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Corypha utan - Lam.

Common Name Gebang Palm. Corypha palm, Sugar palm
Family Arecaceae
USDA hardiness 11-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Flat, low-lying land in woodlands and forests in monsoonal areas[297 ]. Open grasslands, and along rivers and wetlands[314 ].
Range E. Asia - India, Malaysia and Indo-China to Australia.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Corypha utan Gebang Palm. Corypha palm, Sugar palm


wikimedia.org W.A. Djatmiko (Wie146)
Corypha utan Gebang Palm. Corypha palm, Sugar palm
wikimedia.org W.A. Djatmiko (Wie146)

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Corypha utan is an evergreen Tree growing to 18 m (59ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Borassus sylvestris Giseke Corypha elata Roxb. Corypha gebang Mart. Corypha gembanga (Blume) Blume Corypha griffithiana Becc. Corypha macrophylla Roster Corypha macropoda Kurz ex Linden Corypha macropoda Linden ex Kurz Corypha sylvestris Mart. Gembanga rotundifolia Blume Livistona vidalii Becc. Taliera elata (Roxb.) Wall. Taliera gembanga Blume Taliera sylvestris Blume

Habitats

Edible Uses

A sweet sap is obtained from the inflorescence[297 ]. This can be used as a sugar or fermented into an alcoholic drink[297 ]. Apical bud - raw, cooked with rice or pickled[301 ]. Eaten raw as a salad, or cooked as a vegetable[46 , 360 ]. Eating this bud effectively kills the plant because it is unable to make side branches[301 , K ]. A starch obtained from the pith of the stem is used to make sago[46 , 301 , 360 ]. The kernels of young seeds are eaten or made into sweetmeats[46 , 301 , 360 ].

Medicinal Uses

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The roots are demulcent, diuretic, emollient and stimulant[360 ]. The roots are chewed in the treatment of coughs[360 ]. The juice of the roots is used for treating diarrhea360]. A decoction of the young plant is used in the treatment of febrile catarrh[360 ] . The starch from the trunk is used in the treatment of bowel complaints[360 ].

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Other Uses

The leaves have a wide range of uses, including thatching for roofs and walls, weaving into baskets, mats, hats etc[297 , 454 ]. The ribs of the leaves is used for making brooms[360 ]. A fibre, known as 'buntal', is obtained from the leaf petioles[46 , 360 ]. It is used for making Lucban and Baliuag hats, and for making rope[46 , 360 ]. A very fine fibre is obtained from the unfolded leaves[46 , 360 ]. Used for cloth, fancy articles and as a string[46 ]. Fibres from the ribs of unfolded leaves are used for making Calasiao hats[46 ]. The mature seeds are made into buttons or used as beads on rosaries[46 , 360 ].

Cultivation details

Industrial Crop: Fiber  Management: Standard  Regional Crop  Staple Crop: Sugar

Plants succeed in moist tropical climates where temperatures never fall below 10?c, the average annual rainfall is 1,500mm or more and the driest month has 25mm or more rain[297 ]. They can also succeed in drier areas with an annual rainfall as low as 250mm and one month or more where rainfall is below 25mm[297 ]. Plants grow well in full sun, even when small[297 ]. Plants are monocarpic - living for many years without flowering, but then dying after they flower[200 ]. Like all members of this genus, these palms only flower at the end of their life, sending up a massive inflorescence, up to 5 metres high, and with up to 1 million flowers[314 ]. Plants are slow growing when young[200 ].

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Propagation

Seed

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Bajur, Bajurgatul, Buoon cao, Buri palm, Gebang palm, Gewang, Ibus, Komolu Silag, Lan phru, Las, Lontar utan, Pe-bin, Pochok, Puchuk, Tali

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, East Timor, Fiji, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Mayotte, Myanmar, Pacific, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Philippines, SE Asia, South America, Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste, Venezuela, Vietnam

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Least Concern

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

Lam.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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