachya. Pavia macrostachya21
Agave tequilanaBlue Agave, Mescal, Tequila.AsparagaceaeAgave angustifolia tequilana (F.A.C.Weber) Valenz.-Zap. & Nabhan Agave palmaris Trel. Agave pedrosana Trel. Agave pes-mulae Trel. Agave pseudotequilana Trel.30
Ajuga bracteosaBugle, LungememenLamiaceae or Labiatae 01
Ajuga reptansBugle, Common Bugelweed, Bugleweed, Carpet Bugleweed, Carpetweed, Carpet BugleLamiaceae or Labiatae 23
Allium ampeloprasum babingtoniiBabington's LeekAlliaceaeA. babingtonii.33
Allium bolanderiBolander's OnionAlliaceaeA. stenanthum32
Allium nutansBlue ChivesAlliaceae 30
Allium platycauleBroadstemmed OnionAlliaceaeA. anceps. Kellog.32
Allocasuarina littoralisBlack She Oak, Bull Oak, WayetuckCasuarinaceaeCasuarina littoralis Salisb. Casuarina suberosa Otto.&Dietr.10
Alnus incanaGrey Alder, Speckled alder, Thinleaf alder, White AlderBetulaceaeBetula alnus incana.00
Alnus serrulataSmooth Alder, Hazel alderBetulaceaeBetula serrulata.02
Alternanthera sissooBrazilian Spinach, Sambu, Samba lettuceAmaranthaceaeNone Known40
Amaranthus mitchelliiBoggabri WeedAmaranthaceae 20
Ammi majusBishop's Weed, Large bullwort, Queen Anne's Lace, Bishop's FlowerApiaceae or Umbelliferae 13
Ammophila breviligulataBeach Grass, American beachgrassPoaceae or Gramineae 00
Amsinckia tesselataBristly FiddleneckBoraginaceae 10
Andromeda glaucophyllaBog RosemaryEricaceaeA. polifolia glaucophylla.20
Andropogon gerardiiBig BluestemPoaceae or Gramineae 01
Andropogon virginicusBroomsedge BluestemPoaceae or Gramineae 01
Androstephium caeruleumBlue Funnel LilyAlliaceaeA. violaceum. Bessera caeruleum.10
Angelica dahuricaBai ZhiApiaceae or Umbelliferae 23
Aniba rosaeodoraBrazilian Rosewood, Rosewood-oil treeLauraceaeAniba duckei Kosterm.23
Annona salzmanniiBeach Sugar AppleAnnonaceaeNo synonyms are recorded for this name.40
Antidesma buniusBignay, BignaiPhyllanthaceaeAntidesma andamanicum Hook.f. Antidesma ciliatum C.Presl Antidesma collettii Craib Antidesma cordifo42
Aralia hispidaBristly SarsaparillaAraliaceae 11
Araucaria bidwilliiBunya-Bunya, Monkey Puzzle Tree, False Monkey PuzzleAraucariaceae 30
Arctostaphylos glaucaBigberry ManzanitaEricaceae 22
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiBearberryEricaceaeA. officinalis. Arbutus uva-ursi. Uva-ursi procumbens. Uva-ursi uva-ursi.34
Ardisia sieboldiiDuo Zhi Zi Jin NiuPrimulaceaeBladhia sieboldii.10
Areca catechuBetel Palm, Betel Nut PalmArecaceae 33
Aristolochia clematitisBirthwortAristolochiaceae 02
Aronia melanocarpaBlack Chokeberry, Black Berried AroniaRosaceae 31
Artemisia biennisBiennial WormwoodAsteraceae or Compositae 11
Artemisia novaBlack SagebrushAsteraceae or CompositaeA. arbuscula. Nutt.01
Artemisia stellerianaBeach Wormwood, Oldwoman, Dusty MillerAsteraceae or Compositae 10
