Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Common Names: A
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abelmoschus manihotAibikaPerennial3.0 8-11 FLMHNM412
Abies albaSilver Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, European Silver Fir, SilverTree45.0 5-8 FLMHFSNM234
Abies firmaMomi Fir, Japanese FirTree30.0 6-9 MLMHFSNM10 
Abies grandisGrand Fir, Giant Fir, Lowland White FirTree75.0 5-6 FLMHFSNM22 
Abies lasiocarpaSubalpine Fir, Alpine FirTree25.0 5-6 SLMHFSNM22 
Abies pindrowWest Himalayan FirTree30.0 5-7 SLMHFSNM00 
Abies proceraNoble FirTree60.0 5-6 MLMHFSNM01 
Abies religiosaSacred FirTree40.0 7-10 FLMHFSNM01 
Abies sachalinensisSakhalin FirTree30.0 3-6 SLMHFSNM00 
Abies spectabilisHimalayan FirTree30.0 6-9 SLMHFSNM02 
Abies veitchii sikokiana Tree30.0 3-7  LMHFSNM00 
Abroma augustaCotton Abroma. Perennial Indian Hemp.Shrub3.0 10-12 FLMHNM034
Abronia fragransSnowball Sand VerbenaPerennial0.6 7-10  LMNDM21 
Abronia latifoliaSand Verbena, Coastal sand verbenaPerennial0.1 7-10  LNDM20 
Abutilon megapotamicumTrailing AbutilonShrub2.0 7-10 FLMHSNM400
Abutilon pictumAbutilon, Parlour Maple, Flowering Maple, SpottedShrub5.0 8-10 MLMHSNM30 
Abutilon purpurascens Shrub2.4 8-11  LMHSNDM20 
Abutilon theophrastiChina Jute, Velvetleaf, Butterprint Buttonweed Jute, China Mallow, Indian Velvet LeafAnnual1.0 0-0  LMHSNDM324
Acacia angustissimaPrairie acacia. Timbre. Fernleaf AcaciaTree5.0 7-10 FLMHNDM234
Acacia coleiCole's wattle, Candelabra Wattle, Soap wattle, Shrub4.0 10-12 FLMHNDM323
Acacia concinnaShikakai, Soap-PodTree10.0 10-11 MLMND214
Acacia cowleanaHall’s Creek wattleTree5.0 10-12 FLMNDM323
Acacia dealbataMimosa, Silver wattleTree25.0 7-10 FLMNDM203
Acacia farnesianaSweet Acacia, Perfume Acacia, HuisacheShrub9.0 9-11 FLMHNDM224
Acacia holosericeaStrap wattle, Candelabra wattleShrub3.0 10-12 FLMHNM123
Acacia koaKoa AcaciaTree20.0 10-12 FLMHNDM023
Acacia leucophloeaKuteera-Gum, White-barked acacia.Tree25.0 10-12 MLMHNDM213
Acacia mearnsiiBlack Wattle, Late black wattleTree10.0 8-11 FLMNM134
Acacia murrayanaMurray’s wattle, Colony wattleTree5.0 10-12 FLMHNDM323
Acacia victoriaeBramble wattle. Gundabluey, Bardi bushShrub10.0 8-11 FLMHNDM423
Acaenia anserinifoliaPirri-Pirri BurPerennial0.1 5-9 FLMHSNM11 
Acalypha australisAsian copperleafAnnual0.5 0-0  LMHSNM01 
Acanthocereus tetragonusPitahaya. Barbed-wire cactus.Tree5.0 10-12 SLMND303
Acanthus mollisBear's BreechesPerennial1.2 -  LMSNDM02 
Acca sellowianaFeijoa, Pineapple GuavaShrub3.0 8-11 SLMHNDM402
Acer acuminatum Tree6.0 5-9  LMHSNM10 
Acer ginnalaAmur MapleTree10.0 3-8 FLMHSNM103
Acer interiusBox ElderTree20.0 -  LMHSNM20 
Acer monoMapleTree15.0 3-8 SLMHSNM21 
Acer palmatumJapanese MapleTree8.0 6-8 SLMHSNM20 
Acer saccharinumSilver Maple, River Maple, Soft MapleTree30.0 3-9 FLMHSNM314
Acer saccharumSugar Maple, Florida Maple, Hard Maple, Rock MapleTree30.0 4-8 SLMHSNM424
Acer saccharum grandidentatumBig-Tooth Maple, Canyon Maple, Rocky Mountain Sugar MapleTree12.0 5-8  LMHSNM40 
Acer saccharum nigrumBlack MapleTree25.0 4-6 SLMHSNM412
Acer sterculiaceum Tree6.0 7-10  LMHSNM00 
Acer ukurunduense caudatum Tree20.0 - SLMHSNM10 
Achillea ageratumMace, Sweet-nancyPerennial0.6 6-9  LMHNDM20 
Achillea erba-rotta moschataMusk MilfoilPerennial0.2 5-9  LMHNDM02 
Achillea millefoliumYarrow, Boreal yarrow, California yarrow, Giant yarrow, Coast yarrow, Western yarrow, Pacific yarrowPerennial0.6 4-8 FLMHSNDM344
Achillea sibiricaSiberian YarrowPerennial0.5 5-9  LMHNDM11 
