We depend on donations from users of our database of over 8000 edible and useful plants to keep making it available free of charge and to further extend and improve it. In recent months donations are down, and we are spending more than we receive. Please give what you can to keep PFAF properly funded. More >>>

Follow Us:


Reutealis trisperma - (Blanco) Airy Shaw

Common Name Otaheite Walnut, Lumbang Tree
Family Euphorbiaceae
USDA hardiness 9-12
Known Hazards The fruit is poisonous[372 ]. The kernels, when fresh, have a pleasant nutty flavour, but leave a burning sensation in mouth, throat, oesophagus and stomach ; even a part of one nut may cause either violent vomiting within half an hour or else a terrific diarrhoea, beginning within a few hours after eating and lasting from 12 - 24 hours[345 ].
Habitats Forests at low to medium elevations[327 ].
Range Southeast Asia - Philippines.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Reutealis trisperma Otaheite Walnut, Lumbang Tree

Reutealis trisperma Otaheite Walnut, Lumbang Tree
Forestowlet wikimedia.org


Translate this page:


Reutealis trisperma or commonly known as Otaheite Walnut or Lumbang Tree is a fast-growing evergreen tree endemic to the Philippines. It grows up to 15 m in height and 35cm in bole diameter. Its fruits are poisonous and no plant part is edible. However, the tree is used medicinally for parasitic skin diseases, burns, scalds, wounds, and dandruff. Seed oil is used for the production of paints, varnishes, soaps, for coating boats, or as fuel oil.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Reutealis trisperma is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Aleurites saponarius Blanco Aleurites trispermus Blanco Camerium trispermum (Blanco) Kuntze


Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Oil
Edible Uses: Oil

The oil is used medicinally but no edible uses have been found.

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Parasiticide  Skin

The plant has medicinal uses[266 ]. It is probably the oil that is used. This is similar to tung oil, obtained from Aleurites spp., which is used externally to treat parasitic skin diseases, burns, scalds and wounds[K ]. The sap of the bark is used to cure scurf of the head[345 ].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More


Other Uses

Fertilizer  Hair  Insecticide  Lighting  Oil  Paint  Parasiticide  Soap making  Varnish

Agroforestry Uses: The seed cake residue, after the extraction of oil, is a good fertilizer[345 ]. Other Uses A high-quality, quick-drying oil is obtained from the seed[345 , 377 ]. The seeds contain 56% oil (bagilumbang oil). It is utilized for the production of paints, varnishes, soaps and for coating boats or as fuel oil[317 ]. The oil was formerly employed in the Philippines for the production of a weak soap which was in demand among sailors owing to its property of lathering in sea water[327 ]. The oil is an effective insecticide[345 ]. The oil is similar to tung oil, obtained from Aleurites spp.[377 ]. Tung oil is a very fast-dring oil with a wide range of applications, including medicinal[K ]. The oil is of best quality only when obtained from the fresh seeds, it deteriorates if not stored in hermetically sealed containers[345 ]. The shells are easily cracked and the oil obtained from the pressed, shelled seeds is of much higher quality than that obtained from crushing the seeds in their shells[345 ].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Plants can be grown in subtropical to tropical areas. They can tolerate occasional short-lived frosts with temperatures falling to about -2°c[377 ]. A fast-growing tree, it can be 5 metres or more tall when 5 years old[345 ]. Trees commence fruiting within a few years from seed[345 ].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:



The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now


Seed - sown fresh a germination rate of 98% can be achieved within 19 days[345 ]. Seedlings can be 54cm tall within 12 months[345 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Lumpang banucalag, Balukanad,

Native Plant Search

Search over 900 plants ideal for food forests and permaculture gardens. Filter to search native plants to your area. The plants selected are the plants in our book 'Plants For Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens, as well as plants chosen for our forthcoming related books for Tropical/Hot Wet Climates and Mediterranean/Hot Dry Climates. Native Plant Search

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asia, Australia, India, Pacific, Philippines, SE Asia,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Vulnerable A1cd

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment


(Blanco) Airy Shaw

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

Readers comment

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Reutealis trisperma  
© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567.