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Populus hybrids - Various

Common Name Hybrid poplar
Family Salicaceae
USDA hardiness 2-10
Known Hazards See individual species.
Habitats
Range Origin: N. Temperate. Widely distributed throughout the northern temperate regions, ranging from North America through Eurasia and northern Africa.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Populus hybrids Hybrid poplar


Populus hybrids Hybrid poplar

 

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Summary

A genus of 25–35 species of deciduous flowering plants in the family Salicaceae, also known as the common names Aspen, Poplar, Cottonwoods. A large genetic diversity, and can grow from 15–50m (49–164 ft) tall. Poplars are rapid-growing but relatively short-lived trees. widely distributed throughout the northern temperate regions, ranging from North America through Eurasia and northern Africa. Like willows (Salix spp.), their close relatives, poplars are known for fast growth and rapid biomass accumulation. Most coppice well and are easy to propagate from cuttings.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Populus hybrids is a TREE growing to 50 m (164ft) by 30 m (98ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. The flowers are pollinated by Wind.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid, very alkaline and saline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Many. See individual species.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Inner bark  Leaves  Seed
Edible Uses:

Leaves are rich in protein and have a greater amino-acid content than wheat, corn, rice and barley[226]. Carbon Farming Solutions - Staple Crop: protein (The term staple crop typically refers to a food that is eaten routinely and accounts for a dominant part of people's diets in a particular region of the world) [1-1].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


Some. See individual species. For example Balsam poplar has a long history of medicinal use. It was valued by several native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a variety of complaints, but especially to treat skin problems and lung ailments[257]. In modern herbalism it is valued as an expectorant and antiseptic tonic. The leaf buds are antiscorbutic, antiseptic, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant, tonic[4, 46, 61, 165, 172]. The leaf buds are covered with a resinous sap that has a strong turpentine odour and a bitter taste[213].They are boiled in order to separate the resin and the resin is then dissolved in alcohol[222]. The resin is a folk remedy, used as a salve and wash for sores, rheumatism, wounds etc[222, 257]. It is made into a tea and used as a wash for sprains, inflammation, muscle pains etc[222]. Internally, the tea is used in the treatment of lung ailments and coughs[222]. The buds can also be put in hot water and used as an inhalant to relieve congested nasal passages[213]. The bark is cathartic and tonic[4]. Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the bark of most, if not all members of the genus contain salicin, a glycoside that probably decomposes into salicylic acid (aspirin) in the body[213, 238]. The bark is therefore anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge. It is used especially in treating rheumatism and fevers, and also to relieve the pain of menstrual cramps[238]. A tea made from the inner bark is used as an eye wash and in the treatment of scurvy[222].

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Other Uses

Like willows (Salix spp.), their close relatives, poplars are known for fast growth and rapid biomass accumulation. Most coppice well and are easy to propagate from cuttings [1-1]. Carbon Farming Solutions - Industrial Crop: biomass (Crops grown for non-food uses. Industrial crops provide resources in three main categories: materials, chemicals, and energy. Traditional materials include lumber and thatch, paper and cardboard, and textiles) [1-1]. Agroforestry Services: windbreak, living trellis (Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland). Fodder: bank. Other Systems: SRC, irreg. intercrop, strip intercrop. Commonly grown as windbreaks. Intercropped with annuals across northern China. In Italy they are pruned to be living trellises for grape growth.

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

Cultivation details

Agroforestry Services: Living trellis  Agroforestry Services: Windbreak  Fodder: Bank  Global Crop  Industrial Crop: Biomass  Management: Coppice  Management: Standard  Other Systems: Irreg. Intercrop  Other Systems: SRC  Other Systems: Strip intercrop  Staple Crop: Protein

Climate: boreal to warm temperate. Humidity: semi-arid to humid. Native to much of the northern temerate region and thrive from boreal through warm temperate climates as well as tropical highlands. Some are adapted to semi-arid sites although most prefer humid conditions [1-1]. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: global crop. Management: standard, coppice (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1].