Artocarpus altilisBreadfruitMoraceaeArtocarpus communis J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. Artocarpus incisifolius Stokes Artocarpus incisus (Thunb.)54
Artocarpus camansiBreadnut, KamansiMoraceaeNo synonyms are recorded for this name.41
Asclepias brachystephanaBract milkweedAsclepiadaceae 00
Asclepias currasavicaBlood FlowerApocynaceaeAsclepias aurantiaca Salisb. Asclepias bicolor Moench Asclepias cubensis Wender. Asclepias margaritacea Hoffmanns. ex Schult. Asclepias nivea curassavica (L.) Kuntze01
Asclepias galioidesBedstraw MilkweedAsclepiadaceae 21
Asclepias latifoliaBroadleaf MilkweedAsclepiadaceae 01
Asplenium adiantum-nigrumBlack SpleenwortPolypodiaceae 02
Aster macrophyllusBigleaf AsterAsteraceae or Compositae 21
Astragalus complanatusBei Bian Huang QiFabaceae or Leguminosae 02
Astrebla pectinataBarley Mitchell GrassPoaceae or Gramineae 10
Atherosperma moschatumBlack SassafrasAtherospermataceae 22
Atractylodes macrocephalaBai ZhuAsteraceae or Compositae 03
Atriplex serenanaBractscale, Davidson's bractscaleChenopodiaceaeA. bracteosa. S. Wats.20
Attalea funiferaBahia Piassava, Conquilla Nut, Piassaba PalmArecaceaeAttalea acaulis Burret Lithocarpos cocciformis O.Targ.Tozz. ex Steud. Sarinia funifera (Mart.) O.F.C10
Attalea speciosaBabassu, American Oil Palm, Motacu, MotacuchiArecaceaeAttalea glassmanii Zona Attalea lydiae (Drude) Barb.Rodr. Heptantra phalerata (Mart.) O.F.Cook Orbig42
Avena strigosaBristle Oats, Black oatsPoaceae or Gramineae 20
Babiana plicataBaboon RootIridaceaeB. caerulescens. B. reflexa.10
Baccharis genistelloidesCarquejaAsteraceaeBaccharis triptera Mart. Conyza genistelloides Lam.04
Baccharis halimifoliaBush Groundsel, Eastern baccharis, High Tide Bush, Sea Myrtle, Salt BushAsteraceae or Compositae 01
Baccharis pilularisDwarf Chaparral Broom, Coyotebrush , Chaparral BroomAsteraceae or CompositaeB. consanguinea.01
Baccharis vimineaMule's FatAsteraceae or CompositaeB. glutinosa. B. salicifolia. (Ruiz.&Pavon.)Pers.11
Baccharoides hymenolepisBaccharoidesAsteraceaeBaccharoides calvoana var. microcephala (C.D.Adams, Vernonia homilocephala S.Moore42
Bactris gasipaesPeach Palm, PupunhaArecaceaeBactris caribaea H.Karst. Bactris ciliata (Ruiz & Pav.) Mart. Bactris coccinea Barb.Rodr. Bactris da52
Baillonella toxispermaAfrican Pearwood, False Shea ButternutSapotaceaeBaillonella djave (Engl.) Pierre ex Dubard. Baillonella pierriana (Engl.) A.Chev. Mimusops djave Eng33
Ballota nigraBlack HorehoundLamiaceae or Labiatae 03
Balsamorhiza hookeriBalsam Root, Hooker's balsamroot, Hairy balsamroot, Idaho balsamroot, Rabbithead balsamroot, NegleAsteraceae or CompositaeB. hirsuta.41
Balsamorhiza incanaHoary BalsamrootAsteraceae or CompositaeB. floccosa. B. hookeri incana.31
Balsamorhiza sagittataOregon Sunflower, Arrowleaf balsamrootAsteraceae or CompositaeBupthalmium sagitattum.42