Acinos alpinusAlpine CalamintPerennial0.5 4-8  LMHNDM11 
Acinos arvensisBasil ThymeAnnual/Perennial0.2 4-8  LMNDM21 
Acinos rotundifolius Annual/Perennial0.3 4-8  LMHNDM11 
Acmella oleraceaToothache plant, ParacressPerennial0.4 9-11 FLMHNM332
Aconitum carmichaeliiJapanese Aconite, Carmichael's monkshoodPerennial1.5 3-7  LMHSNM02 
Aconitum japonicum Perennial1.0 4-8  LMHSNM02 
Aconitum koreanumKorean Monk's HoodPerennial1.5 -  LMHSNM10 
Aconitum lycoctonum vulpariaWolfbanePerennial1.0 3-7  LMHSNM11 
Aconitum napellusAconite, Venus' chariot, Wolfsbane Garden, Monk's Hood GardenPerennial1.5 3-8  LMHSNM12 
Aconitum septentrionale Perennial0.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Acrocarpus fraxinifoliusPink Cedar, Shingle TreeTree30.0 10-12 FMNM004
Acrocomia aculeataCoyoli Palm. Gru-Gru Palm, Macaw palmTree15.0 10-12 FLMHNDM312
Actaea pachypodaWhite BaneberryPerennial0.8 3-7  LMHSM02 
Actaea rubraRed BaneberryPerennial0.5 3-7  LMHFSM02 
Actinidia argutaTara VineClimber15.0 4-8  LMHSNM502
Actinidia arguta cordifolia Climber7.0 -  LMHSNM40 
Actinidia arguta rufa Climber7.0 -  LMHSNM40 
Actinidia arisanensis Climber5.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia callosa formosana Climber7.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia callosa henryi Climber7.0 7-10  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia callosa indochinensis Climber7.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia callosa pubescens Climber7.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia coriacea Climber8.0 5-9  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia deliciosaKiwi FruitClimber9.0 6-9 MLMHSNM511
Actinidia eriantha Climber10.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia fortunatii Climber10.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia giraldii Climber10.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia hemsleyana Climber9.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia hypoleuca Climber5.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia kolomikta gagnepainii Climber7.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia latifolia Climber7.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia melanandraRed KiwiClimber7.0 5-9  LMHSNM40 
Actinidia pilosula Climber7.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia polygamaSilver VineClimber6.0 4-8  LMHSNM42 
Actinidia polygama lecomtei Climber5.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia purpureaPurple hardy kiwiClimber10.0 5-9  LMHSNM401
Actinidia sabiifolia Climber5.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia tetramera Climber13.5 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia trichogyna Climber7.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Actinidia venosa Climber9.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Adansonia digitataBaobab, Judas Fruit, Monkey Bread TreeTree20.0 10-12 SLMHNDM334
Adenanthera pavoninaRed Sandalwood, Coral TreeTree18.0 10-12 FLMHNM324
Adenophora denticulata Perennial0.5 6-9  LMNM20 
Adenophora divaricata Perennial1.0 -  LMNM20 
Adenophora latifolia Perennial0.5 -  LMNM20 
Adenophora liliifoliaLadybells, LilyleafPerennial0.5 3-8 MLMNM20 
Adenophora nikoensis Perennial0.3 5-9  LMNM20 
Adenophora remotiflora Perennial1.0 5-9  LMNM21 
Adenophora verticillata Perennial1.0 6-9  LMSNM22 
Aechmea magdalenaePingwing. Ixtle, Pita plantPerennial2.5 10-12 SLMHFSM303
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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