Carbon Farming

  • Agroforestry Services: Living trellis  Plants to physically support other crops.
  • Agroforestry Services: Windbreak  Linear plantings of trees and shrubs designed to enhance crop production, protect people and livestock and benefit soil and water conservation.
  • Fodder: Bank  Fodder banks are plantings of high-quality fodder species. Their goal is to maintain healthy productive animals. They can be utilized all year, but are designed to bridge the forage scarcity of annual dry seasons. Fodder bank plants are usually trees or shrubs, and often legumes. The relatively deep roots of these woody perennials allow them to reach soil nutrients and moisture not available to grasses and herbaceous plants.
  • Global Crop  These crops are already grown or traded around the world. The annual value of each is more than $1 billion US Examples include coconuts, almonds, and bananas.
  • Industrial Crop: Biomass  Three broad categories: bamboos, resprouting woody plants, and giant grasses. uses include: protein, materials (paper, building materials, fibers, biochar etc.), chemicals (biobased chemicals), energy - biofuels
  • Management: Coppice  Cut to the ground repeatedly - resprouting vigorously. Non-destructive management systems maintaining the soil organic carbon.
  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Other Systems: Irreg. Intercrop  Irregular intercropping systems are trees scattered throughout cropland.
  • Other Systems: SRC  Short-rotation coppice.
  • Other Systems: Strip intercrop  Tree crops grown in rows with alternating annual crops.
  • Staple Crop: Protein  (16+ percent protein, 0-15 percent oil). Annuals include beans, chickpeas, lentils, cowpeas, and pigeon peas. Perennials include perennial beans, nuts, leaf protein concentrates, and edible milks.

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Propagation

Seed. Cuttings

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Aspen, Poplar, Cottonwoods,

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Widely distributed throughout the northern temperate regions, ranging from North America through Eurasia and northern Africa.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Populus albaWhite PoplarTree20.0 3-9 FLMHNDM120
Populus angustifoliaNarrowleaf CottonwoodTree30.0 3-7 FLMHNM12 
Populus 'Balsam Spire'Tacatricho 32Tree30.0 4-8 FLMHNM03 
Populus balsamiferaBalsam Poplar, Black cottonwoodTree30.0 0-0 FLMHNM13 
Populus ciliataHimalayan PoplarTree20.0 - FLMHNM02 
Populus deltoidesEastern Cottonwood, Plains cottonwood, Rio Grande cottonwood, Necklace PoplarTree30.0 3-9 FLMHNM220
Populus deltoides moniliferaPlains CottonwoodTree30.0 - FLMHNM12 
Populus deltoides wislizeniiRio Grande CottonwoodTree30.0 - FLMHNM21 
Populus euphratica Tree15.0 - FLMHNMWe01 
Populus fremontiiCottonwood, Fremont cottonwood, Fremont Poplar, Western CottonwoodTree25.0 2-9 FLMHNDM12 
Populus grandidentataCanadian Aspen, Bigtooth aspenTree20.0 2-5 FLMHNM11 
Populus heterophyllaSwamp CottonwoodTree25.0 - FLMHNM01 
Populus maximowicziiDoronoki, Japanese poplarTree30.0 4-8 FLMHNM01 
Populus nigraBlack Poplar, Lombardy poplarTree30.0 3-9 FLMHNM13 
Populus pseudosimonii Tree20.0 -  LMHNM11 
Populus sieboldiiJapanese AspenTree20.0 4-8 FLMHNM11 
Populus simoniiSimon poplar, Chinese PoplarTree30.0 2-5 FLMHNM11 
Populus tremulaAspen Poplar, European aspen, AspenTree18.0 2-5 FLMHSNMWe12 
Populus tremuloidesAmerican Aspen - Poplar, Quaking aspenTree20.0 2-5 FLMHNDM13 
Populus trichocarpaWestern Balsam Poplar, Black cottonwoodTree40.0 4-8 FLMHNM13 
Populus x canadensisCanadian Poplar, Carolina PoplarTree40.0 4-9 FLMHNM01 
Populus x canescensGrey PoplarTree30.0 4-9 FLMHNM01 
Populus x jackiiBalm Of GileadTree30.0 - FLMHNM03 

 

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Subject : Populus hybrids  
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