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Betula glandulosa - Michx.

Common Name Scrub Birch
Family Betulaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Streambanks, marsh margins, lakes and bogs, also found on alpine slopes[60].
Range North-western N. America - Newfoundland to Alaska, southwards on mountain ranges.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Betula glandulosa Scrub Birch


USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 1: 611.
Betula glandulosa Scrub Birch
Susan McDougall @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Betula glandulosa is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 1 and is not frost tender. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

B. crenata. B. glandulifera.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Ground Cover;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers  Leaves
Edible Uses: Condiment

Young leaves and catkins - raw[172]. The buds and twigs are used as a flavouring in stews[172].

Medicinal Uses

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Antirheumatic  Antiseborrheic  Astringent  Lithontripic  Salve  Sedative

The bark is antirheumatic, astringent, lithontripic, salve and sedative[172].

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Other Uses

Hair

The plant is valuable for ground cover[245]. An infusion of the plant is used as a hair conditioner and dandruff treatment[172].

Special Uses

Ground cover  Scented Plants

Cultivation details

Succeeds in a well-drained loamy soil in a sheltered position[11, 200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Shade tolerant[200]. B. glandulifera, mentioned above as a synonym of this species, might be a separate species in its own right[11, 200]. This species is native to areas with very cold winters and often does not do well in milder zones. It can be excited into premature growth in mild winters and this new growth is susceptible to frost damage[200]. The branches are covered in aromatic glands, and the leaves are pleasantly fragrant when crushed[245]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[50]. This species is closely related to B. nana[11]. Trees are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a light position in a cold frame[78, 80, 113, 134]. Only just cover the seed and place the pot in a sunny position[78, 80, 134]. Spring sown seed should be surface sown in a sunny position in a cold frame[113, 134]. If the germination is poor, raising the temperature by covering the seed with glass can help[134]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. If you have sufficient seed, it can be sown in an outdoor seedbed, either as soon as it is ripe or in the early spring - do not cover the spring sown seed. Grow the plants on in the seedbed for 2 years before planting them out into their permanent positions in the winter[78, 80, 113, 134].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Alnus acuminataAlderTree25.0 10-12 FLMHSNM023
Alnus cordataItalian AlderTree25.0 5-9 FMHSNDMWe004
Alnus glutinosaAlder, European alder , Common Alder, Black AlderTree25.0 3-7 FMHSNMWe035
Alnus hirsuta Tree18.0 3-7  MHSNMWe00 
Alnus incanaGrey Alder, Speckled alder, Thinleaf alder, White AlderTree18.0 2-6 FMHSNDMWe003
Alnus japonicaJapanese AlderTree22.0 4-8 FMHSNDMWe01 
Alnus jorullensisMexican alder, Evergreen AlderTree25.0 7-12 FLMHSNMWe003
Alnus maritimaSeaside Alder, Beach AlderTree9.0 3-7 MMHNMWe00 
Alnus maximowiczii Tree9.0 4-8  MHSNMWe00 
Alnus nepalensisNepalese AlderTree22.0 8-11 FMHSNMWe01 
Alnus nitida Tree30.0 7-10  MHSNDMWe01 
Alnus rhombifoliaWhite AlderTree12.0 8-11 FMHSNMWe12 
Alnus rubraRed Alder, Oregon AlderTree20.0 7-8 FMHSNMWe22 
Alnus rugosaSpeckled AlderTree22.0 - FMHSNMWe023
Alnus serrulataSmooth Alder, Hazel alderShrub4.5 0-0  MHNMWe022
Alnus sinuataSitka AlderShrub4.0 - FMHSNMWe11 
Alnus tenuifoliaMountain Alder, Thinleaf alderTree9.0 5-7 FMHSNMWe12 
Alnus viridis crispaAmerican Green AlderShrub3.0 4-8  MHSNMWe12 
Betula alleghaniensisYellow Birch, Swamp BirchTree12.0 3-7 FLMHSNM324
Betula alnoides Tree40.0 7-10 FLMHSNM21 
Betula ermaniiGold BirchTree25.0 3-7 FLMHSNM01 
Betula kenaicaKenai BirchTree12.0 - FLMHSNM31 
Betula lentaCherry Birch, Sweet birch, Black Birch, Cherry BirchTree24.0 3-7 FLMHSNM333
Betula nanaDwarf BirchShrub0.3 -  LMHSNM22 
Betula nigraRiver Birch, Black Birch, Red Birch, Water Birch, River BirchTree20.0 3-9 FLMHSNM32 
Betula occidentalisWater BirchTree9.0 - FLMHSNM32 
Betula papyriferaPaper Birch, Mountain paper birch, Kenai birchTree20.0 0-0 FLMHNDM32 
Betula pendulaSilver Birch, European white birch, Common Birch, Warty Birch, European White BirchTree20.0 2-6 FLMHNDM33 
Betula platyphyllaWhite Birch, Asian white birch,Tree20.0 3-6 FLMHNDM22 
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Author

Michx.

Botanical References

1160200

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