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Onosma bracteatum - Wall.

Common Name
Family Boraginaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rocky slopes in dry areas, 3300 - 5000 metres[51].
Range E. Asia - Himalayas from Uttar Pradesh to C. Nepal.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Onosma bracteatum

Onosma bracteatum


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Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Onosma bracteatum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Plant Habitats

 Cultivated Beds; South Wall. In. West Wall. In.

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Alterative  Demulcent  Leprosy  Miscellany  Refrigerant  Tonic

The plant is alterative, demulcent, refrigerant and tonic[240]. A decoction is used in the treatment of rheumatism, syphilis and leprosy[240]. The plant is considered to be useful in relieving excessive thirst and restlessness in febrile excitement, and also to be useful in relieving functional palpitation of the heart, irritation of the bladder and stomach, and strangury[240].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses


A report says that the plant is used in technology, but it gives no more information[145]. It is quite likely that this refers to the use of the root as a source of a red dye[K].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in most parts of this country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Requires a well-drained soil in full sun[1, 187]. Prefers a deep rather rich sandy loam[1]. Best grown in a crevice in a rock garden or on a wall[1, 187]. Tolerates hot dry conditions and also drought once it is established, but disliking winter wet[190]. Plants also dislike wet summers[200].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Plant Propagation

Seed - we have no information on this species but suggest sowing the seed in a greenhouse in early spring. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out in early summer. Cuttings in a frame in the summer. Shade them for the first 10 - 12 days[1].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Onosma echioidesOnosmaPerennial0.3 6-9  LMNDM011
Onosma frutescens Perennial0.3 7-10  LMNDM001
Onosma hispidum Perennial0.4 -  LMNDM11 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


Expert comment



Botanical References


Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Kashifa Khanum   Fri Jan 7 09:42:53 2005

Link: www.himalayahealthcare.com Site for Herbal Medicines from India

Nancy Zygmont   Tue Feb 1 20:52:12 2005

This plant is listed as an ingredient of Hamdard's Joshanda (herbal remedy for flu, coough, and cold). This information comes directly from the package (no address, as far as I can tell).

Patricia Hoffman   Wed Mar 2 02:55:17 2005

I believe Onosma Bracteatum (gazoban)is an important ingredient in the highly effective Ayurvedic formula Muktavati for stress/hypertension. While Muktavati is available in the USA, I am unable to confirm that it it does include Onosma Bracteatum; if it does not, then its potency as an anti-hypertensive is questionable. In most cases even severe hypert- tension returns to near normal levels in only 3 - 4 days. Anyone have any info. on this

   Sun Mar 6 16:50:37 2005

The active principles in Muktavati include Onosma Bracteatum, which is indeed known to Ayurvedic medicine as gazoban. The formulation also includes

Brahmi (Centella Asiatica) Ashwagandha (Withania Somnifera) Shankhapushpi (Evolvulus Alsinoides L.) PushkarMool (Inula Racemosus) Vacha (Acorus Calamus) Jyotishmati (Celastrus Paniculatus) Guduchi (Tinospora Cordifolia) Pearl Powder (Mukta Pishti)

I can definitely attest to the potency of Muktavati as an antihypertensive - it's the only thing which has reduced my blood pressure from c 150/90 to a regulated 120/70. No allopathic medicine at all, and no side effects.

You need to keep up a low maintenance dose after the first month, but really, this formula should be available on our National Health!!

Bob Sutton - drbob (then the at sign) isys-online.co.uk

girish   Sun Jan 7 2007

I want some Ayurvedic information that is about Gojivha

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