Bambusa blumeanaSpiny Bamboo. Spiny bamboo, Thorny bambooPoaceaeBambusa pungens Blanco Bambusa spinosa Blume ex Nees20
Bambusa heterostachyaMalay Dwarf GreenPoaceaeBambusa diversistachya Munro Bambusa latispiculata (Gamble) Holttum Gigantochloa heterostachya Munro Gigantochloa latispiculata Gamble00
Bambusa multiplexHedge Bamboo, Chinese Goddess BambooPoaceae or GramineaeB. argentea. B. glaucescens. B. nana. Leleba multiplex.20
Bambusa polymorphaBurmese bamboo, Jama BetuaPoaceaeArundarbor polymorpha (Munro) Kuntze Bambusa cyanostachya Kurz ex Gamble20
Bambusa tuldaBengal Bamboo. Spineless Indian bambooPoaceaeBambusa macala Buch.-Han. ex Munro Bambusa trigyna Roxb. ex Munro Dendrocalamus tulda (Roxb.) Voight.20
Banisteriopsis caapiYage, Ayahuasca, CaapiMalpighiaceaeBanisteria caapi Spruce ex Griseb. Banisteria inebrians (C.V.Morton) J.F.Macbr. Banisteria quitensis04
Banksia integrifoliaCoast BanksiaProteaceaeB. spicata.20
Baphia nitidaCamwood, BaphiaFabaceaeBaphia angolensis Lest.-Garl. Baphia barombiensis Taub. Baphia haematoxylon (Schum. & Thonn.) Hook.22
Baptisia australisWild Indigo, Blue wild indigo, Blue False IndigoFabaceae or LeguminosaeB. exaltata.02
Baptisia bracteataPlains Wild Indigo, Longbract wild indigo, False Indigo, Cream Wild IndigoFabaceae or LeguminosaeB. leucophaea. Nutt. B. villosa. Auct.02
Baptisia lacteaWild IndigoFabaceae or LeguminosaeB. leucantha. Torr.&Gray.01
Baptisia tinctoriaWild Indigo, HorseflyweedFabaceae or LeguminosaeBaptisia gibbesii. Podalyria tinctoria. Sophora tinctoria.13
Barbarea orthocerasAmerican YellowrocketBrassicaceae or CruciferaeB. americana. Rydb. B. stricta. non Andrz.20
Barbarea vernaLand Cress, Early yellowrocketBrassicaceae or CruciferaeB. praecox. (Sm.)R.Br. Campe verna.30
Barringtonia edulisVutu kana, Cut nutLecythidaceaeButonica edulis (Seem.) Miers Huttum edule (Seem.) Britten32
Barringtonia novae hiberniaePao NutLecythidaceaeBarringtonia brosimos Merr. & L.M.Perry Barringtonia excelsa Guill. Barringtonia oblongifolia R.Knuth32
Barringtonia proceraPao nuts, Cut nutLecythidaceaeBarringtonia guppyana R.Knuth Barringtonia magnifica Lauterb. Barringtonia schuchardtiana K.Schum. Butonica procera Miers32
Basella albaIndian Spinach, Ceylon spinachBasellaceaeB. cordifolia. B. rubra.42
Bauhinia forficataBrazilian Orchid TreeFabaceaeBauhinia candicans Benth.04
Bauhinia petersianaWhite bauhinia, Zambezi coffeeFabaceaeBauhinia macrantha Oliv. Bauhinia serpae Ficalho & Hiern Perlebia macrantha (Oliv.) A.Schmitz Perlebia petersiana (Bolle) A.Schmitz32
Bauhinia purpureaOrchid Tree, Purple Butterfly Tree, Mountain Ebony, Geranium Tree, Purple BauhiniaFabaceaeBauhinia castrata Blanco Bauhinia coromandeliana DC. Bauhinia platyphylla Zipp. ex Spanoghe Bauhinia22
Bauhinia vahliiMalu Creeper, Adda Leaf, Pahur Camel's Foot CreeperFabaceaeBauhinia racemosa Vahl23
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